Ukraine Geography and Climate

Ukraine offers holidays for every taste – from fashionable to the most affordable. The abundance of historical sights, diverse nature, comfortable climate, warm sea and the absence of a language barrier attract many tourists every year.

The swimming season in Crimea lasts from mid-May to mid-September. During this period, the water temperature in the Black Sea is above 20 degrees.

Ukrainian has been the state language since 1990. The Russian language is widely spoken. Most of the population of Eastern Ukraine and Kyiv consider Russian as their mother tongue, in contrast to Western Ukraine, where the Ukrainian language is most widely spoken. There are also Crimean Tatar, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian languages spoken by ethnic groups.

Geography in Ukraine

According to top-engineering-schools, Ukraine is a state in Eastern Europe. In the north, Ukraine borders on Belarus, Poland and Slovakia, in the southwest – on Hungary, Romania and Moldova. The area of Ukraine is 603.700 km2.

Ukraine located on the southwestern edge of the East European Plain. Most of the territory (95%) is occupied by plains with low gentle elevations, the height of which does not exceed 300 m. In the west, these are the Volyn, Podolsk and Dnieper uplands, in the east – the Donetsk Ridge and the Azov Upland. The predominant natural zones on the plains are mixed forests, forest-steppes and steppes. About half of the land is used for arable land, forests occupy 18% of the territory.

There are two mountain systems in Ukraine – the Carpathians in the west and the Crimean Mountains in the south. The highest point of the Carpathians within Ukraine is Mount Hoverla (2061 m), which is also the highest point in the country. The maximum height of the Crimean Mountains is 1545 m.

Ukraine has access to the Black and Azov seas. The shores of the Black Sea are mostly low-lying and dissected by bays and estuaries; in the south of the Crimean Peninsula they are steep and mountainous. The shores of the Sea of Azov are flat and are distinguished by an abundance of sandy spits. More than 70,000 rivers flow

through Ukraine. The largest of them are the Dnieper, Dniester, Desna, Southern Bug. The main river of the country – the Dnieper – divides it into Right- and Left-bank Ukraine. There are more than 3,000 natural lakes in the country, the largest of which is Svityaz, as well as many sources of mineral waters and therapeutic mud, which are used to treat many diseases.

In Ukraine 5 national parks, 15 national reserves, as well as many other territories under state protection have been created. Among the largest and most important parks and reserves are such as Askania-Nova (Kherson region), Shatsky National Park (Volyn region), Sofiivka (Cherkasy region), Trostyanets Hydropark (Chernihiv region).

Climate in Ukraine

In most of the territory of Ukraine, the climate is temperate continental, with distinct seasons, and only on the southern coast of Crimea does it change to subtropical. In the southern and western regions of the country, the climate is milder than in the northern and eastern. In the north of Ukraine, the average temperature of the coldest month, January, is -7 degrees; in the central regions it increases to -5, and in the Crimea, depending on the location, it varies from -0.5 to +4. In winter, average nighttime temperatures from north to south vary from -9 to +1, average daytime temperatures – from -3 to +6. Summer in Ukraine is warm, with an average July temperature of +18:20 degrees, and in Crimea – +22 degrees. In some years, the thermometer can rise to +32. The average night temperature in July in most of Ukraine is +13 degrees, the average daily temperature is +23 degrees. In Crimea, these figures are respectively +20 and +26. Precipitation is distributed very unevenly throughout the country. Most of them fall in mountainous areas. In the Crimean mountains, about 1100 mm falls annually, in the Carpathians the amount of precipitation reaches 1400 – 1600 mm. The most arid are the south-eastern regions of Ukraine, here the amount of precipitation does not exceed 400 mm, and in some years there are droughts. In the rest of the territory, on average, 600 – 700 mm falls annually. Precipitation is distributed fairly evenly over the months, but in most areas (except Crimea) there is some increase in summer. The rainiest months are June and July, during which the monthly precipitation is about 100 mm in the west, 50 mm in the Crimea and 60 – 80 mm in the rest of the territory.

Best time to visit

The swimming season in Crimea lasts from mid-May to mid-September. During this period, the water temperature in the Black Sea is above 20 degrees.

Ukraine Geography