Greece Geography and Climate

Greece is one of the most visited countries in Europe. And the point is not only that it has beautiful beaches, a climate suitable for summer holidays and a clear sea. Greece is an open air museum. Each city is imbued with the spirit of antiquity. Even in the smallest villages of Greece, you can find the ruins of an ancient fortress or fragments of ancient temples.

The middle and end of May are the best time to visit Greece. At this time it is still not hot, there are few tourists and it is already possible to swim. The velvet season in Greece is September and October. In July – August it is better to relax on the islands, where the heat is easier to bear due to the breeze.

The official language is Greek, but there are also English, French, German, and Italian. In some shops and hotels, the staff speaks Russian.

Geography in Greece

According to top-engineering-schools, Greece occupies the southeastern and southern parts of the Balkan Peninsula, as well as a number of islands, which account for a fifth of the territory. The largest islands are Crete, Rhodes, Lesbos, Euboea. Greece ‘s neighbors in the north are Macedonia and Bulgaria, in the northwest – Albania, in the northeast – Turkey. From the south, the country is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, from the west – by the Ionian, from the east – by the Aegean.

On the northern coast of the Aegean Sea, called Thrace, are the southern spurs of the Rhodope Mountains. Central part of mainland Greece occupied by the Pindus mountain range, the highest point of which is Mount Olympus, the home of the ancient mythological gods. Olympus rises to a height of 2917 m. The mountains are rocky on the peninsulas, but in some places they recede inland, giving way to flat areas. The relief of numerous islands is also mountainous. The largest plains of Greece, Thessaly and Thessaloniki, are located along the coast of the Aegean Sea. The rivers of Greece are small in length. Basically, they flow along faults in the mountains, therefore they have a fast current. The main rivers are Arachtos, Aheeloos, Alyakmon, Pinhos and Sperchios (mainland), Alfios and Evrotas (Peloponnese), Aksios (Vardar), Strymon (Struma) and Nestos (Mesta) (Macedonia and Thrace). in Greece there are many lakes of karst origin, there are also mineral springs. The area of Greece is 132 thousand sq. km.

Climate in Greece

The climate of Greece is subtropical Mediterranean. It differs somewhat across the country. In the northern half of Greece, the coldest months are January and February. At this time, at night, the air temperature drops to slightly positive values (+1…+3), and in some years to slightly negative values (0…-2), in the daytime it is 8…10 degrees. The warmest time of the year is July and August. Even at night in these months, the temperature does not fall below +20, during the day it often crosses the thirty-degree line. The rainiest period in the north of the country lasts from November to January. At this time, the number of days with precipitation ranges from 10 to 12 days per month. The driest period: from July to September (monthly number of days with precipitation from 3 to 5).

The climate of the plains and foothills of the central part of Greece is almost the same as in the north. But in the mountainous regions that occupy most of the territory, the temperature is much lower, and some mountain peaks are covered with snow all year round.

In the south of Greece, the coldest months are January and February, when at night the air temperature is about +6 o, in the daytime 12… 13 o. The hottest time is July. In it at night its value is 22… 23 degrees, in the daytime on average + 30… + 33 degrees. The maximum number of days with precipitation falls on November – January (the number of days with precipitation during the month is 12-16), the driest period is from June to September (the number of days with precipitation during the month is 2-4).

On the islands, temperatures are higher at night, and the heat of the day is softened by a cool breeze blowing from the sea. The coldest time of the year is from December to March. At night at this time it is from 5 to 8 degrees, in the daytime 11… 16 degrees. The warmest time of the year is from June to September, when at night the temperature is 21…22, in the daytime 27…30 degrees. The wettest time is from December to February (the number of days with precipitation in each of the months is 9-12), the driest is from June to September (not a karli of rain may fall for the entire month of this period).

The swimming season begins in May, when the water temperature during the month rises from +17 to +19. In summer (from June to August) it is 20…25 degrees, in September and October 21…23 degrees. During the rest of the year, the water temperature off the coast of Greece is never below +15 degrees.

Best time to visit:
Mid to late May is the best time to visit Greece. At this time it is still not hot, there are few tourists and it is already possible to swim. The velvet season in Greece is September and October. In July – August it is better to relax on the islands, where the heat is easier to bear due to the breeze.

Greece Geography

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