Slovenia Geography and Climate

Slovenia is a very versatile country. Tourism began to develop here relatively recently. The northern part of the country attracts skiers with snowy Alpine peaks; river valleys, forest expanses and magnificent lakes will impress nature lovers; ancient cities with medieval castles and churches and small villages keep the history of European civilization, and the cities of the Adriatic coast are imbued with the spirit of Venice and Italian culture.

It is better to relax in the ski resorts of Slovenia from December to March, to go sightseeing – in the spring and in September, on the lakes the weather is good from June to September. In July and August there is an influx of tourists, especially on the coast.

The official language is Slovenian. On the Adriatic coast, many locals speak Italian.

Geography in Slovenia

According to top-engineering-schools, Slovenia is located in the northwest of the Balkan Peninsula in the eastern part of the Alps. This is one of the smallest countries in Europe, it covers an area of about 20 thousand square meters. km. Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the east and Croatia to the south. A small area in the west of the country is washed by the waters of the Adriatic Sea. The relief of the northern and northwestern part of the country is mountainous, the highest point belongs to the Julian Alps – Mount Triglav (2864 m). In the south of Slovenia, there is the Karst plateau with karst fields, where, due to the destructive processes of limestone rocks, numerous lakes were formed. A tributary of the Danube, the Sava River, flows through the country.

Climate in Slovenia

The climate in Slovenia is temperate continental. There are slight differences in the climate of the highlands, the eastern part of the country and the Adriatic coast.

In the north-west, in mountainous areas, in summer daytime temperatures are kept at +20..+22 degrees, at night there are 6..8 degrees of heat, the winter here is quite cold: during the day the air warms up to +2..+4 degrees. Most precipitation falls in autumn, in October – up to 250 mm, in general, up to 3000 mm of precipitation falls annually. At ski resorts at altitudes of more than 1500 m during the season (December to April), during the day the air temperature reaches 0 degrees, at night it can drop to -9 degrees.

In the central and eastern plains in summer, temperatures are quite high during the day – +25 degrees, at night – about 15 degrees Celsius. In winter, during the daytime, the air temperature does not fall below 0 degrees, at night there are slightly negative temperatures from -3 to -1 degrees. It rains mainly in early summer and late autumn, this region is characterized by the least amount of precipitation within Slovenia, up to 700 mm falls per year.

The climate is mild on the Adriatic coast. In summer, during the daytime, the air temperature rises to +24 degrees, in winter – up to +6 degrees, from 150 to 200 mm of precipitation falls monthly. In the summer months, sea water warms up to +22..+24 degrees.

Best time to visit

It is better to relax in the ski resorts of Slovenia from December to March, to go sightseeing – in the spring and in September, on the lakes the weather is good from June to September. In July and August there is an influx of tourists, especially on the coast.

History in Slovenia

The territory of Slovenia began to be settled from the 6th century. Slavic tribes settled in the river valleys, and in 626 they created the state of Great Carantania. At the end of the 8th century, power in this region passed to the Bavarians and Franks, and the country became part of the Frankish state. For several centuries, various states disposed of Carantia, it was repeatedly subjected to Napoleonic occupation. By the end of the 19th century, constant attacks, a change of rulers and the general fragmentation of the people led to the emergence of national movements for the unification of the Slavs. In 1918, Slovenia became part of the united Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which in 1945 became known as Yugoslavia. In October 1991, Slovenia declared itself an independent state, and since 1992 it has officially gained independence.

Slovenia Geography