South Korea Geography and Climate

South Korea is one of the most developed countries in Southeast Asia in terms of tourism. It offers recreation for every taste. Numerous protected areas of the country are suitable for lovers of ecotourism and hiking, ancient Buddhist monasteries lost in the mountains, as well as cultural and historical monuments of the cities of the republic will be of interest to lovers of cognitive recreation, sandy beaches of the pearl of South Korea – the Jeju Islands – will not leave indifferent lovers of both beach holidays, as well as diving or surfing.

The most favorable weather conditions in South Korea are observed from June to October. The largest number of tourists come to the country in July-August (beach season) and for the New Year holidays. At this time, the main recreation areas are overcrowded, and in the summer, in addition to tourists, local residents also rest at the resorts. The ski season lasts from December to March.

The official language of South Korea is Korean.

Geography in South Korea

According to top-engineering-schools, the Republic of Korea is located in East Asia in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The area of the country is 99.6 thousand square meters. km. In the north of the Republic of Korea, along the 38th parallel, there is a demarcation line (demilitarized zone), along which the border with North Korea runs. From the east, the country is washed by the waters of the Sea of Japan, from the south and southeast – by the waters of the Korea Strait, from the west – by the waters of the Yellow Sea.

Most of the country’s territory is occupied by the ridges of the East Korean mountains. They stretched along the east coast and in the central part of the Republic of Korea. The average height of the mountains is 1000-1500 m. The East Korean mountains come close to the east coast, forming a rocky coastline. The highest point on the mainland is Mt. Chiri-san (1915 m), and the highest point of the Republic of Korea is on Jeju Island – Mt. Halla-san (1950 m). Jeju Island is of volcanic origin and is the largest island in South Korea. It is located in the Korea Strait along with several thousand other islands belonging to the country. In the western part of South Korea flat areas stretched along the coast.

The main water arteries of the state are the Naktong-gan (525 m) and Khan-gan (514 m) rivers. The capital of the country, the city of Seoul, stands on the Han-gan River.

Climate in South Korea

The northern part of South Korea is dominated by a temperate monsoonal climate type, while the southern part is subtropical monsoonal. In the mountainous regions in the east of the Republic of Korea, more severe weather conditions are observed. Here, at altitudes of about 1000 m in the summer, during the daytime, the air warms up to +25..+27 degrees, and at night it cools down to 13..15 degrees. In winter, during the day, the air temperature fluctuates around 0 degrees, and at night it is -10..-8 degrees. In the flat areas in the northwestern part of South Korea, August daytime temperatures reach +30 degrees, and nighttime temperatures reach 22 degrees. In January, daytime air temperatures are +2..+4 degrees, night – 4..6 degrees below zero. The climate of the southern part of the country is milder. Here, in the flat areas, daytime air temperatures in August are +28..+30 degrees, and nighttime temperatures are +23.. +25 degrees. In winter, during the daytime, the air warms up to +8..+10 degrees, at night it cools down to -1..+1 degrees. There are almost no frosts on Jeju Island.

In the mountains, on the southern and western coasts, as well as on the islands belonging to South Korea, up to 2000 mm of precipitation falls annually, on the east coast – up to 1500 mm. The greatest number of them falls in the summer (between June and September) along with the monsoons that come to the mainland. In autumn, Pacific typhoons can pass off the coast of the country, which cause stormy weather, but most often they are observed only off the coast of Jeju Island.

Best time to visit:
The most favorable weather conditions in South Korea are observed from June to October. The largest number of tourists come to the country in July-August (beach season) and for the New Year holidays. At this time, the main places of recreation are overcrowded, and in the summer, in addition to tourists, local residents also rest at the resorts. The ski season lasts from December to March.

South Korea Geography