Myanmar Geography and Climate

Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia. This is a great place for lovers of ancient architecture and Buddhists. In Myanmar, there are about 3 thousand pagodas covered with gold and a huge number of other places of worship, many of which have survived from ancient civilizations and are still places of pilgrimage. The mountainous landscapes of the north of the country are suitable for hiking and ecotourism, while on the coast of Myanmar you can relax in beach resorts and go diving.

The most favorable time for a holiday in Myanmar is the period from October to March, when the probability of rain is the least, and there is no strong heat.

The official language of the country is Burmese (related to Tibetan and Chinese). English and Chinese are widely used in business.

Geography in Myanmar

According to top-engineering-schools, Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia in the western part of the Indochina peninsula. It borders India to the northwest, Bangladesh to the west, China to the northeast, Laos to the east, and Thailand to the southeast. In the south and southwest, the country is washed by the waters of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Its area, including the adjacent islands, is 678 thousand square meters. km.

In the western part of the country, from the north of the Himalayas to the south, the mountain ranges of Rakhine Yoma and Bago Yoma stretch, and in the eastern part – the Shan highlands. Mountains occupy most of the country’s territory. The mountain ranges and the Shan Plateau are separated by the fertile Central Plain. In the northern part of the western mountain system, almost on the border with China, is the highest point of the country – Mount Hkakobo Razi (5881 m). The average height of the Shan Highlands is 900m, and its highest point – Mount Pannon – reaches a height of 2563m. Several volcanic chains pass through the Shan plateau, as well as mud volcanoes in the western mountain system. The most famous of the extinct volcanoes is Popa (1518 m). Off the coast of the Bay of Bengal, the Rakhine Plain stretches in a narrow strip.

There are numerous islands in the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Archipelago Mergui in the Andaman Sea is a continuation of the western mountain system.

The mountain ranges of Myanmar share three river basins – the Irrawaddy, Sitaun and Salween. The Irrawaddy is the longest river in Myanmar, it is about 2170 km long and flows into the Martaban Bay which is part of the Bay of Bengal. The delta of the Ayeyarwaddy River covers an area of 40 thousand square meters. km. The main lakes of the country are located in its northern part. The largest of them are the tectonic Indoji (210 sq. km) and Indo (155 sq. km). But among tourists, Inle Lake on the Shan Highlands is more famous.

Climate in Myanmar

The country is dominated by a subequatorial type of climate with monsoon features. From June to October, southwest winds blow here, bringing moist air masses from the ocean, and from November to May, northeast winds from land. The hottest time in Myanmar is the period from February to May, at which time daytime air temperatures can reach 40 degrees Celsius, nighttime temperatures – +28 degrees. The lowest temperatures are observed in the period from December to February, during these months during the day the air warms up to 28..30 degrees Celsius, while at night it cools down to +13..+15 degrees. In the mountains, the climate is more severe; frosts are not uncommon here in winter.

The maximum amount of precipitation falls in coastal areas – up to 5000 mm per year, up to 3500 mm of precipitation falls in the mountains, and up to 1000 mm of precipitation in the central part of the country on the plains. Their maximum occurs in July, when the southwest monsoon blows.

Best time to visit:
The most favorable time to visit Myanmar is from October to March, when the likelihood of rain is the least, and there is no strong heat.


The city of Mrauk-U is located near the border with Bangladesh. Usually tourists who relax on the beaches of the coast of the Bay of Bengal go here. Mrauk U was founded in 1430. For 355 years it was the capital of the state. Today, the city is an open-air museum. Here you can see many ancient temples and pagodas. The most notable building is Shitton Temple. (Shitthaung), which means “temple with eighty thousand images.” It was built in 1535. Inside the temple there is a large hall, along the walls of which there are many statues of Buddha. But the greatest interest in the temple is its corridors with relief paintings depicting the Buddha, spirits, mystical and real animals.


Inle Lake is located at an altitude of 884 m above sea level in Shan State. The area of the lake with adjacent protected areas is 1670 sq. km. About 80 species of birds live here, 27 of which are waterfowl, and 40 species of freshwater fish. Inle Lake is known as the “Lake of Floating Gardens” because the locals plant vegetable gardens right on the water. For this, peculiar rafts are created, woven from roots and grass, on top of which earth is poured, richly fertilized with bottom silt. The main city of the lake, where all excursions start from, is Nyang Shwe. People here live right on the water – they build bamboo houses on stilts and fish. In the local monastery, you can see circus performances with the participation of cats, which are arranged due to lack of money.

Myanmar Geography