Jordan Geography and Climate

Jordan is a country with a long history, the territory of which began to be settled as early as the 4th millennium BC. Jordan is mentioned in the Bible – the main biblical events took place here. The country is full of historical and natural attractions from different eras. Among the deserts rise Caliph palaces and oases, and on the mountains are the ruins of Greco-Roman cities, adjacent to the castles of the crusaders. Jordan is part of the lowest place on the planet – the Dead Sea depression, whose waters are known for their healing properties, as well as the resort town of Aqaba with a colorful underwater world of coastal waters.

The best time to visit Jordan is spring and autumn, when it is not so hot and there is little chance of rain. On the coast of the Red Sea you can relax all year round.

The official language of Jordan is Arabic. English is widely spoken in business and tourism.

Geography in Jordan

According to top-engineering-schools, Jordan is located in the Middle East, in the northwest of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders on Syria in the north, Israel in the west, Saudi Arabia in the south and east, and Iraq in the northeast. In the southwest, a small part of the country is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Aqaba of the Red Sea. The area of the country is 89 thousand square meters. km.

Most of the territory of Jordan (80%) is occupied by a desert plateau. It starts from the banks of the Jordan River in the west, gradually rising and reaching heights of 900 m. Further east, it gradually decreases, passing into the Syrian Desert in the northeast. In the west of the country, the rift valley stretches, which includes the Jordan River, the Dead Sea and the Wadi Araba depression. The highest point of the country – Mount Jebel Ram (1734 m) is located in the southern part Jordan, the lowest – on the coast of the Dead Sea (408 m below sea level).

The largest river in the country is the Jordan River, which flows along its western border. Jordan is part of the Dead Sea. The length of the Dead Sea is about 80 km, and the maximum width is 16 km. The Dead Sea is the lowest point in the world. The sea got its name because of the absence of any life in its waters, because the salinity of the water is 350 grams of salt per 1 kg of water.

Climate in Jordan

In the north-west of Jordan, a subtropical Mediterranean type of climate prevails, in other regions – a tropical desert. The hottest and driest areas of Jordan are the Dead Sea, which is located below sea level. In the months preceding and after summer, a hot desert wind, the khamsin, often blows here.

The coolest month is January. At this time, in the north-west of the country during the daytime, the air warms up to 11..13 degrees Celsius, and at night the air temperature drops to +2..+4 degrees, in the desert areas during the day it is up to 15..17 degrees Celsius, and at night – +4..+6. The hottest month in Jordan is August. In August, daytime temperatures in the north-west of the country can reach +32 degrees, night – +18, in desert areas the daytime heat reaches +42 degrees, and at night the air temperature drops to +16 degrees.

Precipitation in Jordan is uneven. In the desert, it falls from 150 mm in the west to several mm in the east, within the rift valley – up to 200 mm, in the elevated regions of the northwestern part of the country – up to 600 mm of precipitation per year. The greatest amount of precipitation is observed from November to April. In desert regions, up to 10 mm of precipitation per month falls in winter, and up to 100 mm in the northwest.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Jordan is in spring and autumn when it is not so hot and there is little chance of rain. On the coast of the Red Sea you can relax all year round.


Jordan is an ancient country that is mentioned in the Bible. On its territory there are many historical and cultural monuments, as well as natural attractions. Jordan Squaresmall and all tourist places are connected by good roads, so you can easily see them during several excursions.

Jordan Geography