Saint Lucia Sights, UNESCO, Climate and Geography

According to wholevehicles, Saint Lucia is aindependent island nation in the Caribbean belonging to the Windward Islands. Saint Lucia has been an independent country since 1979 but still has the head of the British Monarchy as the official head of state. Before the Europeans showed themselves in this area, the island had been inhabited by the Arawaks for many hundreds of years. These Indians lived on many islands in the Caribbean, large parts of South America and Central America. Europeans first set foot here at the end of the fifteenth century. It is not entirely clear when this was exactly. It is the Spaniards who first claim the island in 1511. Several countries, including the Netherlands, tried to set up a trading post there, but were always chased away. The Dutch were the first to succeed at the current town of Vieux Fort. After this, the island was claimed by both the French and the English. It was the French who built the first permanent settlement owned by Europeans on the island. The island was mainly used for the cultivation of sugar cane. Many slaves were brought to the island for this. In the centuries that followed, the island was fiercely fought over between the British and the French. In total, the island changed hands thirteen times. The last time in 1814, after which the British took control of the island. Slavery was finally abolished on the island in 1834. Not long after, the island was added to the British Windward Islands and Saint Lucia was governed from Barbados and later from Granada. In 1958 the island became part of the West Indies Federation and eventually from 1967 to get a large part of its own administration. Since 1979, Saint Lucia has been an independent country that is part of the Commonwealth of Nations.

The economy of the country mainly depends on tourism and agriculture. In the interior of Saint Lucia, bananas, mangoes, cocoa beans and avocados are grown, among other things. Most tourists who visit the island dock here with a cruise ship and stay on the island for a few days. More than 300,000 tourists visit the island every year.

Sights

The main attraction of Saint Lucia is probably its pleasant climate. Most tourists come to the island to enjoy the tropical climate that prevails on the island. In addition, they also come for the beautiful beaches and the special landscape of the island. Particular attractions on the island include Sulfur Springs, the Diamond Falls Botanical Gardens, the Pitons, and Pigeon Island National Park, which is located on an island off the coast. Of course there are the towns of Soufriére and Castries which are particularly popular with tourists. These cities are also the ports of call for the many cruise ships that sail in this area. Most tourists who visit Saint Lucia do so on a cruise.

The jungle of Saint Lucia is also worth a visit. During your visit to the interior you will encounter a unique flora and fauna in addition to many plantations. Bats, iguanas, agoutis, southern opossums and all kinds of special bird species live here, including the Saint Lucia Amazon, which is the national symbol of the island. In the seas around the island you can find dolphins, llamas and marlins.

UNESCO

Saint Lucia has one inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List. This concerns the Pitons management area. The Pitons are two volcanic plugs, each more than 700 meters high. The plugs are located in the southwestern part of Saint Lucia. Both plugs can be found on the flag of Saint Lucia.

Climate

Saint Lucia has a tropical monsoon climate with a lot of precipitation throughout the year. Normally, the period between June and November is the wettest period of the year. Tropical storms and hurricanes can also occur here during this period. The other months of the year also have a lot of precipitation, but in the other months there will be a lot less precipitation than during the rainy season. The high rainfall and high temperatures mean that the average humidity on Saint Lucia is quite high. Fortunately, the ever-present sea breeze can provide the necessary cooling. Precipitation is not evenly distributed on Saint Lucia. The mountains and hills on the island have a lot of influence on the amount of precipitation that falls on certain parts.

The average daytime temperature is around thirty degrees Celsius throughout the year. In the evening and night it will cool down by about six degrees. You can leave your sweater at home while visiting Saint Lucia. The solar power on the island is quite high and it is therefore wise to take a high factor sunscreen with you during your trip.

The best time to travel to Saint Lucia is at the beginning of the year. The months of January to April offer the best weather. There can always be a shower, but the sunny weather dominates.

Geography

Saint Lucia is an island in the Caribbean that belongs to the Windward Islands, sometimes also called the Lesser Antilles. The island can be found north of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and south of Martinique. To the west of the island is the Caribbean Sea and to the north the Atlantic Ocean. The island is not too big and has a total area of ​​161 square kilometers. In total, the coastline of the island is 158 kilometers long. In addition to the main island, a large number of smaller islands belong to the country. The vast majority of this is uninhabited. The most famous island belonging to Saint Lucia is Pigeon Island. This island is connected to the main island by a bridge. A national park can now be found on this island.

The highest point on the island is Mount Gimie at 950 meters. This mountain is found in the densely vegetated interior of Saint Lucia. On the southwest coast of the island are the World Heritage-listed Pitons. The various fertile valleys can be found between the different mountains in the interior. Bananas are mainly grown here. The many small and large rivers run between these plantations, which carry the large amount of rainwater from the higher inland areas to the sea and the ocean.

The largest town on Saint Lucia is the capital Castries, other notable places on the island are Soufriére, Gros Islet and Vieux Fort.

Travel advice

There are no special security risks for a trip to Saint Lucia. There is little or no serious crime and there are areas that are specifically unsafe. However, tropical storms and hurricanes can occur from June to November. During this period it is wise to keep a close eye on the weather reports and to follow the directions of the local government closely. There is no Dutch embassy in Saint Lucia. The closest can be found in the city of port of Spain in Trinidad and Tobago.

Travel documents

To visit Saint Lucia you must be in possession of a passport that is valid for at least six months on the day of arrival. In addition, you must be in possession of a return or onward ticket. If you want to stay in Saint Lucia for more than 28 days, you will have to apply for a visa at the immigration office. There are mandatory inoculations or vaccinations when you visit the island. Only if you have been to an area where there is yellow fever are you obliged to have taken a vaccination against it.

Info table

Capital city castries
Phone (country code) 1-758
Internet domain .lc
Language(s) (official) English
Language(s) (colloquial) English, Creole, Spanish and French
Religion(s) Roman Catholic
Time zone(s) UTC-4
Time difference summer In Saint Lucia it is 6 hours earlier than in the Netherlands
Time difference winter In Saint Lucia it is 5 hours earlier than in the Netherlands
Daylight Saving Time Control no
Currencies East Caribbean Dollar

Saint Lucia Sights