Sri Lanka Geography and Climate

Sri Lanka is an ancient country known throughout the world as Ceylon. The pride of the island is vast tea plantations and endless rice fields. Deep traditions of the local population and at the same time freedom of religion, numerous sacred relics and temples (mostly Buddhist) attract many pilgrims here. Tourists travel to Sri Lanka to see a colorful world full of exotic, enjoy nature and swim in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean.

The west and south coasts are best visited from December to March, on the east coast favorable conditions are observed from May to September.

The state language is Sinhala. In the north and east of the country, Tamil is also the official language. Almost the entire population understands English and can speak it.

Geography in Sri Lanka

According to top-engineering-schools, Sri Lanka is an island located in the Indian Ocean north of the equator south of the Indian subcontinent. It is separated from India by the Manara and Polk Straits. The area of the country is about 65 thousand square meters. km. In the center of the southern part of the island is the Central Mountain Range, the highest point of which is Mount Pidurutalagala (2524 m). Small rivers flow from the mountains to the coasts – Mahaweli (the longest river), Kelani, Kalu and Aruvi-Aru. The coast is mostly lowland.

Climate in Sri Lanka

In the north and east of the country the climate is subequatorial, in the south and west – equatorial. In Sri Lanka, a fairly even annual temperature variation is observed throughout the territory. The hottest month is April, when daytime temperatures reach +32..+34 degrees, the coolest month is December – +28..+30 degrees. At night, the air temperature does not fall below +19 degrees. In mountainous areas, above 1500 m, it is cooler: during the day the air warms up to +19..+21 degrees, at night it can be around +9..+11 degrees. Most precipitation falls on the western coast of the island (annual precipitation exceeds 5000 mm). The main rains are from May to October. In the north and east of the country, the rainy season is from November to January. In total, in this part of Sri Lanka, from 1500 to 2000 mm of precipitation falls annually.

The temperature of sea water during the year has a temperature of +26..+28 degrees.

Best time to visit:
The west and south coasts are best visited from December to March, while the east coast has favorable conditions from May to September.

Types of Tourism in Sri Lanka


All the country’s beaches are municipal. The main resorts are located south of Colombo, these are Mount Lavinia, Bentota, Beruwala and Hikkaduwa. Mount Lavinia is the oldest resort in Sri Lanka, which still attracts many tourists with its beaches. There are quite strong undercurrents here, so it is not recommended to swim far. Bentota is famous for its outdoor theater, where colorful performances take place in the evenings. In the resort of Hikkaduwa, which is located 87 km from Colombo, many hotels and restaurants. There is a coral reserve here – this is a coral reef located parallel to the coast. Coastal waters are a great place for diving, snorkeling and surfing. In Hikkaduwa, the International Surfing Association was even formed.


Almost all resorts in Sri Lanka have excellent diving opportunities. For example, in Bentota there is a large water sports center and a scuba diving club “Confifi Marina”. The main directions of divers in Sri Lanka are visiting underwater rocks, grottoes and sunken ships.


Exotic fish fishing is popular on the southern coast of Negombo.


IN Sri Lanka there are 4 national parks. Ruhunu National Park is located in the south of the country in the province of Yalla. Here you can see flamingos, pelicans, cormorants, herons, pheasants, wild buffaloes, elephants, leopards, bears, crocodiles and monkeys. In addition, there are parks Villatu, Udawalawe and Bundala. The country is home to Asia’s largest natural reserve, Habarana, and the Sinharaja Reserve, located in the southwest of Sri Lanka, is the last surviving area of primary rainforest on the island. More than 60% of endemic trees grow here, many of which are listed in the Red Book. In addition to plants, rare animals and birds are protected in the park.


Before visiting Ruhunu Park in the nearby city of Tissamaharama, you can rent a jeep with a driver to take you around these scenic spots.


Excursion program in Sri Lanka is quite diverse. The country has many historical sights, Buddhist temples and holy places, here you will see the famous tea plantations and get acquainted with the rich flora and fauna of the tropical forests.

Sri Lanka Geography