Liechtenstein Geography and Climate

The small Principality of Liechtenstein, which is located in Central Europe, covers an area of ​​only 160 square meters. km. This is a great place for lovers of hiking, because here you can walk along the picturesque Rhine River valley, the forested foothills of the Alps and Alpine mountain meadows. The local towns and villages have many historical sights, among which are the remains of ancient Roman settlements. The southeastern part of the country is occupied by mountains, where several ski resorts are located.

The best time for skiing is from October to April, and for sightseeing in Liechtenstein and for hiking is from May to the end of September.

The official language of the country is German. Most of the population speaks the Alleman dialect of German, and French and English are used in large shopping centers and tourist centers.

Geography in Liechtenstein

According to top-engineering-schools, the country is located in Central Europe. This small state covers an area of ​​only 160 square meters. km. In the east it borders with Austria, in the south, west and north – with Switzerland.

The country’s terrain is mostly mountainous. Three-quarters of it is occupied by the Rhaetian Alps, the highest point of the country is located on the border with Switzerland – Mount Grauspitz (2599 m). To the north, they give way to rolling foothills called the Three Sisters massif. To the west, the landscape gradually descends to the Rhine valley (430 m above sea level).

The Rhine River flows through the country in the west. There are also several small rivers in the mountains that are fed by glaciers.

Climate in Liechtenstein

The country has a moderate continental type of climate. The climate in the Rhine Valley is milder than that of the mountains. In the summer months, during the day, the air temperature here can reach 26..27 degrees Celsius, and at night it can drop to +13..+15 degrees. In winter, daytime air temperatures range from 2 to 4 degrees Celsius, and at night – from -4 to -2 degrees. In the ski resorts of Liechtenstein during the winter months, there are about 2 degrees of frost during the day, and at night the air temperature can drop to -10 degrees.

In the Rhine valley, up to 800 mm of precipitation falls annually, in the mountains – up to 1200 mm. The main amount of precipitation falls in autumn and winter. At this time in the country there is a warm dry wind from the mountains – foehn. As a rule, it softens the weather conditions.

Best time to visit:
The best time for skiing is from October to April, and for sightseeing in Liechtenstein and for hiking is from May to the end of September.

Types of Tourism in Liechtenstein

SKIING

In the south-east of Liechtenstein, the Rhaetian Alps rise, where there are several ski resorts. The country’s most popular ski resorts are Malbun and Stag. Malbun is located 17 km from the capital of the country at an altitude of 1,600 m above sea level. The height difference within the resort is 400m. There are 18 runs with a total length of 21 km, more than half of which are considered “easy” for skiing and more suitable for beginners. The longest track is 2 km long. The resort has 7 lifts. Malbun has a fun park with a half-pipe for snowboarders and an ice skating rink. Tourists stay in upscale hotels with restaurants, bars and fitness centers. Stag resort is located at an altitude of 1300 m above sea level. It is more suitable for cross-country skiers. There are three flat trails 4, 12 and 12.5 km long, which are illuminated at night.

ECOTOURISM

There are 9 nature reserves on the territory of the country, in which areas of natural vegetation and nesting places of birds are protected, also in 1989 the mountainous regions of the Alps with an area of 6,000 hectares were declared a nature protection zone. In the very north near the city of Ruggell is the Ruggeller Rayet Nature Reserve.. Here is the lowest place in the country, its height is 430 m. The reserve covers an area of 96 hectares, which is home to 82 species of spiders, 408 species of beetles, as well as the endangered bird corncrake. In the town of Mauren, it is worth visiting the Birka nature reserve, where you can see birds from all over the world.

HIKING

In the Principality of Liechtenstein there are opportunities for hiking. The total length of hiking trails in the country is 400 km. Some of the most interesting routes are the hiking trails between the villages in the Samina Valley, which is located near the capital of the country, the routes along the highest mountain range Raticon in the southeast of the country and the terraced hiking trails along the Rhine Valley accessible from the town of Planken.

EXCURSIONS

The most popular excursions are tours of the ancient cities and villages of the country, excursions are also arranged in the picturesque landscapes of the Principality – the Rhine Valley and mountainous regions.

Liechtenstein Geography