Fiji Geography and Climate

The Fiji archipelago consists of several hundred islands that are covered with dense tropical vegetation and surrounded by coral reefs. Local lagoons with white sand beaches are known all over the world and constantly become scenery for films and advertisements. Divers from all over the world seek to get to Fiji, because the archipelago is the “world capital of soft corals”. Also there is the famous six-meter wave “Cloud Breaker”, known among surfers. The colorful population of small villages with their own original way of life will be interesting for inquisitive tourists. The tradition of the locals to dance on coals is played up in daily colorful performances. Fiji is a great place for a “honeymoon”, because some of the small islands of the archipelago can hardly accommodate more than 10 tourists.

The most favorable time to visit Fiji is from May to November, when the weather is not too hot, visibility in the water is the best, less humidity and the likelihood of tropical cyclones is minimal.

The official language of Fiji is English. It is owned by all the inhabitants of the country. The indigenous people also speak Fijian, while the Indians speak the local version of Hindi.

Geography in Fiji

According to top-engineering-schools, Fiji is an island country. It is located in the center of the South Pacific Ocean on the archipelago of the same name. The Fiji archipelago is part of Melanesia and consists of 322 islands and islets, 105 of which are uninhabited. The total area of the country is 18376 sq. km, which, in addition to the Fiji archipelago, includes the island of Rotuma (400 km north of Fiji). The largest islands of Fiji are Viti Levu (10.4 thousand sq. km) and Vanua Levu (5.5 thousand sq. km). Just east of the archipelago is the date line.

Most of the islands are of volcanic origin. They are dominated by mountainous terrain. As a rule, the central part of such islands has a strongly dissected relief, and lowlands stretch along the coast. The highest point in the country is located on the island of Viti Levu, this is Mount Tomanivi (1322 m). The rest of the islands are coral, they have a flat relief with lower heights. The Fiji archipelago is surrounded by coral reefs.

The largest rivers in Fiji are the Rewa and Singatoka, they are located on the island of Viti Levu.

Climate in Fiji

The Fiji Islands have a tropical humid climate. The archipelago is located near the equator, so the air temperature is quite high all year round. In summer, during the day, the air warms up to 30..34 degrees Celsius, and at night it cools down to +24..+28 degrees. In winter, daytime air temperatures range from 25 to 29 degrees Celsius, and nighttime temperatures from +20 to +24 degrees.

Between April and November, this region is dominated by the southeast trade winds, which bring dry weather. The greatest amount of precipitation falls between November and April, with a maximum in March. At this time of the year, tropical cyclones are frequent (especially in January and February), bringing hurricane-force winds, storms and heavy rainfall. In just a year, within the archipelago, precipitation falls from 1700 mm (on the leeward western slopes of the islands) to 4000 mm of precipitation (on the windward southeastern slopes).

The water temperature ranges from 24 to 29 degrees, the best visibility is observed from June to July.

Best time to visit:
The most favorable time to visit Fiji is from May to November, when the weather is not too hot, visibility in the water is the best, less humidity and the likelihood of tropical cyclones is minimal.

ECOTOURISM

The creation of protected areas in Fiji began in 1989. Then, near the village of Kulukulu, the Sigatoka Sand Dunes Conservation Area was created.. They stretch for several kilometers along the coast and cover an area of 650 hectares. The height of the dunes ranges from 20 to 60 m. In addition to a wide variety of landscapes, the dunes are also the site of archaeological excavations. Fragments of pottery were found here, the age of which exceeds 2600 years.

On the island of Taveuni are the Bouma Falls, which have been attracting tourists for a long time. Previously, the territories adjacent to the waterfalls were not equipped for tourism; in 1993, hiking trails and special places for recreation and picnics were created here. Bouma is a cascade of three waterfalls. They are located on forested mountain slopes. For those who love nature, it is worth going on excursions to the FijiĀ rainforests.. They are unique in that there are no predators and dangerous insects that spread diseases. Of particular interest is the forest reserve Kolo-i-Suva, which is located 20 minutes from the city of Suva. In the reserve, among the tropical vegetation, 6 km of hiking trails have been laid. You can also go to Koroyanti National Park, which is located between the cities of Nadi and Lautoka on the island of Viti Levu on the slopes of Mount Evens. Its area is 25 thousand hectares.

Fiji is a great place for bird lovers. About 80 species of birds live within the archipelago. The largest birds in Fiji – reef herons. Also here there are three species of hawks – marsh harriers, Fijian goshawks and peregrine falcons, several species of pigeons, many yellow- and red-masked parrots and a white kingfisher. It is best to watch them on the islands of Viti Levu, Kadavu and Taveuni.

HIKING

In Fiji you can hike through the rainforests and protected areas that are located in the central parts of the islands. Very popular are the two-day route along the Sigatoka River, the one-day ascent to Tagimasia Lake on the island of Taveuni, and the ascent to Mount Batilamu near the city of Nandi. On the island of Taveuni, all routes start from Lavena Beach. They stretch for 4 km along the coast, and then go deep into the central part of the island to tropical forests with waterfalls.

Fiji Geography

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