Slovakia Geography and Climate

Slovakia can offer tourists excellent conditions for winter and summer holidays. The country’s ski resorts are in no way inferior to French or Austrian ones – the level of service is quite high, but the prices here are much lower. The region of the Slovak Tatras is considered one of the most ecologically clean in all of Europe – pine forests, fresh air and beautiful landscapes will help you recuperate and even heal some ailments. In addition, many mineral thermal springs have been discovered in Slovakia, on the basis of which sick centers were formed, which have grown into entire resorts. Curious tourists will also have something to see – the original architecture of Slovak cities, mysterious medieval castles and various caves.

The best time to visit Slovakia is in May, June and September. The ski season lasts from November to March.

The state language is Slovak, Hungarian and Czech are common, in tourist areas – English and German.

Geography in Slovakia

According to top-engineering-schools, Slovakia is located in Eastern Europe. The area of the country is 49 thousand square meters. km. In the north it borders on Poland, in the east – on Ukraine, in the south – on Hungary, in the west – on Austria and the Czech Republic. Most of the territory is located at 750 m above sea level. The mountains of the Carpathians stretch in the north and northeast of the country. The highest point in Slovakia, and at the same time in Poland, is Gerlakhovski Shtit (2655 meters). In the southeast are the East Slavatskaya and South Slavatskaya lowlands, there is also the Danube lowland. The Danube flows along the border with Hungary.

Climate in Slovakia

The climate in Slovakia is temperate continental. It is warmest in the Danube Lowland, which is located east of Bratislava. In July and August, daytime temperatures reach here +27 degrees, and at night there is about 15 degrees of heat. In winter, light frosts occur at night – up to -4 degrees, and during the day the temperature is above 0 (+2..+4 degrees). In the east of the country, in summer the air warms up to +22..+24 degrees, and in winter – up to 0 degrees. In the climate of Slovakia, altitudinal zonation is well expressed. At altitude in the mountains during the ski season during the day the air temperature can be from -6 to -4 degrees, at night it drops to -10 degrees. The largest amount of precipitation is also observed here – 1600-2100 mm per year with a maximum in summer (about 200 mm per month), and the snow cover lasts up to 4-5 months. In the flat areas of precipitation falls 450-700 mm per year,

Best time to visit: The best time to visit Slovakia is in May, June and September. The ski season lasts from November to March.

History in Slovakia

The slopes of the Carpathians began to be inhabited by people from about the 5th century AD. e. In the 9th century, the locals were converted to Christianity. After the fierce attacks of the Hungarians in the 10th century, the territory of present-day Slovakia became part of their possessions. The economic development of the country fell on the Middle Ages – new cities began to be built and trade was conducted with neighboring states. In 1526, the Kingdom of Hungary was defeated in the war with the Turks and Slovakia came under the rule of the Habsburgs. Over the years, the indigenous people were forced to speak either German or Hungarian, and by the 18th century, the Slovak patriotic movement began to grow stronger. After the First World War in 1918, the Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed, which was declared united and indivisible. Thus, the two peoples – Czechs and Slovaks – had to live together and become one nation. Dissatisfied residents began to found extremist movements that demanded the independence of peoples from each other. It was not until 1968, under the rule of the Communist Party, that a constitution was adopted that established a federal state in Czechoslovakia. In 1989, communist rule was interrupted, and after numerous reforms, on January 1, 1993, 2 independent states were formed – the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In 2004 Slovakia became a member of NATO. On January 1, 1993, 2 independent states were formed – the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In 2004 Slovakia became a member of NATO. On January 1, 1993, 2 independent states were formed – the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In 2004 Slovakia became a member of NATO.

Slovakia Geography