Turkey Geography and Climate

Rest in Turkey is a high level of service and comfort. He is versatile. You can choose a passive holiday and enjoy the sun, which is abundant in this country, and the sea, which caresses you with warmth from May to October. Turkey is a country with an ancient history, if you wish, you can learn about it on numerous excursions. Tourists who prefer outdoor activities in Turkey will be offered rafting and jeep safari. At the same time, the most optimal combination of price and quality is guaranteed.

It is best to go to Turkey in spring or autumn – from April to June or from September to October. The swimming season on the southern and western coasts of Turkey lasts from April to October.

The official state language in Turkey is Turkish. In some regions of the country, Kurdish and Arabic are also spoken. In large cities and tourist centers, you can explain yourself in English, French or German. And in the favorite places of rest of our fellow citizens, merchants also understand the Russian language quite well.

Geography in Turkey

According to top-engineering-schools, the area of Turkey is 780.6 thousand square meters. km. From three sides it is washed by the seas: Black in the north, Mediterranean in the south, Marmara and Aegean seas in the west. Turkey borders Bulgaria and Greece to the northwest, Armenia and Georgia to the northeast, Iran to the east, and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The length of Turkey ‘s land borders is 2,700 km, and the coastline is 6,000 km. Turkey is a country located in two parts of the world: Europe and Asia. The European part of Turkey is called Eastern Thrace or Rumelia and makes up only 3% of the country’s territory. The Asian part is called Anatolia.

The European part is a hilly plateau rising 1000 m above sea level. The Asian part is bounded by mountain systems from the north (Pontic Mountains) and from the south (the Taurus system), between which the Anatolian Highlands are located. The highest point in Turkey is Mount Ararat (5165 m), which is located in Eastern Anatolia.

Almost all the rivers of Turkey are rapids and non-navigable, some dry up in summer. The longest river in the country is the Kizil-Irmak (1150 km). The two largest lakes in Turkey – Lake Van and Lake Tuz – are salty; freshwater lakes Beyzegir, Egridir and Burdural are located in the south-west of the country.

The Black Sea and Mediterranean coasts have a flat coastline and are practically devoid of all sorts of coves and bays. But the coast of the Aegean Sea, on the contrary, is heavily indented.

Climate in Turkey

On the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, the climate is subtropical, with dry, hot summers and warm, rainy winters. The coolest time is from December to February. At this time, night temperatures are +6…+8, during the day +14…+16. Hot weather starts in June and continues until September. At this time, at night, the temperature in Turkey is in the range of +19…+22, in the daytime +30…+34. July and August are the driest months, in which the monthly rainfall is just over 2 mm, during the month the number of rainy days varies from 0 to 2. A lot of rain falls in December and January (230-260 mm), during the month in average 12-13 days with precipitation.

The water temperature, even in the winter months, does not drop below +17 degrees, and reaches its maximum values (+25… +26 degrees) in the period from July to October.

The climate of the northern coast of Turkey (Black Sea) is mild. The coldest time of the year is from January to March. At this time, night temperatures are +3…+5, during the day it is +10…+12 degrees. The warmest time of the year is from June to August, when at night the temperature usually does not drop below +15, during the day it rises to +23… +27 degrees. The least precipitation falls in July and August (32-33 mm per month), at which time the number of days with rain ranges from 5 to 6. Most precipitation falls in the period from October to December (more than 80 mm per month), and the number days with them is 12-13. The water temperature on the Black Sea coast from January to April is 15-16 degrees, from May to August it gradually rises from 17 to 24 degrees, after which it decreases and in December it is about 17 degrees.

The climate of the central parts of the country is temperate continental, with hot and dry summers and cold winters. In winter (from December to February), the temperature at night drops to negative values ​​​​(0… -4), during the day it is slightly positive (from 1 to 6 degrees Celsius). The hottest time of the year is from June to September (+13…+16 at night, around 30 degrees during the day). The driest month is August, it has a monthly rainfall of only 10 mm, and the average number of days with rain is no more than 3. Most of the precipitation falls in April and May (40-50 mm), they have 12-13 days with precipitation.

In the east of the country, especially in the mountainous regions, temperature contrasts are even more pronounced. There is an area of ​​sharply continental climate. Winter lasts from November to May, and the coldest months are January and February. In them, night temperatures are -11… -12, daytime temperatures -2… -4 degrees. The warmest months are July and August, when at night it is usually +11…+12, in the daytime +26…+27 degrees. The least precipitation falls in August – 18 mm and the number of days with precipitation is 4-5. The rainiest month is May, in which more than 70 mm of precipitation falls, with more than half of the days with precipitation during the month.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Turkey is spring or autumn – April to June or September to October. The swimming season on the southern and western coasts of Turkey lasts from April to October.

Turkey Geography