Tunisia Geography and Climate

Tunisia attracts tourists primarily with the opportunity to relax on the sandy beaches of the Mediterranean. The coastal zone has quite rich subtropical vegetation. History lovers can combine a beach holiday with a rich excursion program. Here they will get acquainted with the ruins of ancient cities, with aqueducts, temples, ancient sculptures, see ancient fortresses and forts, medieval Arab bazaars and mosques, ethnographic and historical museums. The famous Carthage is located in Tunisia. There is an opportunity to visit the largest desert in the world – the Sahara (only from Tunisia) and see the best preserved Roman amphitheater (one of six in the world).

Tunisia is a more Europeanized country compared to, for example, Egypt. The level of service in the hotels is good, and the prices are reasonable. Attracts tourists and the fact that the country is visa-free. The trip can be arranged in 1 day.

The local population is friendly to the Russians, the country has low crime.

For beach lovers, the best time to visit is May – June and September – October. At this time, there is no sweltering heat (the maximum daytime temperature on the Mediterranean coast is 23… 30 degrees), and the water temperature is quite comfortable for swimming: in May – June +18… + 21 degrees, in September – October +23…+25 degrees). For those who like to get acquainted with the sights of the country, any time of the year is suitable.

The official and most widely spoken language is Arabic. There are still small groups of the Berber-speaking population that live on the island of Djerba and in the Matmata region. French is widely used in business life.

In the tourist centers of Tunisia, German and English will always be understood.

Geography in Tunisia

According to top-engineering-schools, Tunisia is located in northern Africa. Area – 164.2 thousand square meters. km. The length of the coast is 1298 km, not including the islands. In the west, the country borders with Algeria, in the south and southeast with Libya. From the north and east it is washed by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. The length from north to south is about 800 km, from west to east – 240 km. One third of the territory is in the Sahara desert. The highlands (Atlas Mountains) stretched along the entire Tunisian-Algerian border. The highest point in Tunisia – Jebel Shaambi, reaches a height of 1544 m above sea level. The middle part of the country is a fertile plains, sometimes with hills. Soil fertility decreases from north to south. In the northern and northwestern parts of the country, the greatest amount of precipitation falls – 1500-1600 mm per year, so it is here that Tunisia ‘s breadbasket is located – huge citrus plantations, fields with cereals and vineyards.

Climate in Tunisia

In the north of Tunisia, the climate is Mediterranean, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. Coldest months: January and February. At this time, the air temperature at night drops to +6…+8 degrees, and in some years to negative values, during the day it is about 15 degrees. The warmest are July and August, in which at night it is usually about 20 degrees, during the day the air heats up to +32… +38. The rainiest period is from October to February (monthly precipitation is 50-60 mm, and the number of days with precipitation ranges from 12 to 16), the driest is July and August (monthly precipitation is only 2-3 mm, and the number of days from there are no more than 3). The summer heat on the coast is softened by the sea breeze, so subjectively it seems a little cooler than it actually is. The swimming season lasts from May to November.

In the south of the country (south of the Gulf of Gabes) the climate is more continental and dry. In the coldest months – January and February – at night the temperature drops to +5…+7, during the day at this time 15…17 degrees. The hottest months are: July and August, with a night temperature of 21… 23 degrees, daytime temperature up to +40. The amount of precipitation is noticeably reduced. Even in the “wettest” month – October – only 33 mm of precipitation falls, during 4-6 days of the month, in the “driest” – June, July and August – only 2 mm, often during July there is no precipitation at all.

The Atlas Mountains are cooler. In the coldest time of the year – January – at night it is 4… 6 degrees of heat, in the daytime +12… + 14 degrees. July and August are the hottest months. During this period, the minimum temperature is 18…19 degrees, the maximum is 35…37 degrees. The greatest amount of precipitation occurs in the winter, when about half of the days of the month are with rain. The driest period is July and August. During these months, the number of days with precipitation does not exceed 3 days.

Best time to visit:
For beach lovers, the best time to visit is May – June and September – October. At this time, there is no sweltering heat (the maximum daytime temperature on the Mediterranean coast is 23… 30 degrees), and the water temperature is quite comfortable for swimming: in May – June +18 … + 21 degrees, in September – October +23…+25 degrees). For those who like to get acquainted with the sights of the country, any time of the year is suitable.

Tunisia Geography

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