Oman Geography and Climate

Oman is located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula on the eastern edge of the vast desert of Rub al-Khali. In addition to desert landscapes and sand dunes, Oman offers tourists a long coastline with sandy beaches, small islands, a rich world of birds and a colorful underwater world, picturesque mountains and valleys of dried-up wadi rivers, traditional Arab markets, as well as many historical monuments, including the famous Omani forts that have guarded the trade routes between the West and the East since ancient times.

The best time to visit the country is from mid-October to April, when the weather is comfortable.

The official language is Arabic. Balochi, Urdu and Swahili are also widely spoken. In the field of international business relations, English is used. Hotel staff along with English can be explained in German and French.

Geography in Oman

According to top-engineering-schools, the Sultanate of Oman is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula. The area of the state is 309.5 thousand square meters. km. Oman borders Saudi Arabia to the west, the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, and Yemen to the southwest. In the north of the Arabian Peninsula, on the Musandam Peninsula, there is a governorate of the same name, separated from the main territory of Oman by the territory of the United Arab Emirates, and a little to the south, the Madha enclave. From the east, Oman is washed by the waters of the Arabian Sea, from the north – by the waters of the Gulf of Oman. The Madha enclave is washed by the waters of the Strait of Hormuz from the north.

At the southern border of the Musandam peninsula, the spurs of the El-Akhdar mountains stretch, and plains stretch along the coast. The coastline here is rocky. Not far from the coast of Musandam are two small islands – Elphinstone and Malcolm. Elphinstone Island is known for its coastal cliffs, rising up to 1250 m, similar to the rocks of the Norwegian fjords. A narrow strip along the northern coast of the country stretches the coastal lowland of Al-Batin. From the south, it is bordered by the Hajar mountains with average heights of about 1200 m. Here, within the El-Akhdar ridge, the highest point of the country is located – Mount Jebel Shams (3009 m). In central Oman stretches a plateau with an average height of about 500 m, which is covered with the sands of the Rub al-Khali desert. The coast of the Arabian Sea has a flat relief. Not far from the local coast is the island of Masirah. In the extreme south of Oman, the Dhofar Plateau extends, which near the coast passes into the Kara Mountains with a maximum elevation of 1678 m.

All the rivers of Oman are seasonal, here they are called “wadis”. They are full-flowing only in the rainy season.

Climate in Oman

Oman has a tropical desert type of climate. Summers are hot here, and winters are warm. In spring and early summer, hot winds blow from the Rub al-Khali desert, which can raise the daytime temperature in the interior of the country and in its northwestern part to +50 degrees. On the coast in Muscat in the summer during the daytime, the air warms up to +40 degrees, and at night it cools down to +30 degrees. In the inner desert parts of Oman and in the northwest, the daily temperature range is much higher, it can reach 30 degrees. In winter, in Muscat, about 25 degrees of heat is observed during the daytime, and about +18 degrees at night, in the desert regions of Oman the air warms up to +35 degrees during the day, and frosts often occur at night. The most favorable climatic conditions are observed in the southeastern part of Oman, where the summer heat is moderated by the monsoon wind “Kharif”. On summer days, the air warms up here to +35 degrees, and at night there is about 25 degrees of heat. In winter, the temperature background is the same as in Muscat.

The annual amount of precipitation is distributed throughout the country and is extremely uneven over the seasons. In general, from 100 to 200 mm of precipitation falls on the coast per year, with a maximum in winter, only in the southeast of Oman does the maximum amount of precipitation fall in summer, in the foothills and mountains can fall up to 500 mm of precipitation, and in the inland desert regions the annual the amount of precipitation does not exceed a few tens of mm, and it rains here only a few days a year.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit the country is from mid-October to April when the weather is comfortable.

Oman Geography