France Geography and Climate

France cannot fail to attract tourists. This is the center of European fashion, culture, the birthplace of love. It combines the beautiful beaches of the Cote d’Azur, the chic ski resorts of the French Alps and the strict medieval architecture of the most ancient cities. Everyone can choose their own France: castles, museums, palaces, beaches, vineyards and wine-growing areas, medical resorts and colorful nature, ski resorts and the splendor of the Alps.

In France, the most favorable conditions are observed in spring and early summer (June), while on the Mediterranean coast it is best to relax in summer and early autumn (September). At ski resorts, the most suitable conditions are observed from mid-February, when the sun is shining and the air temperature does not drop below -4 degrees, a stable snow cover lasts until mid-May.

The official language is French. On the outskirts of the country, residents speak local dialects.

Geography in France

According to top-engineering-schools, France occupies 551 thousand sq. km. It is the largest state in Western Europe. It borders in the northeast with Belgium and Luxembourg, in the east with Germany, Switzerland and Italy, in the south with Spain. Most of the borders run along mountain systems: with Spain – along the Pyrenees, with Italy – along the Alps, with Switzerland – along the Alps and Jura, with Belgium – in the Ardennes. In the French Alps is located the highest point of Western Europe – Mount Mont Blanc (4807 m). However, in most of the country, there are plains. The country is washed by the waters of the Bay of Biscay (Atlantic Ocean), the English Channel (North Sea) and the Mediterranean Sea. The inland waters of France are concentrated mainly in the basins of the Loire, Garonne, Rhone and Seine rivers. The longest of them is the Loire.

France is divided into 22 provinces. In addition to its mainland, France owns about. Corsica in the Mediterranean, thousands of kilometers distant 4 departments – Guadeloupe, Guiana, Martinique and Reunion, as well as New Caledonia, French Polynesia and the French Antarctic Territories.

Climate in France

The west of the country has a temperate maritime climate with mild winters and cool summers. The average monthly temperature of the coldest month – February – ranges from +5 to +7 degrees. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to +2 degrees, the maximum reaches + 9 degrees. The hottest time of the year is August. The average monthly temperature in August is from +16 to +18 degrees. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to +12 degrees, the maximum reaches +22 degrees. The driest months are May, June, July, in which the monthly amount of precipitation ranges from 50 to 70 mm. The rainiest time of the year is December, the amount of precipitation for this month is up to 150 mm.

In the east of France, the climate is close to temperate continental, which is expressed in colder winters and hotter summers. The average monthly temperature of the coldest month – January – ranges from 0 to +2 degrees. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to -2 degrees, the maximum reaches + 4 degrees. The hottest time of the year is July. The average monthly temperature in July ranges from +18 to +20 degrees. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to +14 degrees, the maximum reaches +25 degrees. The driest months are February, March and April with monthly rainfall between 30 and 45 mm. The rainiest time of the year is summer (June-August), monthly precipitation can reach 80 mm.

The southern Mediterranean coast is dominated by a subtropical climate with mild and damp winters and hot and dry summers. The average monthly temperature of the coldest month – January – ranges from +6 to +8 degrees. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to +2 degrees, the maximum reaches + 12 degrees. In winter, mistral winds are very frequent, which blow from the north and bring cold weather. The hottest time of the year is July. The average monthly temperature in July ranges from +22 to +24 degrees. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to +18 degrees, the maximum reaches +29 degrees. The driest months are July and August, with monthly precipitation ranging from 10 to 30 mm. The rainiest time of the year is October, November and December, monthly precipitation in each of them ranges from 80 to 120 mm. The water temperature on this coast warms up to the maximum in July and August and ranges from +22 to +24 degrees, in June, September and October it does not fall below +19 degrees, and in the rest of the year it is +12..+16 degrees.

The climate in the mountains is characterized by lower temperatures than in the plains. More rain falls. Snow cover persists at high altitudes. For example, Mont Blanc is covered with snow all year round.

Best time to visit:
In France, the most favorable conditions are observed in spring and early summer (June), while on the Mediterranean coast, the best time to relax is in summer and early autumn (September). At ski resorts, the most suitable conditions are observed from mid-February, when the sun is shining and the air temperature does not drop below -4 degrees, a stable snow cover lasts until mid-May.

France Geography

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