Hungary Geography and Climate

For a relatively small country located in the center of Europe, Hungary has a surprisingly diverse tourist potential. Here you will find options for recreation for almost every taste. Classical music lovers will be attracted by numerous festivals in Budapest, connoisseurs of architectural delights will enjoy the historical districts of the capital and the old streets of Eger, completely designed in the Baroque style.

Those wishing to improve their health during the Hungarian holidays will appreciate the local balneological resorts that have been popular among Europeans for over a hundred years. The baths of Budapest, as well as the lakes of Heviz and Balaton, in addition to the therapeutic effect, will also provide tourists with incomparable aesthetic pleasure.

And if a trip to Hungary fell on the winter months, then there is a reason to go to the country’s ski resorts – to Matra and Bukk. And the baths in those resorts where there are thermal springs do not close even in severe frost.

In Hungary, the most comfortable seasons are spring and autumn – at this time, quite warm weather prevails here.

The official language is Hungarian. English and German are also widely used in the country. In some resort areas, the staff understands Russian.

Geography in Hungary

According to top-engineering-schools, most of Hungary is occupied by the Middle Danube Plain, surrounded by mountains. The Danube River divides the country into two parts. To the east of the Danube lies the Great Middle Danube Lowland, indented by the channels of the Tisza and its tributaries. It lies at an altitude of about 200 m above sea level. Floods are frequent on the Danube and the Tisza. To the north of the plain, in a range of low mountains, is the highest point in Hungary – the city of Kekes (1015 m). The lands to the west of the Danube are a hilly plain. The largest lake in Central Europe, Lake Balaton, with an area of 600 km2, is also located here. The lands of the Central Danube Lowland are actively cultivated, however, about 18% of the country’s territory, especially on the hills, is covered with forests.

Climate in Hungary

The climate of Hungary is temperate continental with cold winters and warm summers. Sea winds only occasionally penetrate inland. The average temperature in July in Budapest is 22 o C, in January -1 o, sometimes it rains. The annual rainfall reaches 600 mm. Hungary is famous for its long and warm spring and autumn. In winter, cold periods are interspersed with thaws, which is associated with the influence of the Atlantic air masses that periodically come to Hungary from the west. However, the snow cover lasts from 30 to 40 days, and the Danube is often completely covered with ice for a long time.

Best time to visit:
In Hungary, the most comfortable seasons are spring and autumn – at this time, fairly warm weather prevails here.


National parks on the territory of Hungary also provide rich opportunities for recreation for fans of ecotourism. Today, there are 5 national parks and more than 130 nature reserves in the country.

The oldest is Hortobad National Park located in the Hungarian steppes. close to Debrecen. A significant part of the Hortobad steppe is occupied by a swamp overgrown with reeds and lakes full of fish. Rare wild birds are found on the banks of reservoirs.

Another interesting park is located between the Danube and Tisza rivers, in Kishkunshag. The tourist immediately finds himself in the harsh world of sandy hills and quicksand, which are not very friendly to both humans and animals. Here, in the central part of Hungary, precipitation is extremely rare, and the sun is scorching mercilessly – as a result, local landscapes acquire desert motifs. The local fauna is also very interesting. The colony of the largest runners in Europe numbers many hundreds of specimens here.

Caves of Aggtelek

The caves are the largest stalactite caves in Europe and are located in the Aggtelek National Park, which is located on Hungary ‘s northeastern border with Slovakia. They formed over 200 million years ago. In total, there are more than 260 caves with a total length of 17 kilometers in Hungary. An underground stream flows in the caves, there are many small and large halls. For tourists, simple and complex routes are laid. The easy routes are illuminated concrete pavements, while the difficult routes are unlit, longer and only accessible to groups with lanterns and guides.

Hungary Geography