Airplane: Since Puerto Rico is a relatively small island, domestic air traffic is not particularly extensive. According to aristmarketing, there are daily flights between San Juan, Ponce, Aguadilla and Mayagüez. Most flights in Puerto Rico connect San Juan with the islands of Culebra and Vieques. A large part of the island is served by the airport Aeropuerto Internacional de Luis Munoz Marin (LMM). Isla Grande Airport (SJG) is the hub for private aviation and Puerto Rico’s air taxi flights. From here you can use Vieques Air Link and Air Flamenco fly to Culebra and Vieques. Other airports in Puerto Rico are: Fajardo Airport (FAJ), Culebra Airport (CPX), Mercedita Airport (PSE), Eugenio María de Hostos Airport (MAZ), Vieques Airport (VQS) and Rafael Hernandez Airport (BQN).
Ferries: The Puerto Rican Port Authority has large high-speed ferries that run from Fajardo to Culebra and Vieques. The timetables can always change, but the ferries are generally fast and reliable. If you have reserved a ticket, pick it up at the ferry terminal at least half an hour before the scheduled departure. If you do not have a reservation, you can buy the tickets at the ticket office in the port, this opens an hour before departure.
The ferries are particularly busy for trips to the islands from Friday evening to Saturday morning and for trips to Fajardo from Sunday afternoon to Monday morning. Early reservations are recommended for these periods.
Yacht charter: All major places in Puerto Rico have marinas where you can charter yachts or motor boats, both mot and unmanned. Crewed boats are manned by a skipper and crew; you do not need any previous sailing experience here. Without a crew, you only rent the boat and are your own captain.
Charter companies in Puerto Rico include: Caribbean School of Aquatics, Castillo Watersports, Driftwood Charters, Erin Go Bragh, and Traveler.
Bus: Bus transport in Puerto Rico does not cover the entire island. The buses are called Guaguas in Puerto Rico. Bus stops can be found in Catano, Bayamon, Rio Piedras, Country Club and San Juan. Several bus companies offer tours and excursions on the island.
There are plenty of cheap buses in San Juan. The buses in San Juan belong to either the Autoridad Metropolitana de Autobuses (AMA) or Metrobus. On AMA buses you pay 50 cents for each route, Metrobus usually charges 75 cents. Bus stops are called “Parada” or “Parada de Guaguas”.
Car: Despite the potential difficulties of driving a car in Puerto Rico, the car is the easiest way to get around the countryside, small towns, and remote areas. This is especially true on roads like Ruta Panoramica, where public transport is sparse and cycling is considered too dangerous.
On the other hand, there are circumstances when driving a car can be difficult. In San Juan, for example, traffic is very dense, parking spaces are in short supply and the road network is sometimes labyrinthine. Accident wrecks on the streets of Puerto Rico keep pointing out the dangers of driving a car in Puerto Rico.
The best roads in Puerto Rico are the Expressway toll roads, including number 22 (San Juan – Arecibo), 66 (San Juan – Canóvanas), 52 (San Juan – Ponce) and 53 (Fajardo – Yabucoa). In order to drive on these streets, a fee of between 50 US cents and 1.50 US dollars must be paid at the driveways. Coins should be kept ready for planned journeys on toll roads.
The next best roads are the major highways, including Hwy 2 and 3 (which circle the island), Hwy 10 (Arecibo – Ponce) and Hwy 30 (Caguas – Humacao). These streets have two to three lanes in either direction, but there are lots of traffic lights and frequent traffic jams during rush hours. With their ubiquitous shopping malls and unsightly satellite towns, they are not a good advertisement for the island’s scenic beauties.
Small streets are much nicer, much narrower and more curvy than the main streets. They criss-cross the steep terrain of the island. In the mountains, calculate with an average speed of around 40 km / h.
Speed limits in Puerto Rico are in miles per hour, while distances are in kilometers.
Puerto Rico has all of the major international car rental companies, as well as numerous smaller, local companies. Big companies like Avis and Hertz are usually the safest choices. Most car rental companies require that you have a credit card, be at least 25 years old, and have a valid national driver’s license. Some companies (including Budget) also rent their vehicles to drivers aged 21 and over for an additional fee.
Car rental agencies can be found in the local Yellow Pages and in the Puerto Rico Tourism Company’s publication (“Que Pasa”). Many agencies have their branches at LMM Airport, in the big cities and important coastal towns. Agencies in San Juan include: AAA, Budget, Alamo, Avis, Dollar, Charlie Car Rental, Hertz, Rent-A-Car, National, L&M, Thrifty and Target.
Liability insurance is required for cars in Puerto Rico, as in most US states. Insurance against damage to the car (collision damage waiver or loss damage waiver) is usually optional. Usually a deductible of $ 100 to $ 500 is required. Be sure to take out insurance, accidents happen too easily in Puerto Rico. Also note that most agencies don’t cover accidents on Culebra and Vieques. It is not desirable that you drive a car there as there is no way for tow trucks to reach you quickly in the event of an accident. Nobody on the ferry will forbid you to bring your rental car to the islands, you will pay for any damage to the vehicle yourself.
The subway – Tren Urbano reaches the region around San Juan. It is the only subway in the Caribbean, extends from Sagrado Corazon in Santurce to Bayamon and stops at 16 stations. The Tren Urbano opened in 2005 and is still very modern and efficient today.
However, not many touristically interesting areas are covered by the subway, but this is set to change in the future. Tickets start at $ 1.50.
Taxis are available in most of Puerto Rico’s medium and large cities. The taxi ranks are located at airports, in front of major attractions and in front of hotels. Minibuses that are operated as shared taxis (Publicos) can be recognized by the P or PD sign on the license plate. The Publicos drive between the larger island cities.
In theory, all taxis should use taximeters. However, it happens again and again that drivers refuse to turn on the taximeter, so the price has to be negotiated. In San Juan, however, the “tourist taxis” have fixed prices for certain routes.
Taxis can be ordered by phone or simply stopped in the street.
Bicycle: Recently, bicycle tours in Puerto Rico have become increasingly popular. Most resorts have at least one bike rental service, and in some places there are also bike shops. For serious long-distance tours, you’ll either need to bring your own bike or buy a bike locally.
The disadvantages for cyclists in Puerto Rico include ruthless motorists. In Puerto Rico, the car is the undisputed number one on the streets, in many areas drivers are simply not used to cyclists, so there is a lack of awareness of these road users. This should always be considered when cycling on the island, it is best to stay on quieter streets and in smaller towns. Never drive after dark. You can also contact the Puerto Rican Bicycle Federation for more information.