Taiwan Geography and Climate

When the Portuguese in the XVI century. arrived on the island of Taiwan, they called it Formosa or Beautiful Island. It has retained its charm to the present, despite the fact that the economy and industry began to develop at an accelerated pace and Taiwan has become one of the most successful regions in Asia.

A lot of interesting things await you in Taiwan: sunny beaches, forested mountain peaks, sleepy quiet villages, temples and monuments – the legacy of the Chinese and Japanese eras mixed with high-rise city buildings that now grow even on the outskirts. Add to this the dazzling splendor of the festivals, the warm springs exuberant with their blooms and the fantastic local cuisine.

When choosing a time to travel to Taiwan, try to avoid major holidays and festivals. Most restaurants and shops are closed at this time, and hotels are crowded with tourists. If you prefer a beach holiday, then in the north of Taiwan the water is optimal for swimming from May to September, in the south – all year round. However, summers are hot, humid and rainy, so October and November are the “golden” times.

For sightseeing, it is better to choose December, January and February: it is not hot (+17…+19 during the day, +12…+14 at night) and less rainfall. Winter rains mostly come at night.

The official language of China is Chinese. Chinese does not have an alphabet; instead, hieroglyphs are used in writing. It should be remembered that the dialects in the provinces are so different from each other that often people from different provinces can understand each other only by writing a message, since the written version of Chinese is the same for everyone. Chinese dialects include Beijing, Zhejiang, Cantonese, and Fujian. In Taiwan Province, Beijing is spoken.

Geography in Taiwan

According to top-engineering-schools, the province of Taiwan includes 15 islands of the main group located in the Pacific Ocean, and 64 islands located in the Taiwan Strait, collectively called the Pescadores (the Chinese name is the Penghu Islands). The width of the Taiwan Strait ranges from 130 to 220 km. The largest of the islands, Taiwan, with an area of 36 thousand km 2, is the largest island belonging to China. Taiwan is bordered by the East China Sea in the north, the Pacific Ocean in the east, and the South China Sea in the south.

The main landform on the island of Taiwan is the Central Range (the Zhongyanshan Range), which runs along its entire territory somewhat east of the middle. Many peaks exceed 3000 m, and the highest of them is Mount Yushan (3997 m). To the west of the range are hilly plateaus and foothills, gradually lowering towards the flat coastal plain adjacent to the Taiwan Strait. In this part of the island there are numerous water streams. Of these, only two rivers reach a length of 160 km: the Zhoshuiqi River and the Xia Danshuiqi River.

The rest of the islands are mostly of volcanic origin and represent the tops of seamounts of the rift zone of the East Asian shelf, protruding above the surface of the ocean. The relief of most of them is rocky and elevated. Dongshatsyundao, Xishatsyundao and some other islands are of coral origin, therefore they are low and flat.

Climate in Taiwan

There are two types of climate in Taiwan: subtropical in the northern regions and tropical in the south. Summer, which lasts from May to September, is usually hot and humid, with daytime temperatures ranging from + 27 o C to + 35 o C. Winters, lasting from December to February, are short and mild. During the day the temperature reaches +18…+20 o C and drops to +12…+14 o C at night.

Rainfall varies greatly by season, area and altitude. In winter, the northeastern regions of the Central Range receive almost continuous rainfall, while the southwestern regions receive no more than 200 mm of rain. The average level of precipitation in the plains is about 2500 mm per year, in the mountains their amount reaches 5000 mm. The maximum rainfall occurs in summer. During this time, showers with thunderstorms are frequent. Snow falls only high in the mountains. Above 2000 m temperatures are on average 10 o C lower.

Best time to visit

When choosing a time to travel to Taiwan, try to avoid major holidays and festivals. Most restaurants and shops are closed at this time, and hotels are crowded with tourists. If you prefer a beach holiday, then in the north of Taiwan the water is optimal for swimming from May to September, in the south – all year round. However, summers are hot, humid and rainy, so October and November are the “golden” times.

For sightseeing, it is better to choose December, January and February: it is not hot (+17…+19 during the day, +12…+14 at night) and less rainfall. Winter rains mostly come at night.

Taiwan Geography

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