Macau, China Geography and Climate

Macau presents its visitors with a unique Sino-Portuguese heritage: traditional Chinese temples, baroque cathedrals, old forts, a kind of Macanese cuisine. But most of the tourists still come here for entertainment: three-quarters of visitors gamble in 11 luxury casinos, visit dog and horse races, car races and even bullfighting.

The best time to visit Macau is autumn (October to December) when the days are still sunny and warm and the air humidity is quite low. During the day, the air warms up to + 20… 27 oC, and at night the temperature does not drop below +17 C. The

official languages of Macau are Chinese (Cantonese) and Portuguese. English is widely spoken in gambling, tourism and trade.

Geography in Macau (Maomen), China

According to top-engineering-schools, the Macao Special Autonomous Region (Maomen) is located on the coast of the South China Sea at the mouth of the Pearl River. It is 60 km from Hong Kong (Xianggang) and 145 km from the administrative center of the Chinese province of Guangdong – Guangzhou. Macau occupies the territory of the Foshan Peninsula, on which the main city and port of Macau is located, the islands of Taipa (Ganzi), Coloan (Luhuan) and a number of small islands. The total area of the district is about 24 km2. The surface is mostly flat, formed as a result of the gradual reclaiming of land from the sea. Numerous steep hills are a remnant of the former relief. The highest point is Mount Coloane Alto (172.4 m).

Climate in Macao (Maomen), China

Macau is located in the transition zone between subtropical and tropical climate types. The hottest month is July with an average daily temperature of +31.5 o C and an average night temperature of +26.3 o C. In general, there are about 100 days a year with a daytime temperature above +30 o C. In winter, during the daytime, the thermometer does not fall below +17 ° C, and at night the temperature fluctuates around +13 ° C. In some years, with the intrusion of cold air from Siberia, the temperature can drop to negative values.

Macau receives more than 2000 mm of precipitation per year. The wet season lasts from April to October, and the maximum amount of precipitation occurs from May to August, during which more than 300 mm falls per month. It rains mostly during the day. Also at this time, typhoons and hurricane winds are not uncommon.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Macau is in autumn (October to December) when the days are still sunny and warm and the humidity is quite low. During the day, the air warms up to +20… 27 ° C, and at night the temperature does not drop below +17 ° C.

Religion in Macau (Maomen), China

The most common religions in Macau are Buddhism, which is followed by 50% of the population, and Catholicism, which is followed by 15% of the population. Here is the residence of the bishop, the official representation of the Order of the Jesuits and other Catholic orders. The rest of the people of Macau hold other concessions or are atheists.

Transport in Macau (Maomen), China

Most tourists arrive in Macau from Hong Kong by sea. There are various types of boats, of which hydrofoils are the most popular. Travel time Hong Kong-Macau is 1 hour, ships are open 24/7. Boats leave every 30 minutes. The one-way fare is $HK120 during the day and $HK150 at night. Tickets in business class cost from $HK130 to $HK160, in first class and VIP cabins for 4-6 people – $HK1400 per person. From Hong Kong to Macau (and back), tourists can also arrive by helicopter (journey time 15 minutes). The cost of a one-way helicopter ticket is $HK1200.

Ground transportation service between Guangzhou and Macau operates from 8:00 to 18:30 with an interval of 1 hour. Buses to Guangzhou depart from the bus stand next to PENINSULA Hotel. Travel time is 2.5 hours. The land border is open from 7:00 to 24:00. Macau also has an international airport connected by direct lines to several cities in the mainland of China, with the islands of Hainan and Taiwan, the Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. Public transport in Macau

consists of buses from TRANSMAC and TCM. They operate a dense network of several dozen routes plying throughout the territory. The duration of any route is several tens of minutes, the fare on the peninsula is 2.5 pataks, from the center to the island of Taipa – 3.3 pataks, to the island of Coloane – 4 pataks, to the beach of Hak Sa, located on Coloane – 5 pataks. Several routes go to the airport. One of them is highlighted as a special airport – AP1. It runs from the airport through the city center to the high-speed ferries to Hong Kong and China, and ends at a checkpoint on the Chinese border.

A taxi ride is inexpensive. The fare starts from 10 MOP, and the longest route from the center to the distant beach of Hak Sa costs about 80 MOP. Cars come in two colors – black with a light roof and yellow (radio taxi). To overcome the difficulties associated with the language barrier, the Macau Tourist Office has provided all taxi drivers with a guidebook in which the most popular places are written in Chinese, Portuguese and English.

To Macau you can rent a car. To do this, you must present a passport, driver’s license, credit card. The driver must be at least 21 years old. Car rental companies are Avis Rent a Car and Happy Mokes. The cost of rent per day is on average $US60. When driving alone, do not forget about left-hand traffic.

Plant and Animal World in Macao (Maomen), China

The natural flora of Macau was destroyed as a result of development. Today you can see only numerous man-made plantings that occupy more than 20% of the district.

Songbirds can be found in gardens and parks.

Minerals [Macau (Maomen), China

Macau, due to its small territory, does not have mineral reserves.

Political State in Macao (Maomen), China

As a Special Administrative Region of the PRC, Macau has considerable autonomy, its own laws, legal, monetary, customs and emigration systems, as well as the right to participate in international organizations. It has its own Executive Council with 10 members and a Legislative Council with 27 members. The competence of the legislature includes the adoption of laws, taxes, budget and decisions on socio-economic issues. Laws passed by the Legislative Council are reported to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China, which has the right to consider that a particular law violates the provisions of the Basic Law concerning relations between the central government and Macau. In this case, the law is declared invalid. The central government of the PRC is responsible for defense and diplomatic relations.

Population in Macau (Maomen), China

451 thousand people live in Macau. Most of the population is represented by Chinese (95%). The Portuguese (3%) and representatives of other nationalities also live in this territory.

Macau Geography