Important Information about Spain

Capital: Madrid


Time zone: GMT+1, -2 hours Moscow time. On the Canary Islands -3 hours to Moscow.


The voltage in electrical networks is 220 volts.


Public transport is quite well developed in Spain, operates on a tight schedule and is represented by such types as metro, electric trains, buses, taxis. Spanish settlements that are in demand for tourism, as a rule, also have special “tourist buses”, a subscription for which costs about 15 euros, providing an unlimited number of movements on this type of transport for several days. As a rule, such bus routes cover all major city attractions.

Not so long ago, a special tourist train began to run in Spain, called “Expreso de la Robla”.

Spanish electric trains are very popular among tourists from different countries, the cost of tickets for which is much lower than for similar bus routes, in addition, electric trains also save time on the road, because they move at a higher speed than buses.

Timetables for local buses, trains, and electric trains, as a rule, are located at the “reception” in most hotels in Spain.

Spain is one of those countries where you can use taxi services by “voting” on the streets, but you can call a taxi by phone – both from the hotel and from the many Spanish cafes and restaurants.

If you do not want to use public transport, in Spain there is such a service as car rental. For renting you will need: an international driver’s license and a passport, and it is necessary that your age exceeds 21 years. The approximate cost of a daily car rental in Spain ranges from 30 to 80 euros.

Some companies that provide this service require a security deposit (in some cases equal to the total rent) or, also as a security deposit, a credit card. It is best to arrange a car rental in large well-known organizations.

If you are driving a rented (or personal) car in Spain, try to choose paid routes (the quality of which is much higher than that of free roads), as a rule, they make the trip more comfortable and allow you to reduce fuel consumption by shortening the path.

In addition, resort areas usually provide a service such as rental of road or mountain bikes (the daily rental price usually ranges from 9 to 15 euros per day), as well as motorcycles (the rental price is from 12 to 60 euros per day, depending from the selected vehicle model).


When traveling to the Canary Islands, it is advisable to get vaccinated to prevent hepatitis A.


You can use international communication services both in hotels and in special call centers, however, the cost of such calls will be much higher than the cost of calls of the same duration in telephone booths “Telefonica”. To pay for negotiations, both euro coins and Tarjeta telefonica telephone cards, sold in hotels, as well as tobacco kiosks, are used.

Access to international communication is 00, then the code of the country you need is dialed (the code of the Russian Federation is 7) and the subscriber’s number.

Telephone numbers for emergency calls:

  • 091 – national police of Spain;
  • 092 – local police unit;
  • 22-22-22 – branch of the “Red Cross”;
  • 061 – ambulance;
  • 080 – fire service.

Phone numbers for help information:

  • 093 – information about the exact time;
  • 098 – help desk.

The shops

Usually Spanish shops are open from 9 am to 1 pm and from 4 pm to 8 pm on weekdays, large shopping centers, as a rule, do not take a break for a siesta (afternoon rest). On Saturday, shops are open until 13:00, Sunday is usually a day off. See liuxers for Spain customs and traditions.


Since 2002, the national currency of Spain has been the euro. Until 2002, there was another currency in Spain – the peseta, now the peseta is not in circulation, although prices in Spanish stores are traditionally indicated in euros and pesetas. Euro includes banknotes of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 euros, as well as coins of 2, 1, 0.50, 0.20, 0.10, 0.05, 0.02 and 0, 01 euro.

The most favorable exchange rate for tourists is offered by banks that do not charge a commission fee for conducting trading operations. Banking hours: from 9 to 14 hours on weekdays, from 9 to 12 hours on Saturday, Sunday is a day off.

In addition to banks, currency can be exchanged at special currency exchange offices, hotels, and travel agencies. Many hotels and hotel complexes have ATMs. Most shopping and entertainment establishments in Spain accept leading international credit cards as well as travelers checks.


In Spain, it is customary to give waiters, maids, taxi drivers and guides serving tourist excursion programs, the usual tip, as a rule, does not exceed 5-10% of the total cost of the paid order. At the same time, it should be noted that tips are not an indispensable condition for payment and are left solely as a reward for impeccable service.

Important Information about Spain