Thailand Geography and Climate

Thailand is one of the most visited countries in Southeast Asia. It successfully combines opportunities for an unforgettable vacation on tropical beaches with an extensive excursion program. The main resorts are located in the south of the country (Phuket, Samui, Krabi), as well as in the central region (Pattaya, Samet).

The most remarkable natural monuments are located in the north of Thailand. These are numerous national parks, waterfalls, caves, untouched jungle. It is most convenient to make excursions to them from Chiang Mai, the capital of northern Thailand and the second largest city in the country. In the north, the original mountain tribes Karen, Meo, Lisu, Lahu, Yao-Yao live, whose life you can get acquainted with during hikes.

Of course, the main attraction of Thailand is its capital – Bangkok. This is the most exotic capital of the East, where the monuments of the past successfully coexist with the creations of the present. There is no single center in Bangkok, but there are several equivalent districts, each of which is original and remarkable in its own way. For tourists, the most interesting are the Historic Center, Chinatown, Silom – the modern city center, Siam Skweya – the shopping area, which houses the largest supermarkets and smaller shops.

The best time to visit the central, eastern and northeastern regions of the country is from December to March, when the weather is dry with air temperatures from +24 to +26. It is best to go to Phuket in November – February, to Krabi – between November to April, on Koh Samui – from December to April.

In Thailand, the official language is Thai. English is widely spoken in tourist centers. A small part of the population speaks Japanese, Chinese and Malay.

Geography in Thailand

According to top-engineering-schools, Thailand is a country in Southeast Asia. It occupies the central part of the Indochina peninsula and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula, and a number of small islands also belong to it. In the west , Thailand borders with Laos and Cambodia, in the east – with Myanmar, in the south – with Malaysia. The country is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Thailand, the South China Sea in the south and the Andaman Sea in the southwest. Thailand

Squareis 531.1 thousand square meters. km. It extends 1500 km from north to south and 800 km from west to east. More than half of the country’s territory is occupied by low-lying plains; in the north and west there are mountain ranges that have a predominantly meridional direction and continue to the Malay Peninsula. The highest point in Thailand is Mount Doi Inthanon (2595 m) in a mountain range on the western border. To the east is the Korat plateau, almost devoid of vegetation as a result of intensive deforestation, and the coastal area is occupied by a plain known for its beautiful sandy beaches.

The rivers Menam, Mekong and Salween are of the greatest importance in the life of the country. The rivers are mainly fed by rain, so floods can occur during the rainy season. Lakes in Thailand few, the largest of them is Lake Thaleluang on the Malay Peninsula.

On the territory of Thailand, 5 national parks have been created with a total area of ​​about 8 thousand square meters. km. The national parks include the Erawan waterfall (west of Bangkok), the highest mountain in Thailand, Doi Inthanon, and other interesting natural objects. The reserves located on the Khunthan and Tanentahunji mountain ranges in the west of the country preserve many of the plants and animals of the jungle. Here is the home of the elephants that survived in Thailand; animals can even be seen at work in forest clearings. Unique nature reserves are located on the islands in Phang Nga Bay.

Climate in Thailand

Thailand is located in the tropical climate zone. In the tropical zone of Asia, there is a change in air currents: the trade wind dominates in winter, the monsoon dominates in summer, which determines the seasons of the year. The characteristic features of the climatic regime of Thailand are due to the presence of mountains in the north, which protect its territory from the influence of the winter trade winds, so the cool season is weakly expressed. In the northern, northeastern and central regions of Thailand, 3 seasons are distinguished per year, depending on the amount of precipitation, in the southern regions – 2. In the east of the country, a special climate has formed with a fairly even distribution of precipitation throughout most of the year and with a sharp increase in September.

During the influence of the trade wind (from November to February), mild weather is established throughout the country. The average temperature in December, the coldest month, is +19 degrees in the north and +26 in the south. At the same time, during the daytime, the air in these areas warms up to +27 and +30, respectively. In winter, the night temperature in most of Thailand does not fall below +20; only the mountainous regions in the north are characterized by lower temperatures – in January they are +10: +12 degrees, and on some days the thermometer can drop to 0. The period from December to February in most of Thailand is the dry season. At this time, partly cloudy weather with light rains prevails; the average monthly rainfall does not exceed 40 – 50 mm. February is the driest month in the south.

Summer lasts from March to May in the northern, northeastern and central regions of the country. The sun burns already in the morning, and by noon the temperature reaches +32:+35 degrees. At night, the air cools down to +25. In April, precipitation becomes more intense, and in May the third season begins in these areas – the monsoon rainy season, which lasts until the end of October. Thunderstorms occur almost daily, but they quickly end, and after them the sun shines again brightly. Daytime temperatures during this period go down by 2 – 3 degrees. The maximum amount of precipitation occurs in September-October and is 230 – 250 mm.

In the south, the rainy season begins as early as March and lasts until January, with the maximum precipitation in different areas occurring at different times. In September-October it floods Phuket, in November-December – Koh Samui (more than 300 mm of precipitation falls per month) – At the same time, in the remaining months of the rainy season, the amount of precipitation exceeds 100 mm. The further south the territory is located, the shorter the dry season lasts. The hottest month is August, when in the daytime the air warms up to +32…34, and at night it cools down to +25.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit the central, eastern and northeastern regions of the country is from December to March, when the weather is dry with air temperatures from +24 to +26. It is best to go to Phuket in November – February, to Krabi – between November to April, on Koh Samui – from December to April.

Thailand Geography