Romania is the birthplace of the famous Vlad Tepes, who is considered the very bloodthirsty Dracula from Bram Stoker’s book. Dracula’s Castle is the most popular place in the country where any tourist wants to go. Holidays in Romania are very diverse. Here you can go hiking in the mountains and join the wild nature, you can travel along the Danube Delta, bird watching, you can get acquainted with the culture of the Romanian people, visiting ancient cities and medieval castles, you can improve your health in local balneological centers, which are based on mineral springs, considered one of the best in Europe, or you can just lie on the Black Sea coast, sunbathe and swim.
Beach resorts are especially good from May to October, when the water is warm. The ski season lasts from December to March. It is better to go on city tours in spring or autumn, when it is not so hot, and there is less rainfall, and to travel in the mountains – in August or September.
The official language of Romania is Romanian, which was formed by converting the Latin language. Hungarian and German are also common, in tourist areas the staff speaks English and French.
Geography in Romania
According to top-engineering-schools, Romania is located in the southeastern part of Europe. The area of the country is 237.5 thousand square meters. km. Romania is bordered to the north by Ukraine, to the northeast by the Republic of Moldova, to the west by Hungary and Serbia, and to the south by Bulgaria. The southeastern part of Romania is washed by the waters of the Black Sea.
From the north of Romania in a south-westerly direction, the Eastern Carpathians stretch in the shape of a horseshoe. From east to west, the Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians), the highest point of Romania, stretched through the center of Romania – Mount Moldovyanu (2544 m) – located here. These mountain systems in the form of a semicircle divide the country into 2 parts. In the western part, Transylvania is located with rolling plains and the Middle Danubian lowland at the very border of Romania. The eastern part is also hilly, most of it is swampy, and in the very south the Lower Danube Plain extends.
The main water artery of Romania is the Danube River. The length of the Danube in the country is 1089 km, and its total length is 2850 km. At the confluence with the Black Sea, the Danube forms a vast delta. The Mures, Prut, Olt and Siresh rivers are tributaries of the Danube.
Romania can be divided into 4 historical regions – Transylvania (in the north-west of the country), Wallachia (in the south between the Carpathians and the Danube), Moldova (in the east between the Eastern Carpathians and the Prut River), Bukovina (in the north of the country) and Northern Dobruja (on the coast Black Sea).
Climate in Romania
Almost the entire territory of Romania is dominated by a moderately continental type of climate, only in the southeast of the country near the Black Sea coast – a temperate-marine type of climate. The coldest month of the year is January, in the daytime the air warms up to 2..4 degrees Celsius, and at night it cools down to -4..-6 degrees. The hottest month is July – daytime temperatures often reach 27..29 degrees Celsius, and about 16 degrees Celsius at night. In the maritime type of climate in the east of the country, winters are milder and summers are not so hot. For example, in January in Constanta during the day the air temperature rises to +4..+6 degrees, at night it drops to -2 degrees, in July during the day the air warms up to +24..+26 degrees, and at night it is about 18 degrees of heat.
During the year, up to 700 mm of precipitation falls on the plains, less than 400 mm on the coast, and up to 1500 mm in the mountains. The wettest months are May, June and July.
Best time to visit:
The beach resorts are especially good between May and October when the water is warm. The ski season lasts from December to March. It is better to go on city tours in spring or autumn, when it is not so hot, and there is less rainfall, and to travel in the mountains – in August or September.
There are 13 national parks and more than 500 nature reserves in the country. The most popular area for ecotourists is the Danube Delta region, which is located 70 km north of Constanta. This is a swampy area with many channels and oxbow lakes with an area of about 6 thousand square meters. km. In 1990, this area was recognized by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve. Here you can see more than 280 species of birds, of which about 180 species nest in this region, while the rest arrive here from all over Europe. One of the largest reed fields in Europe is also located here. Steamboats go along the small tributaries of the Danube, you can also make rafting or kayaking along them. The Retezat National Park is located in the western part of Romania.. It was created in 1935, making it the oldest national park in the country. The area of the park is 54,400 hectares. In the lower part of the park there are deep narrow valleys, and the upper part consists of a glacial plateau with more than 80 glacial lakes. Here grows the only large intact mixed forest in Europe with a variety of plant and animal species such as brown bear, wolf, lynx, wild cat, wild boar, roe deer, red deer and chamois, badger and otter. Rodninsky National Park is located in the north of the Eastern Carpathians. The area of the park is 56,700 hectares. Rock formations found here belong to the Precambrian or Paleozoic periods. Endemic species of plants, as well as relict glacial species, grow on the territory of the national park. Of the large predators, there are lynx, brown bear and wolf, of birds – black grouse, capercaillie and eagle.
Excursion program in Romania is quite diverse. It includes visits to ancient cities, medieval castles, monasteries, ancient Roman settlements, as well as mountain regions with wildlife and, of course, a tour of the Danube Delta.