Singapore Geography and Climate

Singapore has many faces – ultra-modern skyscrapers coexist here with corners of the times of colonization. Most of the cultural attractions are located in the capital, especially in the colonial center and ethnic quarters. Despite the fact that Singapore is a large industrial and urban center, natural resources are carefully preserved in numerous parks. Among them, the National Park, Jurong Bird Park, Mandai Orchid Park should be highlighted. A characteristic difference of Singapore from other Asian cities is its absolute cleanliness, grooming and order. To all this, it is worth adding the breathtaking spectacles of numerous bright national and religious holidays of different peoples of Asia.

Since the climate of Singapore is almost the same throughout the year, you can choose any time to travel. However, it should be borne in mind that during the period from November to February, heavy rains fall on the country. Travel time is best timed to coincide with some festival, of which there are a great many in Singapore.

The official languages in Singapore are Malay, Chinese, Indian (Tamil) and English. The Malay language is given the status of the state language, English is the language of office work and interethnic communication. The majority of Singapore’s population is bilingual and speaks English in addition to their mother tongue.

Geography in Singapore

According to top-engineering-schools, the city-state of Singapore is located on the island of the same name and adjacent small islands. There are more than 50 islands in total, the largest among them is Sentosa Island. Singapore is separated from Malaysia by the Strait of Johor, through which a dam was built, and from Indonesia by the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Singapore Square┬áis 581 sq. km. Its length from west to east is 42 km, and from north to south – 23 km. About 40% of the territory is occupied by park areas, reserves, plantations and forests. Almost half of the land has the status of residential, commercial and industrial value. The relief of the island is flat, there are no places exceeding 180 m in height. The coastal areas are low-lying, often marshy. The southwestern shores have coral reefs. The Kalang and Singapore┬árivers flow through the island.

Climate in Singapore

Singapore belongs to the tropical monsoon climate. The annual course of temperature is even, without clearly defined maxima and minima. The average monthly air temperature ranges from +25.7 in December to +27.5 in May. At the same time, during the daytime, the air warms up to +30:32, and at night it cools down to +20:23.

There is no dry season in Singapore. The amount of precipitation in any month exceeds 140 mm, and the most intense rains occur during the period from November to January. About 2500 mm of precipitation falls per year. Their maximum number (about 300 mm) occurs in December, the minimum (140 mm) – in June. Downpours fall unexpectedly, but also end quickly. Thunderstorms are frequent, the largest number occurs in May and averages 19 days per month.

The climate of Singapore is characterized by high humidity. In the morning, its value is about 90%, and by the middle of the day it decreases to 70-75%.

Best time to visit:
Since the climate of Singapore is almost the same throughout the year, you can choose to visit any time. However, it should be borne in mind that during the period from November to February, heavy rains fall on the country. Travel time is best timed to coincide with some festival, of which there are a great many in Singapore.

Types of Tourism in Singapore

Beach.

The beach holiday area in Singapore is Sentosa Island. There are white sand beaches stretching for 3 km. They provide opportunities for practicing a variety of water sports. You can stay at a campsite, a hotel or a luxury hotel.

You can take a ferry from Singapore to Bintan Island. In the north of the island, a resort area with white sandy beaches and first-class hotels was created under a joint project of Singapore and Indonesia. Everything here is Singaporean-style clean, and the staff is courteous and friendly. For a great holiday there are all conditions – hectares of tropical jungle, lush gardens, spa treatments, sports grounds. The water in the Strait of Malacca is very clean and warm all year round and cools only after the rains. In Bintan, everyone will find something to their liking: various water sports, golf courses, bike rental, exciting hiking. The island is a duty free zone.

Excursions.

The main objects of the excursion program in Singapore are the city itself with numerous cultural attractions, shopping districts and parks and the nearby island of Sentosa.

Shopping.

Singapore is a Mecca for shoppers. Inexpensive but high-quality electrical appliances, textiles, perfumes, cosmetics and, of course, orchids, which glorified this city as a “paradise of golden orchids”, are especially popular. The best time for shopping is from May to July. This is the time of the final sales (“Great Singapore Sale”), when prices are low, but, despite this, the goods are of very high quality. During eight weeks of worldwide sales, discounts on some products reach 80%! Moreover, such giants as Sony, Apple, Gucci and Chanel participate in the trade.

Singapore Geography