Sweden Geography and Climate

Sweden is the fifth largest country in Europe by area. It is elongated in the meridional direction, so the landscapes are very diverse when moving from north to south. The north of Sweden offers tourists opportunities for outdoor activities – ski resorts and National parks with numerous trails. The central part of the country abounds with ancient cities with castles and churches, and beach resorts are located in the south of Sweden and on the islands in the Baltic Sea.

The best time to go on vacation to Sweden is from May to August, when the weather is warm and dry. The ski season lasts from late November to May.

The official language of Sweden is Swedish, which belongs to the Germanic group of languages, and the staff speaks English and German well.

Geography in Sweden

According to top-engineering-schools, Sweden is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula and adjacent islands, the largest of which are Öland and Gotland. The country stretches from north to south for 1600 km, and its area is 450 thousand square meters. km. 15% of the country’s territory is located beyond the Arctic Circle. Sweden borders Norway to the west and Finland to the northeast. In the east it is washed by the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, in the southwest by the Kattegat Strait.

In the northwest, the Scandinavian mountains stretch, where the highest point in Sweden is located – Mount Kebnekaise (2111 m). In the central part of the country, plateaus and hilly plains predominate, which turn into lowlands in the south.

The rivers are not long, mostly mountainous. There are many canals, the most important is the Göta Canal, which connects lakes Vänern and Vättern, and also connects important industrial centers – Stockholm, Gothenburg, Jönköping – and many other cities of Central Sweden.

There are many lakes in Central Sweden, the largest are Vänern, Vättern, Elmaren and Mälaren. In the interfluves, there are mainly swampy areas.

Climate in Sweden

Sweden has a temperate climate. However, within the country, climatic conditions still differ due to its meridional elongation (the country extends from 69 degrees north latitude to 55 degrees north latitude) and the proximity of the Atlantic. The northern, western and eastern regions of Sweden are protected from the Atlantic winds by the Scandinavian mountains, so winters are colder and summers are short. It should also be noted that a small part in the north of the country is located outside the Arctic Circle, so the subarctic type of climate prevails here. In the south-west of Sweden from Gothenburg to Malmö and on the islands in the Baltic, climatic conditions are moderated by warm Atlantic winds. Winters are warmer here, and summers are longer, but rainy.

In the north of Sweden in winter, daytime temperatures rarely rise above -13..-15 degrees, and at night frosts reach -20..-22 degrees. In summer time in this region about 15..17 degrees of heat is observed during the day, and 5..7 degrees of heat at night. In the east of the country in summer during the daytime, the average temperature ranges from +18 to +20 degrees, at night – from +8 to +10 degrees. In winter, during the day, the air warms up to -5 degrees, and at night it cools down to -15 degrees. The warmest regions of Sweden (the west and the islands in the Baltic Sea) are characterized by milder winters – during the day the air temperature is about 0 degrees, at night – from -3 to -1 degrees. In summer, during the daytime, the air warms up to 22 degrees Celsius, and at night the temperature drops to 13 degrees Celsius.

The average annual rainfall ranges from 700 mm on the western coast of Southern Sweden to 500 mm in the northern regions, up to 2000 mm in the mountains. The greatest amount of precipitation is observed at the end of summer (in September, about 80 mm of precipitation falls on the southwestern coast, 60 mm in the east and north), the least – from February to April (an average of about 30 mm per month).

Best time to visit: The best time to visit
Sweden is between May and August when the weather is warm and dry. The ski season lasts from late November to May.

ECOTOURISM

The territory of Sweden stretches for many kilometers from north to south, so here you can find a wide variety of landscapes with the same diverse nature. The government of the starny treats nature very carefully, the first 9 national parks of the country were created in 1909 and became the first in Europe. Now among the tourists coming here, ecotourism is becoming more and more popular, which includes visiting and hiking in national parks. The most famous national parks in Sweden are Abisko, Padyelanta, Muddus, Sarek, all of them are located in Lapland in the very north of the country. Padjelanta and Sarek are the largest parks in Sweden, the area of each of them exceeds 200 thousand hectares, of which 90% are occupied by mountains. There are about 400 species of plants in Padielanta National Park, as well as a wide variety of animals, which is not typical for mountainous areas. Sarek National Park presents more than 200 mountains to tourists, the height of which exceeds 1800 m. 13 of the highest points of the country are located here. For lovers of hiking, Sarek is ideal, but its trails are very difficult and close to climbing, especially since there are no campsites in Sarek, so experienced tourists are recommended to visit it. Here you can meet such animals as bears, lynxes, wolverines, elks. In Abisko National Park, there is a deep crevasse that rises up from Lake Thornetrask. This place is one of the most popular for “winter” tourists, aspiring to see the northern lights with their own eyes. Muddus National Park is almost entirely occupied by dense forests and swamps, and the swamps around Lake Muddusjärvi are home to a large number of bird species. The Djuru National Park, which is located on 30 islets in the very center of Lake Vanern, is very interesting. It is reached exclusively by rented boats.

The Southern National Parks are worth visiting in the spring, when flowers begin to bloom in the forests. There is even a national park in the capital of Sweden – this is the “Royal Ecological Park”, which became the world’s first urban national park. It is a vast natural massif with diverse flora and fauna.

Sweden Geography

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