Science and Culture of Palestine

According to topschoolsintheusa, the Palestine has developed a fairly developed system of education, which includes primary school education, secondary schools, universities, colleges, institutes and vocational schools. In the 2002/03 school year, there were 1,493 general education schools (primary and preparatory levels) maintained by the Palestine administration, 244 private schools and 269 UNWRA-run schools in refugee camps in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. All these schools had 984,000 students compared to 663,000 in 1995/96. According to the first census conducted by the Palestine administration in 1997, a total of 90% of Palestinians are covered by the education system. A wide network of school institutions provides a high degree of literacy of the population of the Palestinian territories, which, according to some estimates, is more than 70%.

The training of teaching staff for schools of the 1st and 2nd levels, as well as specialists in various fields of knowledge, is carried out in higher educational institutions of the Palestinian Autonomy: at the universities of Bir-Zeit (near Ramallah), An-Najah, in the institutes and colleges of Gaza – Jenin, Nablus, East Jerusalem and other large Palestinian cities. A large number of Palestinian students receive education abroad: in Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, in European countries, incl. in Russia. On April 21, 1998, an agreement was signed in Ramallah between the Ministry of General and Vocational Education of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Higher Education of the Palestine on cooperation in the field of education for 1998-2002. In total, approx. 1.5 thousand Palestinian specialists with higher education, incl. candidates and doctors of sciences. Among the Palestinians who have graduated from universities over the past 20 years, St. 60% – specialists in the humanitarian and social fields, 36% – engineers, specialists in agriculture, medicine.

The contemporary literature of Arab Palestine consists mainly of the works of a new generation of Palestinian writers and poets. The most prominent representatives of this generation are: Mahmoud Dervish, an outstanding Palestinian poet, laureate of the Lotus International Literary Prize (a cycle of poems “Songs of my Little Motherland”, a poem “Poems by the Reflection of a Shot”), poets Samih al-Kasem, Muin Bsisu. Writers and poets of the older generation – Abu Salma, Taufik Zayyad, Emil Habibi. The works of Palestinian writers have been published in Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, in European countries, incl. in the Soviet Union and Russia.

In recent years, fine arts, especially painting and graphics, have taken a prominent place in the culture of Arab Palestine. The most famous Palestinian artists are: Ismail Shammut (paintings “The Good Land”, “Women from Palestine”), Tamam al-Akhal, Tawfik Abdulal, Abded Myty Abu Zeid, Samir Salama (paintings “Palestinian Refugee Camp”, “Peace and War”, “People’s Resistance”). The works of the artist Ibrahim Ghanem, who is rightly called “the artist of the Palestinian village”, enjoy wide popularity among the Palestinian population. In his paintings, he shows the usual daily work of fellah peasants, their traditional customs and rituals, colorful costumes and dances, landscapes of Palestinian villages filled with sunlight. The painter subtly conveys this deep feeling of his native land and the customs of its people in the compositions “Dancing in the Village Square”, “Harvest”, “Rural Landscape”. The life and work of peasants and townspeople are shown just as sincerely and soulfully in the canvases of the artists Jumarani al-Husseini (“Olive Picking Season”), Leyla ash-Shawwa (“Village Women”), Ibrahim Hazim (“Girls”).

Cinematographers make a significant contribution to the development of the national culture of Palestine. Among the works of young Palestinian filmmakers are Chronicle of Disappearance and Divine Intervention (dir. Elijah Seleyman, 2002), Invasion (dir. Nizar Hassan), Chronicle of the Siege (dir. Samir Abdullah, working in France), documentary Mohammed Bakri’s film Jenin (2002), Ran’s Wedding (dir. Hani Abu Asad, Palestine-Netherlands, 2002) and a number of other films.

The modern national fine art of Palestine is characterized by the desire of the new generation of artists to have close ties with the masses, to unite the creative forces of the older generation of masters who are in exile (in Syria, Lebanon, Egypt), with young artists who have recently come to art and live in the Palestinian territories. autonomy. These new tendencies towards the unification of all the creative forces of writers and fine arts on the territory of the autonomy and the Palestinian diaspora contribute to the preservation of the national community and unity of the Palestinian people in the face of the hard trials and upheavals that have befallen them.

Education of Palestine