Upon the arrival of the first Europeans, the region was populated by Indian
Creeks and Cherokees. It was explored for the first time in 1540 by Spaniard
Hernando de Soto. The region was, at the end of the eighteenth century, one of
the Anglo-Spanish's rivalry challenges. He became officially an English national
Georgia was called in honor of the King of England George II, who
awarded the same year a colony card. English colonization was carried out by the
philanthropist James Oglethorpe, who founded the city of Savannah in 1733.
During the War of Independence, the British seized Savannah in 1778, but were
stopped in their progress and finally forced to leave Georgia in 1782.
Georgia joined the Union on January 2, 1788, the fourth American
state. Slavery state, whose economy rested on immense cotton plantations,
Georgia secession in 1861 and joined the Southeastern Confederation. He suffered
a lot from the SÚcession war. In 1864, Georgia was invaded and devastated by the
Union army, commissioned by General William T. Sherman. This one was seized from
Atlanta on September 2, then famously performs "the Step to the Sea" across
Georgia to Savannah.
During the reconstruction, the state was a victim of carpetbaggers,
northeastern adventurers, of which the exactions made Georgia one of the most
active homes of the Ku Klux Klan in the late nineteenth and century. Georgia was
only reintroduced in the Union in July 1870.
The remaining long hostile to any policy of integration of the Blacks,
Georgia saw the beginning of an era of reforms with the election to the post of
governor elects Arnall in 1942 and the adoption of a new constitution in 1945.
It remained one of the states of the South less segregationists. It was the
first State in the South to apply the decisions of the Supreme Court on school
integration. Atlanta became the headquarters of the Southern Christian
Leadership Conference, created in 1957 by Martin Luther King. Georgia
experienced strong demographic growth in the 1960s and 1970s, in the image of
Atlanta, which became the financial and commercial capital of the southeastern
Provides a list of all holidays in the state of Georgia when both banks and
schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as New
Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of Georgia.
Do you know how many acronyms that contain the word Georgia? Check this site
to see all abbreviations and initials that include
Universities in Georgia
Georgia Institute of Technology
The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech for short) is a
technical college in Atlanta that was founded in 1885 as the Georgia School of
Technology. Today, along with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the
California Institute of Technology and the University of Berkeley in California,
it is considered one of the best engineering colleges in the United States,
because Georgia Tech is committed to better humanitarian conditions through
technological and scientific To make progress. The university is located in the
heart of Atlanta and annually counts up to around 20,000 students. It is divided
into a total of five different colleges:
- College of Architecture
- College of Computing
- College of management
- College of engineering
- College of Liberal Arts
Spelman College in Atlanta is one of the most prestigious and the oldest
university for black women in the United States. Around 2,350 female students
are currently studying at the university.
The college is a four-year liberal arts women's college and is part of the
Atlanta University Center Academic Consortium in Atlanta. The college was
founded in 1881 as the "Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary", making it the oldest
institution for higher education of black women. The daughters of Bill Cosby,
Henry Louis Gates, Gerald Levert, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Sidney Poitier
Morehouse College in Atlanta is one of the most prestigious Black African
universities for men in the United States. Civil rights activist Martin Luther
King and athlete Edwin Moses studied here, among many others.
The college was founded in 1867 as the "Augusta Institute" in Augusta, Georgia.
African American men should be trained here as clergymen and teachers.
In 1879 the college moved to Atalanta and was also renamed "Atlanta Baptist
Seminary". Twenty years later the name was changed to "Atlanta Baptist College".
And in 1913 the collge got its current name, which is said to commemorate Henry
L. Morehouse - secretary of the Northern Baptist Home Missions Society.
Around 3,000 students study here today.