Germany Geography and Climate

Germany offers its visitors a high quality holiday. First of all, it attracts with a rich excursion program. There are many historical “medieval” cities in the country. And landscapes replacing each other – from coastal plains to highlands – make it possible to combine passive rest with active. In addition, when traveling to this country, acclimatization is not needed. Equal and friendly attitude towards the Russians.

The best time to visit the resorts is July and August. Although rain is not ruled out during these months, this is the warmest time of the year. For skiing, the most suitable period is from January to March.

The official language is German. Many Germans speak English.

Geography in Germany

According to top-engineering-schools, Germany belongs to the states of Central Europe. Its neighbors in the north are Denmark, in the east – Poland and the Czech Republic, in the south – Austria and Switzerland, in the west – France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. The area of the country is 357 thousand square meters. km. Germany has access to the North and Baltic Seas.

The main surface features are the North German Plain in the north, the mid-altitude mountains in the central part, and the Alps in the south. The north German lowland descends to the Baltic Sea with wide beaches in the east, and in the west it breaks off with walls of deep fjords. The mountains of central Germany were once part of a mountain range that crossed Europe from west to east. Over time, they gradually collapsed, and at present their height does not exceed 1000 m, although individual peaks reach 1400 m. As a rule, the mountains have leveled surfaces, descending in steps to the valleys. The Alps have a completely different look. This is a highland region. It is here that the highest point of the country is located – Mount Zugspitze (2962 m). Germany’s main riveris the Rhine, originating in the Alps. It is quite full-flowing and is used for navigation. Other major rivers include the Danube in the south and the Oder in the east.

Germany is rich in lakes. Chiemsee, Rissersee, Geroldsee, Staffelsee, Koenigsee – they can be listed endlessly. But the largest and most popular lake in the country is Lake Constance, partly located in Austria and Switzerland. Crystal clear water and mild climate attract many tourists here.

Climate in Germany

Germany belongs to the temperate continental climate zone. Winters are not very cold – the average January temperature is about +1 degrees, and the average minimum temperature is -3 degrees. Of course, there are years when Arctic air enters the country for a long time behind the lines of cyclones. In this case, the temperature can drop to -10 and even -15. The northern regions, influenced by the warm “breath” of the Atlantic, are characterized by higher winter temperatures. In the east, as the degree of continentality of the climate increases, winter temperatures often fall below 20 degrees. The warmest summer months are July and August with average temperatures of +18 – 20 degrees, maximum temperatures are observed in the eastern regions and reach +30 degrees. Spring is characterized by the so-called ”

Best Time to Visit:
The best time to visit the resorts is July and August. Although rain is not ruled out during these months, this is the warmest time of the year. For skiing, the most suitable period is from January to March.

History in Germany

The origin of statehood in the modern territory of Germany dates back to the 5th century. Until that time, its territory was under Roman rule. The state was created by the Frankish tribes. Over time, it grew and grew stronger, reaching its peak in the 8th century under Charlemagne, when the empire included Saxon, Bavarian, Rhenish, Frankish and other lands. But after his death, the great empire collapsed. Over the following centuries, Germany either lost its power or gained it again. Before the First World War, the country was at the peak of its power, but, having lost it, suffered a complete collapse. The monarchy was overthrown and the country became a republic. The humiliating conditions of the Versailles Peace Treaty were one of the reasons why the National Socialists led by Hitler came to power in the 1930s. The war he unleashed was lost, the country is divided into spheres of influence between the victorious countries. France, England and the United States went to the western part, called the FRG, the Soviet Union – the eastern, called the GDR. Between the newly formed states, the Berlin Wall was erected, dividing in two not only the country, but Berlin itself. The FRG and the GDR existed until October 3, 1990, when the Berlin Wall was destroyed and the country became united again.

Germany Geography