Finland Geography and Climate

Despite Finland’s northern position, it remains one of the most visited countries in Europe. Its magnificent nature attracts people, many attractions will help you learn more about the history of this region. Finland gives you the opportunity to go back to your childhood and believe in Santa Claus once again. Holidays in this country are good for both the soul and the body. Ski resorts are ideal for people who love active pastime.

The best time to visit Finland is late spring. The fishing season runs from May to September.

There are two official languages: Finnish and Swedish.

Geography in Finland

According to top-engineering-schools, Finland is located in Northern Europe, part of the country is located beyond the Arctic Circle. Finland borders Norway in the north, Sweden in the west, and Russia in the south and east. It also includes the Aland Islands. It is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea. The area of this country is 338 thousand square meters. km.

Most of the country is flat, with the eastern tip of the Scandinavian Mountains located in the northwest. The highest mark is 1320 m.

This is the land of lakes (there are more than 60,000 of them in Finland), short rapids and swamps.

Climate in Finland

In the north of the country and in the central part of the country the climate is temperate continental. The influence of the warm North Atlantic Current is noticeable. The coldest month is January. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to -18…-20 degrees, the maximum reaches -7…-9 degrees. The hottest time of the year is July. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to +8…+10 degrees, the maximum reaches +19…+21 degrees. The least precipitation falls in February and March, in which their monthly amount is from 15 to 25 mm. The rainiest time of the year is July and August, in which the monthly amount of precipitation is from 65 to 80 mm.

In the south-west of the country, the climate has a transitional character from continental to maritime. Therefore, winters are milder here, and summers are warmer and wetter. January remains the coldest month. In it, the average minimum temperature drops to -10…-12 degrees, the maximum reaches -2…-4 degrees. The hottest time of the year is July, August. The average minimum temperature at this time is +10…+12 degrees, the maximum reaches +21…+23 degrees. The least precipitation falls in March, from 20 to 30 mm. The rainiest time of the year is August, with monthly precipitation ranging from 70 to 86 mm.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Finland is late spring. The fishing season runs from May to September.

History in Finland

Back in the 12th century, after numerous raids, the territory of Finland was captured by the Swedes. For about 600 years their dominance on this earth continued. However, as a result of the defeat of the Swedes in the Russian-Swedish war, Finland became part of Russia and in 1809 acquired the status of the Grand Duchy. For 100 years, it enjoyed autonomy, but at the beginning of the 20th century, Nicholas II tried to deprive the Finns of their independence, which caused unrest in the country. In 1917 Finland declared its independence and Russia recognized it.

In 1995 Finland joined the European Union.

Finland Geography

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