Venezuela Geography and Climate

Venezuela is located in South America just north of the equator, that is, on its territory, summer lasts all year round. And in fact, the country is a great place for a beach holiday with a well-developed infrastructure. In the coastal waters, you can see a variety of fish and bizarre corals, which are carefully protected by the state.

In Venezuela, there is the highest waterfall in the world – Angel, the spurs of the Andes come here, there is also the Guiana Plateau with mesas, which was described by Conan Doyle as the “Lost World”. Numerous national parks and reserves amaze with the richness of flora and fauna – from the communities of the local llanos savannahs and tropical forests along flat rivers to forested mountain slopes, which are pierced by hiking trails.

The best time to travel to Venezuela is from December to March, when the rainy season ends. However, there is an exception: trips to Angel Falls, located in Canaima National Park, are possible only during the rainy season (April – November) or immediately after it ends, because the route to the waterfall runs along the river, which becomes shallow during the dry season.

The official language of Venezuela is Spanish. In some Indian settlements, local dialects are spoken. English, French and German are widely spoken in major tourist centers.

Geography in Venezuela

According to top-engineering-schools, Venezuela is located in the north of South America and covers an area of 912 thousand square meters. km. The country shares borders with Colombia in the west and southwest, with Brazil in the south and southeast, and with Guyana in the east. In the north, Venezuela is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, in the northeast – by the Atlantic Ocean.

In the central part of the country, the vast Llanos plain (high-grass savannah) extends, which is flooded during the rainy season. From the south, it is bounded by the Guiana Highlands, where the so-called “tepui” – mesas – rise. The country’s largest river, the Orinoco, originates in the Guiana Highlands. It flows through the central plains of Venezuela (Llanos) and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The largest tributaries of the Orinoco are Apure, Meta, Negro and Casiquiare, which connects the Orinoco with the Amazon tributary, the Rio Negro. On one of the tributaries of the Orinoco, there is the highest waterfall in the world – Angel, the waters of which break down from Mount Auyan-Tepui from a height of 983 m. The height of the continuous fall of the water flow is 807 m, below the flow is scattered into separate drops, forming a kind of water fog.

In the western and northwestern parts of the country, the spurs of the Andes stretch: the Coastal Andes and the Cordillera de Merida, where the highest point in Venezuela is located – Bolivar Peak (5007 m). Between the spurs of the Andes in the intermountain depression is located lake Maracaibo, its area is 13210 square meters. km. It is connected to the Gulf of Venezuela by a narrow strait.

Venezuela owns several islands in the southern Caribbean, the largest of which are the archipelagos of Aves, Los Hermanos, Los Roques and Los Testigos, and the islands of Orchila, Margarita, La Tortuga and Blanquilla, as well as a number of small coral islands (about 72) and reefs (about 200). All of them are located within 200 km from the coastline, only the Aves archipelago is located 500 km from the coast.

Climate in Venezuela

Most of Venezuela has a subequatorial climate. The air temperature changes little during the year, the differences in the seasons are in the amount of precipitation. In summer (April – November) wet equatorial masses come and the rainy season begins, while in winter (December – March) dry trade winds blow.

The climate is hot on the plains. The highest air temperatures are observed in autumn and winter, when the northeast trade winds prevail, during this period the air warms up to +35 degrees during the day, and cools down to +24 degrees at night. As the elevation rises, the area becomes cooler. So, at altitudes from 500 to 1000 m, daytime temperatures range from +24 to +28 degrees, and at night it is from 16 to 20 degrees of heat. About 300 mm of precipitation per year falls on the plains, and up to 700 mm per year on the Guiana Plateau. The windward slopes of the mountains and the southeastern part of the Guiana Plateau are considered the wettest place – up to 3000 mm of precipitation can fall here.

Tropical climate prevails on the northern coast of Venezuela and on the islands of the Caribbean. Daytime air temperatures during the year are +30..+34 degrees, and night – 22..26 degrees of heat. The coast and islands receive the least amount of precipitation – about 250 mm per year.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Venezuela is from December to March when the rainy season ends. However, there is an exception: trips to Angel Falls, located in Canaima National Park, are possible only during the rainy season (April – November) or immediately after it ends, because the route to the waterfall runs along the river, which becomes shallow during the dry season.

Venezuela Geography