Education in Niger
Niger – education
Niger – education, The education system in Niger has since the independence in 1960, when just 5% of all children went to school, greatly expanded, so that education, which is free and compulsory for 7-15 year olds, is now followed by almost 30% (1992). Illiteracy in the adult population is still very high: 71% (2005).
After the six-year elementary school, two three-year levels include comprehensive education, teacher training and technical vocational education. Further education takes place at the University of Niamey; a Muslim university was established in Say in 1987.
ETYMOLOGY: The word Niger comes from lat. niger ‘black’.
OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Niger
CAPITAL CITY: Niamey
POPULATION: 18,000,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 1,300,000 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French, hausa, djerma and approximately 20 other African languages
RELIGION: Muslims 89%, natives religions 11%
CURRENCY: CFA franc
CURRENCY CODE: XOF
ENGLISH NAME: Niger
POPULATION COMPOSITION: hausa 53%, songhai 21%, tuareg 10%, fulani 10%, kanuri 4%, other 2%
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 399 (2011)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 54 years, women 56 years (2015)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0337
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 187
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ne
Niger is a Republic and Inland State of West Africa, one of the world’s poorest countries. The southern part of the country lies in the dry Sahel belt, while the northern two-thirds are desert and bush steppe. The economy is based on cattle breeding and farming; there is also the export of uranium. In the 1980’s and 1990’s, Niger’s economy was hit by both drought and falling mineral prices. Large migrations related to the drought have led to conflicts between different ethnic groups.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Find two-letter abbreviation for each independent country and territory, such as NG which stands for Niger.
Niger – religion
Niger – religion, Islam has existed in Niger since the 1400’s, but was seriously spread in the 1800’s. In the 1990’s, approximately 90% of the population are Muslims, while 5% are Christians and 5% practice traditional religions. Many Muslims practice non-Islamic traditions such as spirit occupation, which also plays a major role in traditional religions. Check youremailverifier for Niger social condition facts.
Niger – Constitution
Niger Constitution, the Constitution of the Republic is from 1999 and adopted after a referendum. It guarantees a multi-party system and aims at a balance of power between the president, government and legislative power.
The legislative power lies with the 113 members of the National Assembly, who are elected by universal suffrage for five years. The president has the executive power; he is head of state and is also elected for five years in general elections. The president appoints the prime minister who, under his supervision, heads the government and implements the adopted policy. The prime minister is accountable to parliament, which can remove him by a vote of no confidence. There are plans to give local and regional authorities greater autonomy, and since the late 1990’s, efforts have been made to realize them.
By a controversial referendum in 2009, the constitution was amended to allow the president to continue beyond the previous two years.
Niger – mass media
Niger – mass media, Even after African conditions, mass media is very little prevalent in Niger. However, when the freedom of the press was introduced in 1990-91, this meant that the government newspaper Sahel got competition from other magazines in both French and Hausa. A press law curtailed freedom in 1997 and, although the trend has since been more positive, the media situation is marked by considerable government scrutiny, both because the radio due to poverty, long distances and illiteracy is the dominant media, and because the state, despite some private radio stations, largely controls the radio medium via the state radio and television station Le Sahel.
Niger movie, Ethnographer Jean Rouch made documentary films in Mali and Niger in the 1950’s. Moustapha Alassane (b. 1942) debuted in 1962 and succeeded with the western parody Le Retour d’un adventures (1966), the social satire FVVA: Femme, villa, voiture, argent (1972) and Toula ou le génie des eaux (1974, Nigerian-West German co-production) on the drought-stricken Sahel. Oumarou Ganda (1935-81) was an actor in Jean Rouch’s Moi un noir (1959) and later became a director; his love tragedy Le Wazzou polygamous (1971) won the 1972 first prize at FESPACO, and shortly before his death came L’Exile (1980), a beautiful moral fable.
Since 1980, film production in Niger has almost stopped. Djingareye Maïga (b. 1939), who starred in Alassane’s films and has himself directed L’Étoile noire (1976), Nuages noirs (1979), Aube noire (1983) and Miroir noir (1996), all social realist melodramas, is a of the very few remaining instructors. He has also worked as a photographer and actor in many West African films.