Egypt Geography and Climate

Egypt has the most inexpensive year-round beach holiday. There are all conditions for families with children, and the fantastic underwater world of the Red Sea is a “paradise” for diving fans.

Egypt is open for recreation and travel all year round. Those who are not afraid of the summer heat can visit the country from June to September. This is the hottest and driest period on the Red Sea coast. Those who prefer moderate heat and still warm sea, it is better to visit Egypt in October – November.

The most unfavorable time for a holiday in Egypt is from late March to early May, when a strong wind (khamsin) blows from the deserts for 50 days, sandstorms occur during this period.

The official language is Arabic.

Geography in Egypt

According to top-engineering-schools, Egypt is located in the northeast of the African continent. In the north, the country is washed by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, in the east – by the Red Sea. It borders Libya to the west and Sudan to the south. The area of Egypt is 1,001,400 sq. km. Near. 96% of the entire territory is rubble and sandy deserts, 3% is the delta and valley of the Nile River. In ancient Egypt considered only the valley of the Nile River. At present, it includes not only the river valley that crosses the entire country from south to north, but also the deserted, heavily crossed Eastern, or so-called Arabian Highlands (between the Nile and the Red Sea), and in the west – the Libyan Plateau, which is a lifeless sandy desert with rare oases. The eastern highlands go to the Red Sea, which is separated from the Mediterranean Sea only by a narrow isthmus. The Nile – one of the greatest rivers in the world – flows from the lakes of tropical Africa (White Nile). In the middle course, the Blue Nile flows into it, flowing from Lake Tana, in the mountains of modern Ethiopia (Abyssinia). On the territory of Egypt The Nile flows through a narrow valley squeezed by mountains, which expands about 300 km from the Mediterranean Sea. Here, in Lower Egypt, the Nile branches fan-shaped into a series of branches that empty into the Mediterranean Sea. This part of the Nile valley is called “Delta”, given to it by the ancient Greeks, since the Nile river system in this area is shaped like the letter of the Greek alphabet D (“delta”).

The whole valley of the Nile is, in fact, a giant oasis. Egypt is the “gift of the Nile,” the Greek writers rightly asserted. If not for the Nile, then all of Egypt would be a desert like the Libyan. A feature of the water regime of the Nile, which determines its great national economic importance, are periodic and regular floods. Due to rainfall in tropical Africa, and the melting of snow on mountain peaks, the water in the Nile begins to rise by mid-July. The highest water level in the Nile occurs in autumn, when the river floods vast coastal expanses. On the flooded land, silt is deposited, brought by the river from its upper reaches. All the fertile soil of the Nile Valley consists of powerful deposits of river silt, it is easy to work and is distinguished by exceptional fertility.

Climate in Egypt

On the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, the climate is subtropical, in the rest of the territory – tropical desert. In Egypt, the “coldest” period is from December to March. But even at this time, the average monthly air temperature is positive and ranges from +4 to +10 degrees throughout the country, and in the center of the Libyan desert it reaches +20 degrees. From April, the temperature begins to rise rapidly and in the period from June to September it reaches its maximum values, when even the average temperature for the month exceeds the twenty-degree mark. October and November – transitional months from “heat” to “coolness” – are the most comfortable for rest. There is no longer tropical heat, and the sea is warm enough for swimming.

On the Mediterranean coast of Egypt in the period from December to March, the average minimum temperature is 10… 13, the average maximum is 18… 21 degrees, the maximum precipitation occurs at the same time. So, in January, the “coldest” month of the season, the monthly amount of precipitation approaches 50 mm, and the number of days with rain ranges from 8 to 10 days. In the period from June to September, the average minimum temperature is 20…24, the average maximum is 28…31 degrees. This is the driest period in which the monthly rainfall ranges from 0 to 1 mm.

On the coast of the Red Sea in the period from December to March, the average minimum temperature is the same, 10… 13 degrees, the average maximum temperature is from 20… 22 in the north to 23… 25 in the south of the coastal zone. At this time, the monthly rainfall is from 1 to 4 mm. In the period from June to October, the average minimum temperature is from 20…24 in the north to 23…26 in the south of the coastal zone, and the average maximum temperature changes similarly: from 31…36 to 40 degrees. Precipitation at this time, as a rule, does not fall.

Away from the coasts, in the Libyan Desert, from December to March, temperature contrasts during the day are more pronounced. The average minimum temperature here is 13…16, the average maximum is 23…25 degrees. In the period from June to September at night it is usually 23…27, in the daytime 32…34 degrees. The monthly amount of precipitation even in the period from December to March does not exceed 2 mm. They are absent from June to October.

In the period from mid-March to the end of April, a hot and dry southeast wind – khamsin blows. The dust brought by the khamsin penetrates everywhere – into houses, cars, clogs the eyes, mouth, nose. Even with locked doors and closed windows, the presence of dust brought by this wind is felt in the rooms. Khamsin means “fifty” in Arabic, which is how many days a year the mercilessly burning winds blow.

The water temperature on the Red Sea coast is the coldest from January to March (18-20 degrees), the warmest from June to September (29-30 degrees).

Best time to visit:
Egypt is open for recreation and travel all year round. Those who are not afraid of the summer heat can visit the country from June to September. This is the hottest and driest period on the Red Sea coast. Those who prefer moderate heat and still warm sea, it is better to visit Egypt in October – November.

The most unfavorable time for a holiday in Egypt is from late March to early May, when a strong wind (khamsin) blows from the deserts for 50 days, sandstorms occur during this period.

Egypt Geography

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