Palau Geography and Climate

The Republic of Palau is known throughout the world for its rich underwater world and is one of the world’s recognized centers for diving. The islands located in the Pacific Ocean attract tourists from all over the world. Here you can have a great rest on secluded small coral islands, or go to large volcanic islands with numerous resort complexes. The Republic of Palau offers not only beach holidays and diving, but also has a rich excursion program, covering natural attractions, the ruins of ancient civilizations and military installations from the Second World War.

In Palau, it is best to relax in the spring months – in February or March, at this time the least amount of precipitation falls.

The official languages of Palau are English and Palau (Belau). English is used in business and politics, while Belau is used in everyday communication. Both languages are taught in schools. Languages such as Sonsorales, Angavre, Tobi and Japanese are also common, and on some islands they are official and replace the Palau language.

Geography in Palau

According to top-engineering-schools, the Republic of Palau is located in the western Pacific Ocean in the Philippine Sea on more than 300 islands of the Caroline Archipelago, which is part of Micronesia. Only 9 islands of the country are inhabited. The Philippines is located 800 km west of Palau. The Palau group of islands stretches from north to south for 640 km, the total area of \u200b\u200bthe country is 458 square meters. km. The main and largest islands of Palau are Babeltuap, with an area of ​​​​about 400 square meters. km, the capital of the country is located on it; Koror and Peleliu. They are of volcanic origin and represent the peaks of an oceanic ridge formed at the junction of tectonic plates. This region of the Pacific Ocean, known as the Pacific Ring of Fire, is characterized by increased seismic activity. The relief of the volcanic islands is hilly, with maximum heights in the center.

On the island of Babeltuap is the highest point in the country – Mount Ngerchelchauus (215 m). On the Palau Islands, as a result of active karst processes, many caves were formed. The islands of Babeltuap, Koror and Peleliu are surrounded by a barrier reef. To the north of this reef is the Kayangel Atoll, and to the south – the island of Angaur. 35 km south of Koror Island there are the Rock Islands (more than 200 islands), which are ancient coral reefs raised as a result of tectonic processes. The coral islands are flat and only a few meters above sea level. Just to the east of the main island group of the Republic of Palau is one of the deepest depressions in the world with a depth of up to 9000 m. 600 km southwest of the main island group of Palau are six isolated islands known as the Southwest Islands. These include islands such as Sonsorol, Pulo Anna, Merir, Toby and Helen Atoll.

Administratively, the country is divided into 16 states.

Climate in Palau

Tropical maritime type of climate prevails in the country. It is hot and humid here all year round. Seasonal differences in temperature are insignificant. During the daytime, the air warms up to + 29..+31 degrees, and at night it cools down to +25..+27 degrees.

Up to 4000 mm of precipitation falls on the islands per year. The maximum amount of precipitation occurs from May to November. The rainiest months are June, July and August, the relatively dry months are February and March. Between June and December there is a small chance of typhoons. The temperature of coastal waters all year round is about +25..+27 degrees.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Palau is during the spring months, in February or March, when the rainfall is the least.


Every island in the country has sandy beaches. The best resort complexes are located on the island of Koror, on the east coast of the island of Babeltuap and on the island of Peleliu.


On the east coast of the island of Babeltuap, in winter, the highest waves (over 7 m high) are observed in the Melekeok Strait, which will appeal to surfers. Also, suitable conditions for surfing are noted on the southwestern coast of Peleliu Island.


Sea fishing is very popular in the Palau Islands, as marlin, sailfish, tuna, mahi-mahi, wahoo, sea bass, barracuda and whitetip sharks are found in coastal waters. One of the most popular fishing spots is the Rock Islands.


Islands of the Republic of Palau interesting not only for the waters surrounding them, but also for the picturesque nature of the volcanic islands, the hills of which are covered with dense forests, where waterfalls, lakes and caves are hidden. These are great places for hiking. During your travels, you will get acquainted not only with the natural attractions of the islands, but also with their historical and cultural heritage – ancient petroglyphs have been preserved in some caves, on some islands you can see the ruins of ancient cities and monuments from the Second World War, when there was a fierce struggle between American and Japanese troops. Palau also offers kayaking through the coastal mangroves.

Palau Geography