The capital of Poland is Warsaw.
It is 2 hours behind Moscow.
Language of Poland
The official language of the country is Polish. English and Russian languages are quite actively used. See liuxers for Poland customs and traditions.
The currency in the country is the złoty (PLN).
Most often there is no currency exchange in Polish branches of banks. Hand exchange is prohibited in the country. Money exchange is carried out at Kantor exchange offices. Almost any European currency is accepted here. In some places, Russian rubles are also accepted, but at a very unfavorable rate.
Credit cards are also accepted in restaurants, hotels, gas stations and major stores: Diners Club, VISA, MasterCard, JCB, Eurocard and American Express. Usually in places where credit cards are accepted, relevant information is given on display windows or doors.
Banks work from 8:30 – 13:00 on weekdays (central offices are open until 17:00). Some banks work until 18:00.
The work of currency exchange offices is carried out until 19:00-20:00.
1 PLN = 100 groszy, 1 EUR ≅ 3.92 PLN, 1 USD ≅ 2.88 PLN.
You can call abroad and anywhere in the country from any payphone, as well as from the post office or from the hotel. There are 3 types of telephones in Poland: two types of payphones that work with telephone cards and accept tokens. Tokens and phone cards can be purchased at newsstands, post offices and hotels.
To make a long-distance call, you must dial: 0 – 4-digit code (optional) – two-digit city code – subscriber number.
For an international call, you need to dial: 00 – country code – city code – subscriber number.
To call the police, you need to dial – 997, ambulance – 999, fire brigade – 998, round-the-clock car assistance service – 981, city guards in Warsaw – 986.
Telephone codes of some cities in Poland: Bialystok, Vasilkow – 85, Brzesko, Tarnow – 14, Bygdoszcz – 52, Brodnica, Torun – 56, Warsaw – 22, Wroclaw, Trzebnica – 71, Gliwice, Dombowa-Gornicza, Katowice, Tarnowskie-Gory – 32, Gdynia, Gdansk, Sopot – 58, Debica – 197, Rzeszow – 17, Elena Góra – 75, Zielona Góra – 68, Zamosc – 84, Zakopane – 18, Konin – 63, Kuno, Plock – 24, Krakow – 12, Lemrock, Slupsk – 59, Legnica – 76, Lublin – 81, Lodz – 42, Malbork, Elblag – 55, Opole – 77, Olsztyn – 89, Przemysl – 16, Poznan – 61, Radom – 48, Siedlce – 25, Swinoujscie, Szczecin – 91, Tarnobrzeg – 15, Tomaszow Mazowiecki – 44, Czestochowa – 34, Helm – 82, Jawor – 76.
All major Russian operators have GPRS roaming. There are many Wi-Fi access points provided in Poland. You can also visit an Internet cafe to get regular access to the network.
On weekdays, shops in Poland are open from 9:00 – 17:00 (many are open until 19:00) and from 9:00 – 14:00 on Saturdays.
Grocery stores located in major cities of the country are open on weekdays from 6:00 – 18:00 (some until 19:00) and from 7:00 – 13:00 on Saturdays.
On holidays and Sundays, many supermarkets are open in the country.
The main type of long-distance transport in the country is the Polish Railways, but in some regions, especially in the eastern part, trains run quite rarely.
Public urban transport in Poland are trams, buses and trolleybuses, and in the city of Warsaw there is also a metro.
Tickets can be purchased at the metro station, as well as at tobacco and newsstands. When buying a ticket from the driver, a surcharge of PLN 0.6 is required.
A single standard ticket for any type of public transport will cost PLN 2.4. From 9:00 to 14:00 on weekdays, such a ticket will cost 2 PLN.
Taxi is one of the common modes of transport in the country, marked with the inscription “Taxi” and on the door with the number of the telephone company. The car can be ordered by phone or taken at a special parking lot.
There are two tariffs in this type of transport: night (starting from 22:00 – 6:00) and day (from 6:00 – 22:00, much cheaper), as well as tariffs for weekends and out-of-town trips.
The base price for landing is PLN 6, the cost per kilometer is PLN 3 during the day and PLN 6 at night. An hour of waiting is PLN 40. Within the central part of the city, the average cost of a trip is from PLN 12 – 15, ordering a trip to sleeping areas will be from PLN 25 – 30.
If the car does not have a meter, the price should be negotiated in advance.
Rent a Car
When renting a car in Poland, you need to present an international driving license and a credit card, you can also rent a car on bail.
The tenant must be at least 21 years old (some salons provide a car for rent to persons who have reached at least 23 years of age).
You can also drive in the country with a new Russian driving license. When staying in the country for more than six months, you should change your license to Polish.
In restaurants, tips are usually 10% of the total bill. If the invoice does not include the cost of services, it is recommended to round the invoice. Tipping is not customary in taxis.
Since the crime rate in the country is quite high, you should be careful in transport and other crowded places.
- It is not recommended to carry a large amount of money with you.
- Securities and passports should be kept in places inaccessible to strangers.
Since November 2010, the country has introduced a ban on smoking in public places. The fine for smoking in a public place is PLN 500.