Latvia Geography and Climate

Latvia is located between Lithuania and Estonia on the coast of the Baltic Sea. The western coast of the country during the summer becomes the main holiday destination for Latvians, as well as numerous tourists from Europe and other parts of the world. Some wellness centers are also located here, where with the help of water procedures and a healing microclimate, you can strengthen your body. In other seasons, Latvia offers vacationers to see the country’s historical sights, including castles and palaces, churches and cathedrals, as well as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe – Riga.

The best time to visit Latvia is from April to September, when it is warm and dry. The peak of the tourist season falls on the period from the end of June to August, at which time all beach resorts are overcrowded.

The official state language is Latvian. English, German and Swedish are widely used in major tourist centers. Almost all locals understand Russian.

Geography in Latvia

According to top-engineering-schools, Latvia is located in Eastern Europe. The total area of the country is 64.5 thousand square meters. km. In the north it borders with Estonia, in the south – with Lithuania, in the east – with Russia and Belarus. In the west it is washed by the Baltic Sea. The relief within the country is flat with slightly pronounced hills. Average heights are 100-200 m above sea level, the highest point is Mount Gaizinkalns (has a height of 312 m above sea level). There are more than 700 rivers on the territory of Latvia, all of them belong to the Baltic Sea basin. The main river of the country – Daugava, flowing through the territory of Russia is called the Western Dvina, other important rivers – Gauja, Lielupe and Venta. Wetlands and lakes are located in the southeast of the country.

Climate in Latvia

The climate in Latvia is temperate, near the coast – maritime, and in the east – continental. The hottest month is July, on the sea coast the average daily temperature at this time is +20 degrees, in continental regions – 23 degrees of heat. At night, the air temperature in summer does not fall below 10 degrees. The coldest month is January, during the day in January, mild frosts are observed on the coast of about -1 degrees, in the east – up to -5, at night in the west of the country the air temperature in January drops to -6 degrees, in continental regions – to -11, but sometimes 30-degree frosts are also observed.

Precipitation falls up to 500-800 mm per year, mainly in late summer and autumn, when up to 80 mm of precipitation is observed monthly.

Water in the summer warms up to +23 degrees.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Latvia is from April to September, when it is warm and dry. The peak tourist season is from late June to August, at which time all beach resorts are overcrowded.

Types of Tourism in Latvia


Latvia is washed by the waters of the Baltic Sea from the west, so in the summer the local coast is filled with tourists. Jurmala is the largest and most popular resort in the country. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Riga, 20 km from Riga. Sandy beaches stretch for 32 km, all of them meet European standards and all have been awarded the blue flag of the European Union. In addition to the warm sea and the sun, Jurmala is known for its microclimate – pine trees grow around, which make the air cleaner here. Jurmala consists of 12 beach areas, each of which has its own railway station. The main regions are Lielupe and Bulduri. Lielupe is a quiet holiday village with elite cottages and a water park that can accommodate up to 1500 tourists at a time. Locals go to Bulduri for the weekend to rest. The best sanatoriums are located in the areas of Pumpuri, Melluzhi, Vaivari, Jaunkemeri.

Another popular holiday destination is Ventspils . It was the Ventspils beach that was the very first in Latvia to receive the coveted blue flag, demonstrating that all norms are met and the beach meets all EU standards. There is a Seaside Park, a children’s playground and a water amusement park.

For those who do not like tourist-filled beaches, a holiday on Vedzemsky seaside. This region is located north of Riga on the coast of the Gulf of Riga. The most famous beaches in the region are Vecaki (the widest on the Baltic Sea), Garciems, Garupe (it is quite quiet and not very crowded here), rocky beaches near Thuja, beaches in Saulkrasti and beaches in Svetciems. The Liepaja resort is located in the very south of the Baltic coast of the country. It is known for its Seaside Park – the largest park in Latvia (more than 50 hectares). WELLNESS IN Jurmala there are unique mineral springs and therapeutic muds, and Ķemeri and Jaunkemeri are known as medical and spa centers with sulfur springs and mud baths. In local balneological centers you will be offered hydrogen sulfide baths that stimulate the regeneration of damaged tissues, have an anti-inflammatory effect, help in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, peripheral nervous and female reproductive systems, strengthen bones, joints, normalize heart function; bromine-iodine baths, which are prescribed for diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, musculoskeletal system, digestive organs, skin, endocrine system, gynecological diseases, and are also used for hypothyroidism and pharyngitis; all kinds of procedures – Charcot shower, circular shower, pearl baths.


Basically it is wreck diving to sunken ships in the Baltic Sea and the Irben Strait. An interesting place near the town of Pavilosta. The ships here are at depths of 10 to 30 meters, and visibility reaches 12 m. The most popular of them are called “Cement” and “Tires” among divers.


On the hilly coast of the Vidzeme region in the north-east of Latvia, 53 km from Riga, there is the resort town of Sigulda – one of the centers of skiing in Latvia. The most interesting here is the bobsleigh track with artificial ice, which is maintained all year round. This track is one of the fastest and most reliable in the world. In addition, Sigulda has specially equipped and illuminated ski, slalom and toboggan runs. The highest point in the country – Gaizinkalns (311.6 meters above sea level) is located in the

Madona region of Latvia. Modern ski slopes are equipped here, this area is notable for the fact that there are no large industrial enterprises on its territory, and therefore the ecological environment has remained almost untouched. Not far from Cēsis is the ski center Žagarkalns

. There are 7 trails to choose from, four of them are about 200 meters long (height difference – 50 meters), the rest – 180-220 meters with a height difference of 45 meters. 11 ski lifts deliver skiers to the slopes.


There are a lot of lakes in Latvia where you can have a great time. The Latgale region is called the “land of blue lakes”, it is here that the largest lake in Latvia – Lubanas (82.1 sq. M) – and the deepest lake Dridzis (maximum depth – 63 m), which is the deepest in the Baltics, are located. In Latgale there is also the second largest lake Razna (near the city of Rezekne), lake Ezhezers with 36 islands and lake Chertok, which is famous for the peculiar color of the water. Interesting lakes nearby Daugavpils . These are the Svante and Medum lakes.


Latvia is a very interesting country in terms of nature. There are many secluded places, almost untouched by human hand. In Salacgrīva in the north-east of Latvia there is the only biosphere reserve in the country, in Vidzeme it is interesting to visit the Gauja National Park with many caves, which contain almost allspecies of bats rarely found in Latvia, it is recommended to visit the Ķemeri National Park, where unique species of plants and animals.


No excursion program in Latvia is complete without visiting one of the most beautiful cities in Europe – Riga. In addition, there are a lot of ancient cities in the country, which are also worth visiting, because in almost every one of them you will see castles, palaces and churches.

Latvia Geography