Ireland Geography and Climate

Ireland is a country where the descendants of freedom-loving Celtic tribes live, who had to fight for their independence for centuries. This is a land of wild nature, where impregnable cliffs with colonies of birds rise along the coast. Ireland is full of historical sights – the remains of ancient settlements, mysterious burials dating back to the 3rd millennium BC, as well as medieval castles. The rivers and lakes of the country are rich in fish, and on the coasts, free from rocks, sandy beaches stretch, where you can have a great rest in the summer.

The best time to travel around the country is from June to September, when the weather is warm.

The country has two official languages – Irish (Gaelic) and English. On January 1, 2007, Irish also became one of the official languages of the European Union. The Irish government has decided to make Irish the dominant language. It is studied in schools, it is spoken on radio and television, but only a tenth of the population knows it. In everyday life, most Irish people continue to speak English.

Geography in Ireland

According to top-engineering-schools, Ireland is located in Western Europe on the island of the same name (the second largest in the group of the British Isles and the third largest in Europe) and occupies most of it. The area of the country is 84.4 thousand square meters. km.

In the east, the country is washed by the Irish Sea, the straits of North and St. George, in the west, north and south – by the Atlantic Ocean. The interior of Ireland It occupies for the most part the marshy Central Lowland, where the main number of rivers flow and many lakes are located. The longest river in the country is the Shannon (length – 350 km), the largest lake is Lough Neagh. Low mountains stretch along the northern, southern and western coasts (the highest point is located in the southwest in the mountains of County Kerry, this is Mount Carantuill with a height of 1041 m). Along these same coasts there are many sea bays that cut into the mountains, forming rocky shores. The country’s largest bays are Galway, Shannon, Dingle and Donegal to the west and Loch Foyle to the north. Not far from here are small rocky islands.

Climate in Ireland

The climate of Ireland is temperate maritime. The warm North Atlantic current runs off the western coast of Ireland, which, together with southwestern winds from the Atlantic Ocean, brings warm and humid air masses. Winters are mild and summers are cool. The warmest month is July, at this time during the day the air warms up to +18..+20 degrees, and at night it cools down to 9..11 degrees of heat. The coldest month is January. In January, daytime air temperatures reach 7..9 degrees Celsius, and nighttime temperatures – 2..4 degrees Celsius. Temperature differences within the country are hardly noticeable, but the distribution of precipitation across the country is uneven. On average, up to 1200 mm of precipitation falls per year in Ireland, with a maximum in winter (in December). The maximum amount of precipitation falls in the west of the country, where the influence of the Atlantic is strong, up to 1600 mm of precipitation falls here annually. In the east of the country and in its central parts, about 80-100 mm of precipitation is observed in December. It is worth noting that drizzling rain in Ireland is a fairly frequent phenomenon, only in the period from May to August the number of sunny days per month reaches 20.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit the country is from June to September when the weather is warm.


In Ireland, nature is cherished, numerous national parks and reserves have been created here, so the island attracts lovers of ecotourism.

One of the country’s first parks was Killarney National Park, which is located in the mountains of County Kerry. It was founded in 1932. The park is the only habitat for Irish red deer, here is the highest point in the country – Mount Carantuill, and in the central part of the park there are 3 lakes – Upper, Middle and Lower. These lakes are of glacial origin, they are surrounded by mountain relict forests. In the park, you can also visit the small but very beautiful waterfalls of Tork, where water flows over numerous ledges. Barren National ParkĀ is located in County Clare.. This is an area with karst relief, covering an area of 300 square meters. km. The local karst landscape has been shaped by glaciers, rain and wind. The national park is literally pitted with underground caves, cracks, springs and abysses, among which you can see alpine and Mediterranean plants. But the most interesting in the park are all kinds of dolmens (ancient man-made stone structures made of large stones or stone slabs). Basically, these are tombs that were created 6000 years ago.

In the southwest of Ireland on the peninsula of Iverah is the road “Ring of Kerry”. Its length is 170 km. The journey starts from Callarnay and passes through Kenmare, Snim, Waterville, Cahersiven, Kells, Glenbale and Killorglin. Tour buses run counter-clockwise around the Ring of Kerry. While traveling along it, you will see mountainous areas and rocky shores.

In the east of the country, in County Wicklow, south of Dublin, there is the National Park of the same name. It was founded in 1991. Its area is about 16,000 hectares. Mountains stretch on the territory of the park, there are lakes, as well as archaeological sites with the remains of ancient monastic settlements, Glindalof can be distinguished among such places.

Ireland Geography