When the Delaware Bay was explored in 1609 by Henry Hudson, then Susquehanna in
1615 by Frenchman Etienne Brűlé, the state of Pennsylvania was populated by
Algonquin Indians (Delawares, Shawnees) and Iroquois (Susquehannocks, Senecas). Colonized
initially by the Swedes, the territory now occupied by the State of Pennsylvania
was temporarily controlled by the Dutch in 1655, before they themselves were
hunted by the British in 1664.
In 1681, a royal charter signed by Charles II
of England made it possible to assign the region William Penn, founder the
following year of the Pennsylvania colony and the city Philadelphia; on the
basis of a democratic government that guarantees freedom of worship and
protection of property, it gave the colony a constitution that should inspire
that of the United States. Populated by numerous Protestant immigrants -
English, German, Dutch, Irish, French Huguenots -, Pennsylvania quickly
experienced a prosperity that rests at the same time on a constant economic
development and a unique modus vivendi of its kind with the Indians, which was
worth to the State if to become a kind of model for the other colonies. In 1751,
Benjamin Franklin founded Pennsylvania Philadelphia University, today one of the
most prestigious in the United States.
The colony Pennsylvania took an active part in the independence movement,
theater in particular of the important battles of Brandyvine, Germantown and
Second State ratified the Constitution of the United States, and on December
12 1787 joined the Union. The 1860s saw the Pennsylvania industrial development
true, thanks to the development of an important transport network (channels,
roads, railways), of mining and metallurgy. Pennsylvania can thus be considered
as the birthplace of great capitalism (Carnegie, Schwab). Since the late 1920s,
labor needs have been provided in part by black immigration from the southern
states of the country.
Provides a list of all holidays in the state of Pennsylvania when both banks
and schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as
New Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of Pennsylvania.
AbbreviationFinder.org: Do you know how many acronyms that contain the
word Pennsylvania? Check this site to see all abbreviations and initials
Mercersburg Academy - Mercersburg
Mercersburg Academy is a boarding school for approx. 430 students in grades
9-12. The small town of Mercersburg has only about 1500 inhabitants and is
located in the south of the state of Pennsylvania, close to the Maryland border.
Although it is located outside of any large city district, Mercersburg has good
connections to 5 east coast metropolises. Baltimore, New York City,
Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Washington DC are all just hours away by car.
Thus, despite the school's quiet location, there is an opportunity to explore
many of America's attractions. The city's sons include James Buchanan
(1791-1868), the only Pennsylvania President of the United States.
The Mercersburg Academy welcomes students of any religion. In addition, they are
proud to accommodate an extremely international group of students. A total of 96
exchange students from 36 nations lived on the campus last year.
The range of subjects at the boarding school is huge. 160 subjects are taught,
over 40 of them as honors, AP or post-AP courses. Mercersburg Academy attaches
great importance to ensuring that students are taught by excellently trained
teachers. In addition, students should not only be taught theoretical knowledge,
but also the practical application of what they have learned. In addition to the
standard subjects of English, math and history, the school offers the following
Chinese, Spanish, German, French, acting, dancing, drawing, painting, music,
theater, art history, robotics, sports, religion, bio, chemistry, physics,
botany, evolution, astronomy, genetics, film studies, journalism.
Mercersburg also has an outstanding sports program: a total of 54 Olympic
athletes from all over the world went to school here. After graduating from
school, many graduates became professional athletes and around 25% of each
graduation class continued their sports careers in college.
Universities, scientific institutions in Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn)
The private university in the city of Philadelphia was founded in 1749 by
Benjamin Franklin. In 1765, the first medical school in the United States was
founded at the University of Pennsylvania. The University of Pennsylvania is now
considered an elite university. The University of Pennsylvania is a member of
the Association of American Universities, an association of research-intensive
North American universities. Approximately 24,000 students are currently
studying at the University of Pennsylvania, and the university has more than
13,000 employees, making it the largest employer in the city of Philadelphia.
The following faculties can be found at the university:
|Social Policy and Practice
The Wharton School is part of the University of Pennsylvania and is its business
school. It was founded in 1881 by Joseph Wharton as the first university
business school in the United States. It currently has two training centers - in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and San Francisco, California. Wharton School is one
of the leading business schools in the United States. The Wharton School
currently has approximately 5,000 students. Among the former students are Warren
Buffet, one of the richest Americans, and real estate mogul Donald Trump.
Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)
The private research university in the city of Pittsburgh was created in 1967 by
the union of the Carnegie Institute of Technology and the Mellon Institute of
Industrial Research. Carnegie Mellon University is a member of the Association
of American Universities, an association of research-intensive North American
universities. In addition to its headquarters in Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon
University also has branches in Silicon Valley, Qatar and Australia. Around
7,000 students study at Carnegie Mellon University who can afford the very high
tuition fees, because Carnegie Mellon University is one of the most expensive
universities in the country. The students are offered a lot, so it is not
surprising that there are numerous Nobel Prize winners among the professors.
Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia
The Curtis Institute of Music is a famous music conservatory in Philadelphia,
which was founded in 1924 by Mary Louise Curtis. Since the Curtis Institute of
Music is among the strictest in the world, only 150 to 170 students study here.
The Curtis Institute of Music usually trains orchestral musicians, but other
musicians are also accepted should they pass the entrance examination.
Pennsylvania State University
Pennsylvania State University in State College was founded in 1855 and is one of
the oldest universities in the United States. Around 84,000 students are
currently studying at the university. With so many students, the university
naturally has several campuses. The main campus is considered one of the most
beautiful in the United States. Pennsylvania State University is a member of the
Association of American Universities, an association of research-intensive North
Duquesne University in Pittsburgh
The private Catholic Duquesne University in Pittsburgh was founded in 1878.
Duquesne University in Pittsburgh in the city of Pittsburgh has currently
produced approximately 10,000 students and some well-known graduates in the
past. Of these, only the famous filmmaker Werner Herzog should be mentioned.
University of Pittsburgh
The state University of Pittsburgh was founded in 1787 as the Pittsburgh Academy
and has had its current name since 1908. The University of Pittsburgh is a
member of the Association of American Universities, an association of
research-intensive North American universities. There are currently around
34,000 students studying at the university. The University of Pittsburgh has a
strong reputation in the field of stem cell research and the University Medical
Center has the highest number of organ transplants in the United States each
year. On the university campus is the approx. 163 m high building named
Cathedral of Learning.