Education in Somalia

Somalia (Education)

Somalia (Education), In the 1970’s, large-scale literacy campaigns were launched with some success and a strong effort was made to expand the education system with a free and in principle compulsory eight-year primary school.

The 1980’s were marked by a decline due to the civil war. Thus, in 1990, 76% were illiterate and less than 10% attended school. Illiteracy is estimated to have increased in the following years. The country’s only university, Somali National University, is located in Mogadishu. Around 2000, a functioning education system has not yet been built, except for some Quranic schools.

OFFICIAL NAME: Jamhuriyadda Dimuqraadiqa ee Soomaaliya


POPULATION: 10,600,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 637,657 kmĀ²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: somali, arabic, other

RELIGION: Sunni Muslims 100%

CURRENCY: Somali shilling




POPULATION COMPOSITION: Somali 98%, Arabs 1%, others 1%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 600 (2010)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 46 years, women 48 years (2007)




Somalia is a Republic of Northern East Africa on the Horn of Africa. The country became independent in 1960 as an association of northern British Somaliland and southern Italian Somaliland; at the same time French Somaliland became the Republic of Djibouti.

  • Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as SO which stands for Somalia.

Somalia’s population is fairly homogeneous, almost exclusively Somalis, which is unusual for African countries. Homogeneity is expressed through common history, language, religion and traditions as well as the political and administrative system. Somalis have a millennial nomadic culture, and in Somalia there are more camels (dromedaries) than in any other country.

The area is tropical semi-desert, the country is poor and has been severely affected by both drought and flooding; In addition, since the late 1980’s, Somalia has been plagued by settlements between various groups of Somalis; the settlements reflect to some extent clan interests. Since the early 1990’s, the country has been divided between warring warlords, and from 2000-t. Islamist groups have taken control of much of the southern part of the country.

Somalia – language

Somalia language, Official language is from 1972 Somali spoken by the vast majority of the population. Small population groups speak other Cushitic languages, including oromo, or bantu language. Arabic is widely used along the coast as a second language. Check youremailverifier for Somalia social condition facts.

Somalia – Constitution

Somalia Constitution, The Constitution of the Republic of Somalia is from 1979. It declares that Somalia is a one-party state led by Somalia’s Revolutionary Socialist Party, but the constitution has been suspended since the resignation and escape of President Siyaad Barre in January 1991.

In 2000, a reconciliation conference decided that after a three-year transitional period, a federal state with 18 regional administrations should be established. Meanwhile, a Transitional National Assembly (TNA) composed of leading clans was to exercise the legislative power.

In 2004, after lengthy negotiations, a decision was made to create a new national parliament with 275 members. 61 representatives came from each of the four largest clans and 31 from a coalition of smaller clans. Parliament elected a president – the leader of the Puntland region – who then appointed a prime minister to put together a government approved by Parliament.

Somalia (Music)

Somalia (Music), The music of Somalia has always accompanied the oral poetry and is influenced by Arabic music. Traditionally used only drums, but lutinstrumentet out and violin has gained ground. Since 1945, radio has made great changes, and modern instruments are now heard in the peculiar, rhythmically distinctive music.

From around 2008, all music other than the religious fair is banned in the southern parts of the country.

Somalia Education