Malaysia Geography and Climate

Malaysia is exotic. At the same time, the tourist part of the country is always clean, safe and has a high level of service. There are good roads and English-speaking locals. Malaysia has excellent opportunities for a beach holiday, good ecology and developed ethnographic tourism. The most popular resorts – the islands of Langkawi and Penang – are located in the west of the country, where the thermometer shows from 21 to 32 degrees of heat all year round. The natural attractions of Malaysia are tropical forests and national parks with rich flora and fauna, reserves with amazing underwater world, cool mountains and unique caves of the island of Borneo. Malaysia is one of the most attractive places for scuba diving.

You can travel to Malaysia throughout the year. However, West Malaysia (Malacca Peninsula) is best visited from late February to early October, and East Malaysia (Kalimantan, or Borneo) – in the second half of October. At this time, these territories will appear before you in the prime of their beauty. If the purpose of the trip is diving, then the best time for diving in the west of the Malaysian peninsula is from December to May, in the east – from March to October.

The official language is Malay. Some dialects of Chinese and Tamil are also common. And since Malaysia used to be a British colony, almost everyone speaks English.

Geography in Malaysia

According to top-engineering-schools, Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia. The western part of the country occupies the south of the Malay Peninsula and borders Thailand in the north and Singapore in the south. The eastern part of the country is located in the north of the island of Kalimantan (Borneo) (the rest of the island is occupied by Indonesia). In the west , Malaysia is washed by the waters of the Strait of Malacca (strait between the Andaman and Java Seas). Between the western and eastern parts of the country is the South China Sea, and the island part in the east is washed by the Sulawesi Sea.

Climate in Malaysia

The country is located near the equator at a latitude of 0 to 10 degrees north latitude. That is why in most of it the climate is equatorial and only in the north of the country – subequatorial monsoon. There are practically no seasons in this country: the weather is quite hot all year round (the air temperature ranges from 25 to 28 degrees). The time from November to January is considered the coolest.

About 2500 mm of precipitation falls annually in Malaysia on its flat areas, but there is no clearly defined rainy season. On the east coast of the Malay Peninsula, more rain falls from November to February, and in the west of the peninsula – from April to May and from October to November.

Also a distinctive feature of the Malaysian climate is high humidity throughout the year.

Best time to visit:
You can travel to Malaysia throughout the year. However, West Malaysia (Malacca Peninsula) is best visited from late February to early October, and East Malaysia (Kalimantan, or Borneo) – in the second half of October. At this time, these territories will appear before you in the prime of their beauty. If the purpose of the trip is diving, then the best time for diving in the west of the Malaysian peninsula is from December to May, in the east – from March to October.

History in Malaysia

Even before our era, Indo-Buddhist civilizations existed on the territory of modern Malaysia. From the 7th to the 11th centuries, the rich and powerful state of Srivijaya, which was one of the main centers of Buddhism of that time, was located here. At the beginning of the XIV century, the Malacca Sultanate was founded on the Malay Peninsula. This kingdom developed, but in 1511 was captured by the Portuguese, who sought to control the global spice trade. A century and a half later, the Portuguese were supplanted by the Dutch. The Dutch became almost a complete monopoly on the export of spices from the peninsula, until the British began to show interest in this region at the end of the 18th century. First, the British leased the island of Penang, then founded Singapore, then bought Malacca from the Dutch. These territories remained under British control until World War II. In 1942, the Malay Peninsula was occupied by Japanese troops. After the end of the war, the British wanted to restore their rule in Malaysia, but the independence movement turned out to be stronger and in 1957 the Federation of Malaya (the territory of modern West Malaysia) gained independence. Now Malaysia is a member of the UN, the World Bank, the IMF.

Malaysia Geography