Jamaica Geography and Climate

Jamaica is a sunny country, the birthplace of unhurried reggae rhythms and free from any prejudice Bob Marley. Many people dream of living on this island, of course, because it feels like no one works here, but everyone just basks on the sandy beaches and the hot tropical sun.

Every corner of Jamaica is decorated with bright vegetation, among which the most incredible animals live. The sunset here is seen off with music, and the dawn is met with incessant noisy parties, where Jamaican rum flows like a river.

The weather in Jamaica is good all year round, and from December to April it is simply magnificent. The rest of the year is recklessly called the rainy season, and it consists in short tropical downpours that only save you from the midday heat.

The official language of Jamaica is English, but the locals speak Patois, a mixture of English and Creole.

Geography in Jamaica

According to top-engineering-schools, Jamaica is located in one of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean. The country has an area of 10,991 sq. km. Most of the island occupies a plateau with altitudes of about 900 m above sea level. In the east of the island are the Blue Mountains, which are two ridges. The highest point of these mountains is the Blue Peak (2256 m).

In the west of Jamaica is a hilly basin. As a result of karst processes, gorges and underground rivers were formed in this area. Lowlands stretch along the southern and western coasts of the country.

There are about 120 rivers in Jamaica, the main one being the Black River. The country has a fairly high seismic hazard, so earthquakes sometimes occur.

Climate in Jamaica

Jamaica has a tropical climate. Most of the year, steady northeast winds blow here – trade winds. Air temperatures depend on the height of the area, but during the year they change little.

In the summer months, the air warms up to +33 degrees during the day, and about 25 degrees of heat is observed at night. The coldest month is January. The air temperature in January ranges from +21 at night to +30 degrees during the day.

In the mountains during the day it is not higher than +20 degrees Celsius in summer and about +15 degrees in winter.

On average, about 1900 mm of precipitation falls on the island per year. It is drier on the southern coast – up to 700 mm of precipitation is observed here with a maximum in September (180 mm). In the mountains, on the windward northeastern slopes, up to 8000 mm of precipitation can fall. The rainy season in Jamaica lasts from May to October, at which time tropical hurricanes sometimes hit the island, reaching their greatest strength in August and September, but most of them bypass Jamaica.

Best time to visit:
Jamaica has good weather all year round, and from December to April, it’s just gorgeous. The rest of the year is recklessly called the rainy season, and it consists in short tropical downpours that only save you from the midday heat.

History in Jamaica

The first island of Jamaica was settled by Indians who sailed here from South America. Most of them belonged to the Taino Indians. In 1494, the expedition of Christopher Columbus first visited the island and already in 1506 it was given to the Spanish crown. To work on local plantations, the colonialists began to import slaves from Africa.

In 1655, the territory of the island was captured by English troops. In the fight against the Spaniards, they even resorted to the help of pirates, and in 1670 Spain gave Jamaica to England, but with one condition – the British had to put an end to piracy on the island. In subsequent years, the plantation economy began to develop at a rapid pace.

In the 18th century, Jamaica became the main supplier of sugar in the world. The slaves who worked on the plantations were dissatisfied with the conditions of their existence, in the period from the 17th to the 19th centuries, about 30 uprisings took place on the island, communities began to form that waged a partisan struggle. This struggle led to the abolition of slavery and the prohibition of the slave trade. Many slaves left the plantations and sugar production was almost halved. Former slaves either stopped working or became free laborers, but still worked for the “white elite”. Then the government decided to import hired workers from India and China. Unrest in the country continued. To resolve the conflict, the authorities made some concessions, and by 1930 members of African and mixed origin sat in the government.

The emerging decline in sugar production gave impetus to the cultivation of bananas. During the heyday of this branch of the economy, most of the banana plantations were bought by the Americans, then ideas of nationalism began to appear in society. In the middle of the 20th century, a wave of bloody riots took place across the country. The consequence of this was the permission of the island for internal self-government, and in 1962 Jamaica gained independence. Foreign capital began to be attracted to the country, and in 1963 an agreement was signed with the United States on military and economic assistance. But there were many poor people in the country who fought for their rights. Strikes were suppressed mainly by military means.

In 1972, with the support of the lower strata of the population, the People’s National Party became the ruling party, which headed for democratic socialism. Successes were not long in coming – the country’s literacy rate rose sharply and capital flight stopped. A serious event in the life of the country was the victory in the election of the African Prime Minister Percival Patterson, after which the masses ceased to revolt. However, now Jamaica has its own difficulties – the crime rate is quite high and the drug trade is widespread.

Jamaica Geography