The only viable ways to get to Greenland are by cruise or by plane.
Airplane: the national airline in Greenland is Air Greenland. From Copenhagen (Denmark) it flies to several airports in Greenland. There are no direct flights from Germany, Switzerland and Austria to Greenland, in Denmark or Iceland you have to change planes.
Air Greenland flies four times a week from Copenhagen to Kangerlussuaq all year round and once a week to Narsarsuaq, more often in summer.
Air Iceland flies from Reykjavik (Iceland) to Narsarsuaq (South Greenland) twice a week from mid-June to early September. Air Iceland also flies once or twice a week from Reykjavik to Kulusuk and from Reykjavik to Nerlerit Inaat (Constable Point) throughout the year.
Due to the sometimes extreme Greenland weather conditions, delays and cancellations in air traffic can occur again and again. When traveling in Greenland you should therefore plan enough time and, if necessary, contact the airline before departure.
Airports: the main international airports are Kangerlussuaq (SFJ, Søndre Strømfjord) and Narsarsuaq (UAK). Other regions of Greenland are only served in summer.
Smaller airports in Greenland are Kulusuk (KUS), Nuuk (GOH, Godthåb), Pituffik (THU) and Neerlerit Inaat (CNP).
Ship: There are no ferries to Greenland. Royal Arctic Line cargo ships run from Aalborg (Denmark) to Greenland about once a week, but no passengers are accepted here.
However, several cruise lines have Greenland in their program. Cruises to Greenland are always expensive, but when you consider the cost of transportation in Greenland, they are not significantly more expensive than comparable tours on mainland Greenland. Prices vary greatly depending on comfort and the number of anchorages. A change in the ice conditions can result in short-term changes to the route.
Greenland: entry requirements
Greenland is an equal part of Denmark, but Greenland is not part of the Schengen area. Therefore, different entry regulations apply here than for Denmark.
is generally required for entry into Greenland. Upon entry, the passport must be valid for at least 6 months.
Citizens of EU countries (with the exception of Romania and Bulgaria) and Switzerland do not need a visa for a stay of a maximum of 3 months in Greenland. This applies to both tourists and business travelers.
Entry with children
For accompanying children, the same visa requirements apply as for their parents. Every child needs their own travel document.
Germany: You need your own passport for children. Child ID cards are no longer issued in Germany, existing child ID cards remain valid until the expiry date.
Austria: children need their own passport.
Switzerland: Children need their own passport.
A special permit from the Danish Foreign Ministry or a Danish embassy is required to visit the restricted military area around Thule Airbase / Pittuffik. Apply for the permit in good time. If visitors are found in the restricted area without permission, they can be expelled from Greenland. Special permits are also required for trips to the glaciers and mountains in the interior of Greenland, to the national park and for archaeological and geological research. The application for these permits must be submitted to the Danish Polar Center at least 3 months before the start of the journey.
According to computerannals, Greenland is characterized by polar and sub-polar climates, on the western coast the climatic Conditions were alleviated by the Greenland Current, which was supplied with warm water by the North Atlantic Current and the Gulf Stream.
Between May and mid-August, the thermometer on the southwest coast can climb to over 20 ° C. Coastal fog is widespread. From the end of August the nights get colder and from the middle of September there can be fresh snow and really cold weather. The Arctic winter – from mid-October to March – is long, harsh and dark. In the far north the sun disappears for months, the polar night comes. In the south it can be wintry temperatures from -20 ° C, further to the north down to -40 ° C and below are reached.
The absolute lowest temperatures are reached with down to -70 ° C on the inland ice, here the summer highest temperatures are around the freezing point. The ice-free coastal strip and the offshore islands are covered by tundra vegetation that decreases in a northerly direction
From a distance of 100 km from the coast, the climate is increasingly continental, comparable to the climate in Siberia and Central Alaska.