Hong Kong, China Geography and Climate

Hong Kong, like a magnet, annually attracts millions of tourists from all over the world. It amazes with an abundance of skyscrapers, a scattering of flashing hieroglyphs on countless signs, a continuous stream of cars, an unthinkable crowd of people on a tiny piece of land. It’s amazing how you can fit so much in such a small area. Although the history of Hong Kong is negligibly short compared to the history of mainland China, cultural lovers will not be disappointed: here you can visit temples, ancient settlements that preserve the patriarchal way of life, numerous museums, see the world’s largest bronze Buddha statue, take a trip on a traditional boat – sampan.

In Hong Kong, you should definitely go shopping, where prices are lower than in most world capitals, sit in one of the various restaurants serving dishes from around the world, plunge into the nightlife of the metropolis, take a tour of Victoria Harbor on the Star Ferry. Of course, the main attraction of this global business and trade center is its bustling life, which is centered on Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula. In contrast, small islands and “New Territories” lead a leisurely and calm life. In these places you can admire nature, relax on the beach and enjoy the silence.

The best time to visit Hong Kong is from October to December. At this time, the weather is most pleasant: dry, sunny, warm during the day (in October, about +28 oC, in December – +21 o C), and cool at night. March and April are also good times to visit, but during these months the humidity increases.

The official languages of Hong Kong are Chinese (Cantonese) and English.

Geography in Hong Kong, China

According to top-engineering-schools, the Hong Kong Special Autonomous Region (or Hong Kong) consists of the mainland (most of the Kowloon Peninsula and the area to the north and south of it, called the “New Territories”), Hong Kong Island and more than 200 small islands, the largest of which is Lantau (Lantau). The total area of the district is 2900 km2.

In the west, Hong Kong borders on the province of Guangdong. Hong Kong Islandseparated from the Kowloon Peninsula by Victoria Bay, which is a naturally sheltered port. Basically, the territory of the region is mountainous and hilly, with steep cliffs, in the north there are plains. The highest point is Mount Tai Mo Shan, which rises to 958 m above sea level. The shores are heavily indented with numerous bays and bays.

Climate in Hong Kong, China

Hong Kong belongs to the tropical monsoon climate zone. The summer monsoon, which lasts from May to September, brings heavy rains and sometimes typhoons. The wettest month is June, when up to 400 mm of precipitation falls. July and August are not far behind. The summer months are characterized by high humidity. Daytime temperatures during this period reach +30 o C, and sometimes +35 o C, night temperatures stay around +26 o C.

Winter in Hong Kong is dry and warm. Precipitation falls 80-100 mm. During the day, the average temperature is +20 o C, at night – +14 o C. In some cold years, during the day, the temperature can drop to +10… + 13 o C.

The best time to visit:
The best time to visit Hong Kong is from October to December. At this time, the weather is most pleasant: dry, sunny, warm during the day (in October about +28 ° C, in December – +21 ° C), and cool at night. March and April are also good times to visit, but during these months the humidity increases.

History in Hong Kong, China

The territory of Hong Kong became part of the Chinese state at the end of the 3rd century. BC, but settlements appeared here only by the 14th century. The inhabitants of the local villages were mainly engaged in fishing.

Hong Kong gained great strategic importance during the reign of the Tang and Song dynasties. Subsequently, interest in these territories gradually subsided and revived again in the 19th century. During the Anglo-Chinese War of 1840-1842. the island was occupied by the British and under the Treaty of Nanjing passed into the possession of Great Britain. The European power rented it for 99 years for a nominal fee of $1. The British became the driving force that gave the area an unprecedented pace of development. Located on the sea routes, it is rapidly gaining in importance as a trading center. Under the treaties of 1860 and 1898. the Kowloon Peninsula, Stonecater Island and the so-called “New Territories” joined British Hong Kong, as a result of which the area of Hong Kong increased tenfold.

During the Second World War, the island with the surrounding territories was occupied by the Japanese. Their presence lasted 3 years and 8 months. During the war, many local residents were executed by soldiers of the Japanese army. August 15, 1945 Hong Kong was liberated and again began to function as a port.

During the civil war of 1949, a mass migration of Chinese refugees began here. At this time, Hong Kong began to acquire the current face of a highly developed city-state. To a large extent, this was facilitated by the establishment of a UN trade embargo against goods from China. As a result, the textile industry began to develop in Hong Kong, giving work to the numerous Chinese who arrived. During this period, the exponential growth of the region’s economy began. Since 1970, a gradual transition from the textile industry to financial activities and banking began, which led to an even greater upsurge.

By the 20th century Hong Kong has become one of the largest commercial centers and ports of the East. The term of the British colonial lease, which stretched for 99 years, expired on July 1, 1997, and from that moment Hong Kong received sovereignty and the status of a special administrative region of the PRC.

Hong Kong Geography