Kenya Geography and Climate

Kenya is world famous for its protected areas. Many tourists come here to go on safari through the country’s National Parks, where you can see an exciting phenomenon – the Great Migration of Animals. Between July and September, thousands of wildebeests, gazelles and zebras, along with large predators, come to southern Kenya from Tanzania in search of food. Kenya is a paradise for ecotourism lovers. The country’s landscapes range from arid coastal plains to forested highlands. The ancient Rift Valley crosses the western part of Kenya. In its vicinity there are snow-capped peaks of extinct and dormant volcanoes and numerous salt and fresh lakes with rich flora and fauna. Along the east coast of Kenya stretch sandy beaches, which are surrounded by colorful coral reefs.

Traveling in Kenya is possible all year round, however, to avoid rainy weather, it is worth coming to the country from January to March or from July to September. It is best to go to the Masai Mara National Park during the season of animal migration from the neighboring Serengeti Park – from July to September. The best time for diving in Kenya is from January to March.

The official language of Kenya is English, it is taught in schools and all government documents are written. But most of the population speaks Swahili (the language of the Bantu peoples with Arabic dialects), so it is considered the national language. In addition, there are over 40 vernaculars in Kenya.

Geography in Kenya

According to top-engineering-schools, Kenya is located in East Africa on both sides of the equator. It borders Tanzania in the south, Uganda in the west, Sudan in the northwest, Ethiopia in the north, Somalia in the northeast, and the Indian Ocean in the southeast. The area of the country is 580 thousand square meters. km.

Coastal plains stretch off the coast of the Indian Ocean, which go deep into the mainland in the north-eastern part of the country and turn into an arid plateau. The western part of the country is crossed by the East African Rift Valley, in which Lake Rudolph (Lake Turkana) lies. On both sides of the Rift Valley rises the Central Highlands with average heights of up to 3000 m, where the highest points of the country, Mount Kenya, are located.(5199 m) (the second highest point in Africa) and Elgon (4321 m). The uplands gradually decrease to the west and east.

In the southwest of the country is part of Lake Victoria. Victoria is the largest lake on the African continent and the second largest freshwater lake on Earth. Its area is 68 thousand square meters. km. Kenya, along with Tanzania and Uganda, divides Lake Victoria into 3 parts. Kenya owns the smallest of these parts with an area of 3785 square meters. km.

The main rivers of the country are the Tana and Galana, which flow into the Indian Ocean, as well as the Nzoya, Yala, Mara and Gori, which flow into Lake Victoria.

Climate in Kenya

Kenya has a subequatorial type of climate. The hottest and driest place in Kenya is the northeastern plateau and the vicinity of Lake Rudolf. In February-March daytime temperatures reach here 36..38 degrees of heat, and nighttime temperatures drop to +24..+26 degrees. In July-August during the day the air warms up to +32..+34 degrees, and at night it cools down to +22..+24 degrees. In the Central Highlands, the air temperature is highly dependent on the height of the area. For example, in the capital of the country, which is located at an altitude of 1800 m above sea level, in January there are about 25 degrees of heat during the day, and about +12 degrees at night, in July – +21 and +11 degrees, respectively. At high altitudes, frosts are not uncommon at night, and the country’s highest point, Mount Kenya, is covered with snow all year round. On the coast, the climate is milder. In January, during the day, the air warms up to +29..

During the year, Kenya has two rainy seasons: a pronounced one from March to June and a less pronounced one from October to December. Most rain falls in the south of the Indian Ocean and in the west of the country (on the eastern slopes of the Central Highlands). In these regions, up to 1500 mm of precipitation is recorded per year. In the extreme north-east of the country, up to 500 mm of precipitation falls per year, and in the north-western part of the country, near Lake Rudolf, up to 200 mm of precipitation per year.

Best time to visit:
Traveling in Kenya is possible all year round, however, to avoid rainy weather, it is worth coming to the country from January to March or from July to September. It is best to go to the Masai Mara National Park during the season of animal migration from the neighboring Serengeti Park – from July to September. The best time for diving in Kenya is from January to March.

Kenya Geography

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