Guatemala Geography and Climate

Guatemala is a small country with a history that goes far into the past. It reveals the secrets of the rise and fall of the Mayan civilization. It frightens and at the same time delights with the beauty of volcanoes, strikes with its nature, the untouched world of tropical forests.

The most favorable for travel is the dry season, which lasts from November to May.

The official language is Spanish. The descendants of the Maya still speak Indian dialects today.

Geography in Guatemala

According to top-engineering-schools, Guatemala is located in Central America. Its area is about 110,000 square meters. km. In the north and west there is a border with Mexico, in the east – with Belize, in the south and southeast – with Honduras and El Salvador. Guatemala is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Most of the country’s territory is occupied by highlands. The prevailing heights are from 1000 to 2400 m. The highest point is the Tahumulco volcano (3500 m). In total, there are more than 30 volcanoes in the country. Many of them are active, so earthquakes are frequent here. In the north of Guatemala is the Peten Plain, which is covered with tropical forests.

Climate in Guatemala

The Pacific coast of Guatemala has a hot tropical climate. The daytime temperature in May and June is about +32 degrees, at noon it can reach +40 degrees, at night – about +23 degrees. In December, during the daytime, the air warms up to +27 degrees.

On the Caribbean coast, daytime temperatures throughout the year range from +31 to +33 degrees, nighttime temperatures from +22 to +24 degrees. Even during the rainy season they remain high as well. The largest amount of precipitation in the country falls here (up to 3000 mm per year). The rainy season throughout Guatemala lasts from mid-May to early October. Real tropical showers start in the afternoon and are very intense, lasting from half an hour to 3 hours.

Since the territory of the country is located at a high altitude above sea level, the climate of the inland regions differs from the climate of the coast. The daily temperature of the hottest month (March) is +28 degrees, but in the evening it will not exceed +20 degrees. In December, during the day, the air warms up to +25 degrees, and at night the temperature barely reaches +17 degrees. The rainiest month is August, during which 1000-1300 mm of precipitation falls. The driest month is January. In January, about 50 mm of precipitation falls. Cool winds often blow here and fog forms after rain.

Best time to visit:
The most favorable for travel is the dry season, which lasts from November to May.

Types of Tourism in Guatemala


Guatemala is the center of the ancient culture of the Mayan Indians, known throughout the world. For many centuries, their tribes developed and flourished on its territory – Those who want to get to know this ancient civilization more closely just need to visit here and see the ruins that have survived to this day. It is worth visiting the cities built during the time of the Spanish canquistadors. The colonial style in architecture, museums and churches make them look like European capitals. There are about 30 volcanoes in Guatemala, there are national reserves and beautiful lakes. On local coffee plantations, you can see how the country’s first export product is produced.


Of the active types of recreation in Guatemala Hiking is the most common – climbing volcanoes and mountains, traveling through tropical forests. Mountain biking is very popular. Hiking and mountain biking are suitable for people of all ages and fitness levels. Tourists are given the opportunity to choose the level of difficulty themselves, they are given a guide who speaks two languages and equipment. Rafting on mountain rivers will be interesting for tourists who love extreme rest. The Pacific coast of Guatemala is one of the best places in the world for sport fishing. You can catch tuna, dorado, mackerel, but the most popular and exotic is fishing for swordfish, which lives in tropical latitudes.


In order to preserve the biodiversity that is one of the distinguishing features of Guatemala, ecotourism is developing rapidly in the country. There are more than 30 special protected areas – National reserves and parks. Tikal National Park is the most famous place where the untouched jungle with its unique wildlife has been preserved. It covers an area of 600 sq. km. In the Copan area, the rainforests are teeming with all kinds of animals, birds and plants. There are also very beautiful lakes, waterfalls and caves. The Mario Dari Nature Reserve was founded to protect the endangered quetzal bird. It is located at an altitude of 2300 m above sea level.

Guatemala Geography