North Korea Geography and Climate

First of all, a trip to North Korea is suitable for those who want to remember the Soviet times, because the country is one of the few “centers of socialism” in the world. Traveling in North Korea helps Russian tourists to plunge into the past and see everything “the best” – the largest monuments, buildings, the largest mausoleum and the largest performance. The country still remains one of the most closed countries in the world for foreign tourists, all movements of foreigners within the country are under the close supervision of local guides. But still, the cultural and historical heritage of North Korea, formed over many hundreds of centuries, which coexists with a strict modern ideology, attracts more and more tourists every year.

Traveling in North Korea is best in the warm, non-rainy months – May-June and September-October.

The official language of North Korea is Korean.

Geography in in North Korea

According to top-engineering-schools, North Korea is located in East Asia and occupies the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. In the south of the country, along the 38th parallel, there is a demarcation line (demilitarized zone), along which the DPRK borders on the Republic of Korea. The country borders China to the north and Russia to the northeast. In the east, North Korea is washed by the waters of the Sea of Japan, in the west – by the waters of the West Korea Bay and the Yellow Sea. The area of North Korea is121.2 thousand square meters. km.

Most of the DPRK has a mountainous terrain. In the north and northeast, mountain ranges and plateaus of the North Korean mountains stretch with altitudes from 2000 to 3000 m. Here, almost on the border with China, is the highest point of North Korea – Paektu-san volcano (2744 m). The last eruption of this volcano occurred in 1702, and it was so powerful that a cloud of volcanic ash even reached the Japanese islands. From the southeast, the spurs of the East Korean mountains enter the country. Their heights in North Korea reach 1000-2000 m. The mountains of the eastern part of North Korea gradually decrease towards the coast, forming a rocky coastline with many bays. The southwestern part of the country is occupied by lowlands. The sea coast here is strongly indented and has many bays. There are many small islands near the coastline.

The largest rivers of the country flow along the northern border of the DPRK. These are Amnok-kan with a length of 790 km and Tuman-gan with a length of 521 km. In the south of the country such large rivers as Naktong-gan (525 km) and Khan-gan (514 km) flow. In the western part of the country there is another important river – Taedong-gan, on which the city of Pyongyang is located.

Climate in North Korea

North Korea has a temperate monsoon climate. The most severe climatic conditions are observed in the northern regions and in the central part of the country, which are located at high altitudes. In the north of the DPRK in the mountains, the minimum air temperatures in winter can reach -40 degrees, and daytime – 25 degrees below zero. In the summer months, slight frosts can occur at night, and during the day the air warms up to +20 degrees. In the central regions of North Korea in January daytime air temperature reaches -10..-8 degrees, and at night drops to -20 degrees. In August, during the daytime, about 22..24 degrees of heat is observed here, at night the air cools down to +13..+15 degrees. On the coasts, the climate is milder. In winter, during the daytime, the air warms up to -1..+1 degrees, at night – the air temperature drops to -9.. -7 degrees. In the summer, about 26..28 degrees of heat is observed during the day, and about +18..+20 degrees at night.

In total, from 600 to 1000 mm falls in the Pyongyang region a year, up to 1700 mm on the east coast, and up to 2000 mm in the mountains. The maximum amount of precipitation falls on the period from June to September, when the monsoons blow from the sea.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit North Korea is during the warm, non-rainy months of May-June and September-October.


When buying a tour in Russia, be sure to discuss all the little things, even the menus in restaurants, because sometimes upon arrival in the country, tours do not coincide with the programs declared by the travel agency.

North Korea is one of the safest countries in the world for tourism. In addition, foreigners are legally allowed to travel around the country only with a guide, so travelers should not be afraid of anything. Several rules should be strictly observed: upon arrival in the country, it is necessary to register at the Russian embassy; before taking pictures of anything, it is better to ask permission from the guide; when visiting state memorials, such as the mausoleum of Kim Il Sung, it is customary to dress solemnly; when entering a Korean house, you must take off your shoes, but at the same time, socks must be worn on your feet. An interesting fact is that the chronology in the DPRK is from 1912 (the year the Great Leader was born).

North Korea Geography