Mexico Geography and Climate

Mexico has a rich historical heritage. It invites tourists to immerse themselves in the times of the ancient Mayan and Aztec civilizations, enjoy the beauty of colonial architecture and the majesty of modern buildings. The contrast can also be traced in the nature of the country. It has everything – volcanoes, deserts, sandy beaches and coral reefs. And who has not dreamed of visiting a Mexican carnival full of passions and tasting tequila? And all this in a year-round summer.

You can vacation in Mexico all year round, because the wet and dry seasons do not differ so much. However, it should be remembered that between August and November, strong tropical hurricanes can pass through the Yucatan Peninsula and along the Gulf Coast, so winter is the best time to travel.

The official language of the country is Spanish. Many locals speak various dialects, including Gaztec (Nahuatl), Maya and Otomi. In large hotels, the staff understands English, French and German, but they still prefer Spanish.

Geography in Mexico

According to top-engineering-schools, Mexico is located in the south of North America. It is washed by the waters of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. The total area of the country is 1.96 million square meters. km, which includes a number of islands. Most of it is occupied by the Mexican Highlands with average heights of about 2000 m. The highlands are surrounded by mountain ranges.

There are 350 active volcanoes in Mexico, among which is the highest point in the country – Orizaba (5700 m). Near the capital of the country – Mexico City – there are 2 active volcanoes – Popocatepetl and Istaxihuatl. In the north of the country there is a desert zone, and in the south – tropical rainforests. The coastal regions of the west and east are occupied by sandy plains. The Yucatan Peninsula is also flat, the average height is 30 m. The largest river in Mexico – Rio Bravo del Norte, better known as the Rio Grande. It runs along the US-Mexico border.

In the west of the country is the largest lake in the country – Napala.

Climate in Mexico

In the north of Mexico the climate is subtropical, in the rest of the country – tropical. The coastal plains are humid and hot. In the Acapulco region on the Pacific coast, daytime temperatures throughout the year do not fall below +30 degrees, and nighttime temperatures range from 21 to 24 degrees Celsius. On the Caribbean coast – a little cooler. In the winter months, during the day the air warms up to +24 degrees, and in the summer – up to +31, at night in winter it is about 19 degrees of heat, and in summer – 25 degrees of heat.

In the central highlands of Mexico, the maximum temperatures are observed in April and May – +27 degrees, and at night in the same months the air cools down to +11..+13 degrees. In winter, daytime air temperatures rise to +21 degrees, at night there is about 7 degrees of heat.

In Mexico, altitudinal zonality is well expressed – at altitudes in the northern part of the country in winter, the temperature can drop below 0 degrees. During the dry and humid periods, temperatures differ little, but the amount of precipitation and air humidity vary widely.

The rainy season lasts from May to October, at which time powerful tropical cyclones often occur. The north of the country is considered the driest region – about 250 mm of precipitation falls here per year. The greatest amount of precipitation is observed in the southern regions – up to 1,500 mm, and in the summer during the wet season, about 300-400 mm per month can fall.

The water temperature on the Pacific coast in the summer rises to +27 degrees, and on average for the year it is + 25 degrees. The waters of the Caribbean Sea are a little warmer – in summer the water temperature here is + 29 degrees.

Best time to visit:
Mexico is a year-round holiday destination because the wet and dry seasons don’t differ that much. However, it should be remembered that between August and November, strong tropical hurricanes can pass through the Yucatan Peninsula and along the Gulf Coast, so winter is the best time to travel.

History in Mexico

On the territory of Mexico as early as 1500 BC. lived the ancient civilization of the Olmecs, which existed until 600 BC. The Mayan culture also flourished here. They lived mainly on the Yucatan Peninsula. Later, in the 10th century AD, the Toltec state arose, and in the 14th century, the powerful Aztec empire.

In 1517, Europeans landed on the territory of the Yucatan Peninsula for the first time, led by the navigator Francisco Fernandez de Cordoba. The locals treated the newcomers kindly, but in 1535, after the attack on the Aztec tribes by the armed forces of Hernando Cortes, the capital of the state fell and this territory became Spanish possessions. Until the 19th century, racial discrimination and apartheid existed in the country.

In 1821, while Napoleon’s troops occupied Spain, the locals took advantage of the situation and launched a liberation struggle, after which Spain agreed to grant Mexico independence. In 1823 Mexico was proclaimed a republic. During the war with the United States in the mid-19th century, Mexico lost a number of its lands north of the Rio Grande. In a country weakened by wars, the Mexican Revolution took place in 1917, after which a new constitution was adopted.

Mexico Geography