Georgia Baker County Public Schools

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  • BESTITUDE: Basic geography information about the state of Georgia, covering major rivers and lakes, as well as climate and agriculture.

County Profile

Incorporated: December 12, 1825

Population: 4,074

Total Area: 343.2 Square miles

Cities and Towns

• Newton (County Seat)

Georgia’s 61st county was named for Colonel John Baker, a Puritan and noted patriot of the Revolutionary War. Baker County was created from Early County in 1825.

The Baker County Courthouse has been damaged by floods three times, once in 1925, once in 1929, and most recently in 1994.

Newton, the county seat, was named for Sergeant John Newton of South Carolina, a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

The last battle of the Creek Indian War of 1836 was fought in Baker County at Chickasawhatchee Swamp near Red Bluff. Indian villages were first recorded in the Baker County area by Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto in 1540.

Primarily an agricultural community, Baker County produces peanuts, cotton, canola, poultry, and beef.

Baker County is home to several plantations, ranging in size from 5,000 to 28,000 acres. The largest is Ichauway Plantation, once owned by Coca-Cola magnate Robert Woodruff. The plantation now houses the Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center, one of the largest outdoor research centers in the world. Scientists study local vegetation, water systems, and wildlife, including 32 species of endangered plants and animals found on the plantation.

Baker County is one of 159 counties in Georgia. It has 343.2 sq. miles in land area and a population density of 10.6 per square mile. In the last three decades of the 1900s its population grew by 5.1%. On the 2000 census form, 99.4% of the population reported only one race, with 50.4% of these reporting African-American. The population of this county is 2.7% Hispanic (of any race). The average household size is 2.68 persons compared to an average family size of 3.20 persons.

In 2008 retail trade was the largest of 20 major sectors. It had an average wage per job of $11,940. Per capita income grew by 19.8% between 1998 and 2008 (adjusted for inflation).

People & Income Overview
(By Place of Residence)
Value Industry Overview (2008)
(By Place of Work)
Population (2009) 3,637 Covered Employment 521
Growth (%) since 1990 0.6% Average wage per job $27,515
Households (2000) 1,514 Manufacturing – % all jobs in County D
Labor Force (persons) (2009) 1,656 Average wage per job D
Unemployment Rate (2009) 8.6 Transportation & Warehousing – % all jobs in County 1.1%
Per Capita Personal Income (2008) $29,396 Average wage per job $41,205
Median Household Income (2008) $31,834 Health Care, Social Assist. – % all jobs in County D
Poverty Rate (2008) 26.0 Average wage per job D
H.S. Diploma or More – % of Adults 25+ (2000) 66.0 Finance and Insurance – % all jobs in County D
Bachelor’s Deg. or More – % of Adults 25+ (2000) 10.7 Average wage per job D
  • TRANSPORTHINT: features basic information, such as location, land area, population, capital and nickname of Georgia, including industry, economy, climate, geography and history of Georgia.

1. BAKER County
Enrollment: K12 SCHOOL
Address: 348 State Route 37, Newton, GA 39870
Phone: (229) 734-5274
County: Baker County
Enrollment: 433
Grades: PK-12