Lithuania Geography and Climate

Lithuania is a great place for a relaxing family vacation, for those who want to swim in the sea, breathe fresh clean air and improve their health. The nature of Lithuania is unique, it is carefully protected by Lithuanians. Most of the local beaches have been awarded the “blue flag”. The local balneological centers are known all over the world, because even the crusaders mentioned in their manuscripts the healing properties of the Lithuanian climate and Lithuanian mineral waters. You can add picturesque landscapes, dense pine forests, numerous lakes to all this, and you get an unforgettable vacation, and at a relatively low price.

Spring and autumn are great for sightseeing. The swimming season starts in mid-June and ends at the end of August.

The state language of the country is Lithuanian. The Lithuanian language is divided into two main dialects: Aukštaitian and Samogitian. Modern Lithuanian is based on the Aukštaiti dialect. Many Lithuanians speak Russian well and can communicate in English and Polish.

Geography in Lithuania

According to top-engineering-schools, Lithuania is located in the northeast of Europe. The area of the country is 65,200 sq. km. In the north it borders with Latvia, in the south and east – with Belarus, in the southwest – with Poland and the Kaliningrad region of Russia. From the west, Lithuania is washed by the Baltic Sea. Most of the country’s territory is occupied by a plain, which in the west and east passes into areas with a hilly relief – the Baltic Ridge and the Samogitian Upland. The highest point in Lithuania is Juozapines Hill (293.6 m). On the coast of the Baltic Sea stretches a plain with sand dunes. The largest river is the Neman. There are about 3,000 lakes in Lithuania, the largest of which is Druksiai (42.26 sq. km).

Climate in Lithuania

A temperate climate prevails in Lithuania, on the coast – a mild maritime climate, and in the central part and in the east – continental. The continental nature of some areas is expressed mainly only in less precipitation, since the refreshing “breath” of the Baltic is felt throughout the country. In summer there is no sweltering heat, and in winter – severe frosts.

In July, during the daytime, on average, the air warms up to + 22 degrees, at night it is about 13 degrees of heat. In the central regions in the summer on some days the maximum air temperature can reach + 28.. +30 degrees. In winter, daytime temperatures drop below 0 degrees and are approximately -1..-3 degrees, at night the air temperature drops to -9 degrees.

The annual amount of precipitation in Lithuania ranges from 540 mm in the central regions to 930 mm on the coast southwest of the Samogitian Upland. The rainiest time is the end of summer. The heat of coastal waters does not depend on air temperature, but depends on currents and wind direction; in July, the water temperature can reach + 22 degrees.

Best time to visit:
Spring and autumn are great for sightseeing. The swimming season starts in mid-June and ends at the end of August.


IN Lithuania many beautiful lakes, on each of which you can have a great time enjoying nature, fishing or just swimming. Hotels are located in the vicinity of any of them, and beaches are equipped along the banks. The largest of the lakes in Lithuania – Druksiai, it is located in the northeast of the country and belongs to Lithuania only partially (the border with Belarus passes along the lake). The area of the lake is 45 sq. km, depth up to 32 m.

The famous Trakai lakes (there are about 60 in total) are located 30 km west of Vilnius. The largest of them is Galve (area 3.7 sq. km, depth up to 47 m).

To the south of the city of Zarasai, where the national park has been created, there is a whole labyrinth Ignalina lakes (there are about 200 of them). To the south and west of here, towards Vilnius, there are several more groups of lakes, including the longest (up to 30 km) Lithuanian lake Dubingiai and the deepest – Taurangas (up to 60.5 m deep).

In the vicinity of Druskininkai, there are two deep lakes – Maiden’s Eyes, which were formed on the site of the old channel of the Neman.

Lake Žuvintas is one of the most attractive corners of Zanemanje. Around the lake is an impenetrable bog, overgrown with reeds, shrubs and dwarf birch. One of the largest colonies of mute swans in Europe nests here. They arrive in early March to make large nests, often on the water, that can even support a person.


The excursion program of Lithuania includes visits to ancient cities such as Vilnius, Trakai, Kaunas and Siauliai. In addition, the nature of Lithuania is very interesting, which can be found during excursions to the National Parks.

Lithuania Geography