Norway Geography and Climate

Norway is the most visited Scandinavian state by tourists. And this is not surprising. It strikes with a variety of nature: from snow-capped mountain peaks to apple orchards. A country that has absorbed the traditions of both the barbarian tribes – the Vikings, and the best European royal courts. This northernmost country in Europe is in no way inferior to the southern resorts, especially since it ranks first in terms of living standards.

The best time to travel in Norway is between May and September. At this time, summer is already coming in all corners of the country and the country amazes with the uniqueness of nature. Although, for a trip to Oslo, any time of the year is suitable.

Ski lovers can visit the country in the summer, because even in July there is plenty of snow in the mountains.

The official language is Norwegian. It has two forms. Bokmål, or riksmol, which explains the majority of the population, was formed on the basis of the Danish language and Norwegian dialects. Nynoshk, or Norwegian, is a relatively young language that developed in the 19th century on the basis of the western dialects of Norway. Because of this, a number of words have several pronunciations.

Many Norwegians speak spoken English, French and German.

Geography in Norway

According to top-engineering-schools, Norway is located in the northwestern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It occupies an area of 387 thousand square meters. km and borders Sweden, Finland and the Russian Federation. A third of the country is located beyond the Arctic Circle, where the sun does not set from May to July, and the polar night reigns in winter. Norway It is washed by the waters of the North, Norwegian and Barents Seas. The Scandinavian mountains occupy most of the country. The maximum mark is Mount Galkhepiggene (2469m). The slopes of the mountains are covered with taiga forests. On the territory of the mountains, glaciers have been preserved – the largest in Europe. These are Yustedalsbre, Svartisen, Folgefonni. And from the Engabre glacier comes the division of icebergs. The coasts of the North and Norwegian Seas are cut by numerous fjords (the flooded lower reaches of ancient valleys). Picturesque waterfalls form on Norway ‘s largest river, the Glomma.

Climate in Norway

The climate within the country is not the same.

The mild temperate maritime climate in the west of the country is explained by the influence of the warm North Atlantic Current. The winter period, when the average monthly air temperature has slightly negative values, is January and February. The average minimum temperature at this time is from 0 to -4 degrees, the average maximum temperature is from 0 to +2. The warmest time of the year is July and August. At this time, the night temperature is 10…12 degrees, daytime 16…18 degrees. The least precipitation falls in May, from 50 to 80 mm, and the number of days with precipitation is 16. The rainiest time of the year is September, October, in which the monthly precipitation is from 170 to 240 mm, and the number of days with precipitation is 21-22.

In the central regions of Norway, the climate is temperate continental. Here the frosty period (with the average monthly air temperature below zero) lasts from October to March. The coldest month is January, in which night temperatures are -15…-17 degrees, daytime temperatures are -6…-7 degrees. The warmest month is July. In it at night it is usually +7… + 10, in the daytime 17… 18 degrees. The driest months are March, April, May, the average monthly precipitation in them is 30-50 mm, and the number of days with precipitation is from 11 to 15. In the remaining months of the year, the monthly precipitation is 80-100 mm, and the number of days with precipitation 16-17.

In the far north, the climate is subarctic. The average minimum temperature in the coldest month of the year – February – drops to -22 degrees, the maximum reaches -10 degrees. The warmest time of the year is July. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to +6 degrees, the maximum reaches +18 degrees. The driest month is July with just over 50mm of rainfall and 15 days of rainfall. The rainiest time of the year is September and October, with an average monthly rainfall of up to 115mm and more than 20 days.

Best time to visit:
The best time to travel in Norway is between May and September. At this time, summer is already coming in all corners of the country and the country amazes with the uniqueness of nature. Although, for a trip to Oslo, any time of the year is suitable.

Ski lovers can visit the country in the summer, because even in July there is plenty of snow in the mountains.

Norway Geography

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