Upon the arrival of the first Europeans, the region was populated by Amerindians, of which the Sioux, the Nose-Furar, the Kootenais, the Cheyennes or the Black Feet. Traveled through French trappers during the eighteenth century, it was part of the French Louisiana territory, then sold it, in 1803, to the United States.
It was explored in part by the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1805-1806. In 1807, Canadian explorer and fur trader David Thompson descended south to Lake Flathead, then climbed up to Clark Fork to reach the site of the current Missoula. The fur trade became very active over upper Missouri, but trappers quickly clashed with Blackfoot hostility. In 1828, the American Fur Company built Extremely Union. River navigation from Saint Louis constituted the main Montana contact with the east of the country, until the Northern Pacific Railroad reached the mountains in 1883.
The discovery of gold deposits in the years 1850-1860 (Bannack, Virginia City) provoked a massive immigration of prospectors and settlers. In 1864, Montana was built on territory. Conflicts broke out early between settlers and Indians (1870-1881). The Indians strongly opposed a resistance, symbolized by the battle of Little Bighorn in 1876, which is experiencing the Sioux’s victory over General Custer.
Montana joined the Union on November 8, 1889, becoming the forty-first American state. Mining extraction then made the state rich. The Montana economy was severely affected by the great crisis of the 1930s. But in 1940, the construction of the Fort Peck dam allowed electrification, irrigation, flood control and improved navigation to the upper Missouri course.
- COUNTRYAAH.COM: Provides a list of all holidays in the state of Montana when both banks and schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as New Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of Montana.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Do you know how many acronyms that contain the word Montana? Check this site to see all abbreviations and initials that include Montana.
Universities in Montana
University of Montana in Missoula
The state University of Montana in the city of Missoula was founded in 1893 and is now one of the largest universities in the state of Montana. The campus of the university is particularly impressive. Because of this campus it also calls itself “city within a city”. Rolling Stone magazine also named the campus the “most scenic campus in America”. In addition to the historic buildings, visitors will also find the Philip L. Wright Zoological Museum, the spectrUM Discovery Area and the Montana Museum of Art & Culture. Around 15,000 students are currently studying at the following faculties:
- Health professions
- Natural sciences
- law Sciences
Montana State University in Bozeman
The state-owned Montana State University in the city of Bozeman was founded in 1893 and is currently the second largest university in the state with over 14,000 students. The university of course also shaped the city of Bozeman, which has around 38,000 inhabitants. Montana State University currently has the following faculties:
- Agricultural sciences
- Health sciences
- Art and architecture
- Nursing science
Public Schools in Montana by County