Micronesia Geography and Climate

The Federated States of Micronesia, this remote Pacific country, is one of the most popular island countries in the world today. Diving enthusiasts come here from all over the world, because in the local waters you can see not only a variety of marine life and all kinds of corals, but also dozens of sunken ships and planes that remain at the bottom of the ocean after one of the most fierce American operations against the Japanese army during the Second World War. Secluded atolls attract lovers of a relaxing beach holiday, and the main islands of the state, in addition to beaches and the underwater world, offer holidays for every taste – from active hiking to sightseeing trips through the ruins of ancient cities.

You can relax in the country all year round, but the most comfortable weather is during the dry season – from December to March.

The official language of the country is English. The local population of each island communicates with each other in different Micronesian dialects.

Geography in Federated States of Micronesia

According to top-engineering-schools, the Federated States of Micronesia are located on more than 600 islands that are part of the Caroline Islands archipelagos. They are located north of the island of New Guinea in the northwestern part of Oceania. The total area of the country is 702 sq. km. The largest islands – Kosrae, Pohnpei and Chuuk – were formed by volcanic activity millions of years ago, and Yap Island is an elevated part of the Asian continental shelf. The Federated States of Micronesia also includes numerous atolls and coral reefs that surround the main islands of the country. Chuuk island lagoonsurrounded by one of the largest barrier reefs in the world. The volcanic islands are mountainous. The highest point of the country is located on the island of Pohnpei – Mount Nana Laud (798 m).

The Federated States of Micronesia is administratively divided into four states that formed around the main islands of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae. States have a similar name. The capital of the country – the city of Palikir – is located on the island of Pohnpei.

Climate in Federated States of Micronesia

The islands of Micronesia are dominated by a tropical marine type of climate. The temperature varies little from season to season. The daytime temperature is around +30 degrees all year round, and the night temperature is around +23 degrees. The climate of the Federated States of Micronesia is very humid.

The largest amount of precipitation falls on the eastern islands. Pohnpei Island is considered one of the wettest places on Earth; up to 8400 mm of precipitation can fall here per year. On average, the islands experience from 3000 to 6000 mm of precipitation per year. Precipitation peaks between April and December when the wet southwest monsoons predominate, with the dry season coming with steady northeast trade winds in January and continuing through March. The part of the Pacific Ocean, where the Federated States of Micronesia is located, is the area where typhoons originate. Typhoons are observed during the rainy season and bring with them stormy weather with hurricane-force winds. At this time, many atolls are flooded.

Best time to visit:
You can relax in the country all year round, but the most comfortable weather is during the dry season – from December to March.


Kosrae State is the easternmost state of Micronesia. The state’s main island is Kosrae Island – is of volcanic origin. The mountainous terrain prevails on the island, its highest point is Mount Fincol (634 m). Mangroves are often found along the coast. The capital of the state of Kosrae is the city of Lelu. It is located on a small islet off the northeast coast of Kosrae Island. Here is one of the most important archaeological sites of the Pacific Ocean – the ruins of the ancient royal city of the 14th century. Among the ruins, you can see the remains of basalt fortress walls that reach a height of 7 m, streets, residential buildings, tunnels and graves. It still remains a mystery how ancient people transported huge basalt blocks to build a city without special equipment. Also recently on the island of Kosrae for tourists were opened ruins of Menk. So far, no restoration work has been carried out here, so the ruins are surrounded by thickets of tropical forest, which makes them more mysterious. Here is the temple of the goddess Sinlaku, from where, according to legend, she fled to the island of Yap from missionaries in 1852. This legend is held by opponents of Christianity. Among the ruins of Menk, there are several hiking trails where medicinal plants grow. During the Second World War, the island of Kosrae was occupied by Japanese troops, so many military structures have been preserved here. These are bunkers, a radio station, a weather station, tanks, underground passages and mountain caves. Be sure to visit the Kosrae Municipal Museum, which tells about the history and culture of the island.

Climbing Mount Fincol (634 m) is popular, the slopes of which are covered with dense forests. This is the highest point on the island. Hiking routes are quite difficult and long and are suitable for trained tourists. It is highly recommended to travel with a local guide. The ascent takes about 7 hours. Not far from Mount Fincol is Mount Oma. This is one of the most beautiful places on the island. Here you can see a variety of animals, plants, waterfalls and caves that were used by the Japanese during World War II. Routes can take from 45 minutes to 6 hours. Also on the island are very beautiful Sipuen and Saolong waterfalls. Their waters fall into natural pools where you can swim. KosraeĀ Island- a great place for bird watching. Micronesian pigeons and starlings, purple-capped spotted pigeon, cardinals, honeysuckers, frigatebirds live in the local forests, and on the coast there are brown fulmar, reef heron, shepherdesses and long-tailed cuckoos. In total, about 15 species of birds live on the island, and there are also about 9 species of migratory birds. An interesting trip to the cave Wiya Bird Cavewhere thousands of small cave birds Salangan live.

On the island of Kosrae canoe trips through the coastal mangroves and fishing are also offered, as tuna, marlin and dorado are found in the surrounding waters of the island. Many tourists come here to surf, especially between January and March, when the steady northeast trade winds blow. In addition, there are over 50 dive sites in Kosrae State.

Micronesia Geography